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APSA Citation Generator

Get instant APSA citation through the APSA citation machine from

Pursuing political science is not an easy task, and if you are one of them, then it is commendable of you to take up the challenge. Solving political assignments require referencing in APSA citation style. has developed the APSA citation machine to ease the pressure on academics. Political students can freely access the APSA citation machine, delivering accurate references.

apsa citation guide

Political assignments deal with the political environments of different countries. A student writing his assignment may use quoted materials from different sources, but how to accurately cite the quoted material as per the APSA citation style can cause a problem. In addition to this, the APSA style has many rules related to referencing, which a student has to remember while processing the references for his assignment. However, accurate references can be generated with the help of our APSA citation machine within a few minutes. The article will provide an insight into the APSA referencing style and how to use the APSA citation machine from

The American Political Science Association (APSA) citation style

Political science papers require extensive research, and a student has to refer to different sources to get accurate information. The American Political Science Association (APSA) citation style is a highly used referencing format to credit the authors whose work has been used to prepare the paper.

The papers submitted to American Political Science Association for publication consist of referencing in the APSA citation style. Therefore, each paper going for publication must follow the correct guidelines. To cite a source as per the APSA citation style, one must place citations within parenthesis. Hence, as per the guidelines, a source can have an in-text citation within the text and a list of references alphabetically arranged at the end of the paper.

Like all other referencing styles, the main intention behind citing a paper per the APSA style is to update the reader about the source information. It also showcases how the source has helped validate the research conducted by the author. If the reader searches for more information, he can easily locate and read the source as per the information provided at the end of the paper. The referencing style is somewhat similar to the Harvard style as per the entry of source details in the reference list. First, the author's last name is inserted, followed by other details that can help find the source on the internet.

How to format APSA citations when using the APSA citation machine from

There are multiple elements of APSA citation to be inserted in the APSA citation machine while referencing a source. The main elements include the author's name, the year of publication and the page number. The page number helps find out the exact information in the original article from where the author has used an excerpt while writing the paper. The essential aspects of being present in a source while applying the APSA citation style are:

  • Parenthesis which can hold the citation
  • Author last name, year and the page number within the parenthesis
  • Year and page number within the parenthesis if the author’s name has been used in a sentence
  • Alphabetical arrangement of the reference list with complete source details
  • All sources should be listed at the end of the paper

There are different formats to cite different sources, so it becomes crucial for a writer to apply the correct format using the APSA citation style. For example, referencing a journal or a book may not be the same as referencing a website. Similarly, referencing a journal article on the lines of a book is neither acceptable nor permitted as per the APSA guidelines. The APSA citation machine from will help you learn different referencing styles. The guidelines mentioned on the APSA citation machine are easy to understand and can be easily applied to any source.

APSA writing guidelines

Like all other referencing styles, APSA also has some writing and page formatting instructions. The instructions also relate to abbreviations, spacing, language, etc. The APSA citation machine has a section where the rules related to writing have been enumerated. Some of the essential writing guidelines have been listed below:

  • Font size should be 11 for all parts of the paper
  • Manuscript to be printed on a single side
  • 1 ½ inch margin to be maintained from all sides of the paper
  • The right margin should not be justified
  • Double spacing is to be maintained in the entire paper
  • The first letter of headings consisting of noun, pronoun, adjective, adverbs, verbs, subordinate conjunctions, etc., should be capitalized.
  • The first letter of headings consisting of prepositions, articles or coordinating conjunctions should not be capitalized.
  • If the above three words form the first word of a heading, the first letter should be capitalized.

How to use the APSA citation machine from

It is very easy to access and use our tool. A person using the tool is not required to login or make any sort of payment. One must follow the below steps while using the APSA citation machine:

Choose the correct source: Different sources are cited differently, and hence it is vital to note which type of source is being used in the assignment. For example, you need to select a book if you want to generate the book's reference. On the other hand, applying the rules of generating a website on a book will give you incorrect results.

Fill in the inputs: There are different empty fields in the APSA citation machine which need to be filled with correct details. These inputs relate to the author's name, the year of publication, page number, title and name of the source, etc.

Generate the citations: When all the fields have been filled, press the ‘generate’ button to get an accurate reference and citation of the source details. You can copy the reference list from the APSA citation machine.

APSA in-text citation and referencing samples

The APSA citation machine from is a complete guide to generating any database reference. While developing the tool, the developers have crafted all essential fields to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the referenced information. Every subsequent source line in the reference list is indented with two spaces. In the below section, we will be discussing the format of in-text citations and references with the help of some examples.

apsa in-text citation referencing samples

Source Type: Book
In-text citation: (Sylvester 2000)
Reference: Sylvester, Smith. 2000. Perks of war and the innovations involved. Berkeley:
California Press.

Source Type: Journal article
In-text citation: (Smith and Yang 2001)
Reference: Smith, Jonas, and Reese Yang. 2001. How do Politics Involve all Nations? Journal of International Politics 10 (2): 10.

Source Type: Dissertation
In-text citation: (Mathew 2000)
Reference: Mathew, Joshep K. 2010. ‘Variety of Political Parties in the United Kingdom’. PhD diss. U.K. University.

Source Type: Government report
In-text citation: (U.K. department of Political Affairs 2000)
Reference: U.K. Department of Political Affairs. 2000. Statistical Analysis of the U.K. Politics. New York: Department of Politics.

Source Type: Case law
In-text citation: (Raw v. David. 2000 37 U.S. 20)
Reference: Raw v. David. 2000. 37 U.S. 20.

Source Type: Law or Statute
In-text citation: (Law and Politics Act 2000)
Reference: Law and Politics Act. 2000. Code at Large. Vol. 20, sec 4, p. 10.

Source Type: Newspaper
In-text citation: (Cuff 2005)
Reference: Cuff, Radcliff. 1999. “Forging the Latest Design for Steel”. Best Times, July 30.

Source Type: Website
In-text citation: (Smart Institute 2001)
Reference: Smart Institute. 2001. “The Coming Age of Terrorism: A Call for Action.” (accessed July 10, 2003).

Source Type: Dataset
In-text citation: (Renee 2000)
Reference: Renee, Meyr. 2000. “Exchange of Diplomatic Data.” (September 23, 2001)

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How to cite a source as per the APSA citation style?

APSA citation style referencing is highly used in assignments related to political science. Some of the vital points to remember while citing a source in APSA are:

  • Citations to be placed within parenthesis
  • The year of publication and the page number should be placed after the last name of the author
  • The complete details of the source are to be placed at the end of an assignment under the heading references
  • The entries in the reference list should be alphabetically arranged
Is there any similarity between the APSA citation style and the Chicago style?

Yes, there are similarities between the two styles. As per the makers of the APSA citation machine, the APSA style inherits some basic rules of the Chicago referencing style. In both, in-text citations have the author's last name, year, and the page number. In addition, both use parenthetical citations within the text.

How to cite four or more authors in APSA citation style?

As per the guidelines mentioned on our APSA citation machine, a source having four or more authors will have ‘et al.' with the last name of the first author of a source. Et al. is a Latin term referring to 'and others'.

How to cite a statement deduced from different resources?

If a statement has more than one citation, it can be placed within a single parenthesis. A semicolon will be used to separate the different citations, and each of them will be alphabetically placed. For example, various studies have proved the influx of revolutions after a prolonged war (Attlee 2000; Gone 2001; Simmer and Vines 2002).

Why is it essential to cite an academic paper?

When you refer to a work that is not yours or paraphrases an idea or a quote that does not belong to you, you are liable to cite the source. It is a responsibility that each academician should undertake. If a source is not cited, it may lead to plagiarism, irrespective of whether it was intentional or unintentional. Understanding the importance of referencing and citations can help write a responsible academic paper.

How to quote a direct quotation as per the APSA citation style?

According to the makers of the APSA citation machine, a direct quotation can be quoted by two different methods within a text. First, it can be placed at the start of the quote, like:
Simmer and Vines argued that "we need spectators of war who could tell us about the revolution" (2002, 20). Second, it can be placed at the end of the quote, like:
According to a source, for example, it has been said that "we need spectators of war who could tell us about the revolution" (Simmer and Vines 2002, 20).
It is vital to place the page number with all the direct quotations.

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