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System Design Assignment On Environmental-Conscious Building Projects

Question

Task:This assessment requires you critically analyse the system design process of a project using the theory and principles studied during the course. This assessment item relates to the course learning outcomes 1 to 5.

Details: Details In this group assessment, you are required to write a report which critically analyses the conceptual design phase of a systems engineering project. Projects might include designing a bridge, a dam, an environmentally-conscious building or a mechatronic system. You might not have been involved in the project personally, but some connection with the project would make the analysis more meaningful. Choose your project carefully because in assignment 2, your group will need to analyse the preliminary design and detailed design phases of the project. If you are unsure as to whether your chosen project has sufficient depth/detail, consult with your tutor. You will also have the opportunity to work on the assignment in the tutorials for the unit. Every group must do a different project. Also, projects from previous years can not be reused. The report is to analyse the following phases of the project: Needs definition Conceptual system design To demonstrate your research skills and understanding, the report must draw upon relevant sources like journals, books or reputable trade publications in analysing the project. You must also present the case study in terms of the above two lifecycle phases and evaluate the proposed conceptual design against the identified needs/requirements.

The report is to analyse the following phases of the project:

  • Needs definition
  • Conceptual system design

To demonstrate your research skills and understanding, the report must draw upon relevant sources like journals, books or reputable trade publications in analysing the project. You must also present the case study in terms of the above two lifecycle phases and evaluate the proposed conceptual design against the identified needs / requirements.

Answer

Introduction
We are here providing some sample solutions of system design assignment to help you in building up a concept plan in drafting the solution yourselves. The proper designing of the project is key aspects that need to be focused on management to achieve success. In this case, developing of the environmental-conscious building is the main area of projects that need to be implemented through principles and theory. The main aim of this system design assignment is to cortically analyse suitable system design process required in carried out projects. Environmental-conscious buildings provide the suitable form of structure that can be used as the major form of resources efficiently throughout the lifecycle. Proper designing, operation, construction, renovation, maintenance and eventual demolition can accomplish this entire project process successfully. Environmental-conscious building provides suitable techniques to reduce the overall form of impacts regarding nature and health. There lies with the suitable form of purposes from environmental-conscious building formulates inefficient using of water, air and other resources. Improving productivity and protecting human health to sustain life properly. It helps to reduce waste and pollution. At the time of carrying out the project on the environmental-conscious building, it provides the high form of saving in money and features in the pleasing form of designs (Grønbæk, Grudin, Bødker & Bannon, 2017). Using the format given below will help you in drafting the system design assignment in a descent way.

Needs definition
In order to carry out the entire project work successfully, there is a necessity to introduce interdisciplinary or team approaches. This can be adopted in entire system design and development of the process for ensuring designing objectives can be addressed properly. It requires the complete form of understanding in various design disciplines and interrelationships with suitable techniques, methods and tools in the successful system engineering process. In the system engineering, there lies with the top-down approach with the viewing of entire systems efficiently by delivering high stake performance. Life cycle orientation helps in addressing the entire phase that lies with system design, development, production and disposal. The life cycle orientation needs to be considered in the environmental-conscious building to support entire areas properly (Vareilles, Coudert, Aldanondo, Geneste & Abeille, 2015). The designing of life cycle needs to be designed in such a manner that entire form of transformation can be introduced in system configuration, which helps to ensure compatibility design in functional as well as physical attributes. The system life in engineering needs to be maintained that formulates with product lifecycle, system life cycle , concurrent and designing of the lifecycle. In the product life cycle, the environmental-conscious building needs to be constructed in such a manner that enhances the high form of acquisition and utilisation to recognize the customer as well as producer activities. The product lifecycle phase is conducted through successfully designing of acquisition and utilization phase (Ehn, 2017).

There is a certain form of models introduced in system engineering process that formulates with system, waterfall, spiral and Vee process model. The system process model helps in observing on the preference that is expressed among groups or individuals. Waterfall process models have been introduced in the year of the 1970s by Royce with software development. This model formulates with five to seven series used to accomplish the entire process. The spiral model process might be intended with the high risk-driven form of approaches in development in systems. The spiral model process is similar to the waterfall model but does not mandate with prototypes. The suitable forms of applications in the spiral model are followed properly to make iterative to reduce risk factors. Vee process model helps to accomplish the entire work required in systems for carrying out better operational work. In order to develop the project on the environmental-conscious building, the waterfall process model needs to be considered by the management to enhance positive aspects (Goryachev, Goryachev, Monakhov & Novakova, 2016). This model begins with the requirement of analysis regarding building techniques by maintaining the gap and using the suitable form of energy efficiency. The second step lies with the specification that formulates with new building materials such as recycled steels, insulated concrete forms, straw bales, plant-based polyurethane rigid foam, reflective roofing, cool, structural insulated panels, recycled woods, plastic composite plumber, low –E windows and vacuum insulation panels. The third steps lie with designing of the environmental-conscious building that formulates with permeable materials, which allow rainwater to get soaked into native plants as well as water to make conservation on water saver faucets and low flow of toilets. The fourth steps lie in the implementation of entire designing properly that helps to develop environmental-conscious building among the customers. The fifth procedures include the entire testing process so that the customers can able to get benefits from environmental-conscious building or not. The proper way of complete testing specifications, designing and implementation help in success to accomplish the project work. The final steps formulate in the maintenance of environmental-conscious building so that it can able to stay efficiently for long-term process and reduce environmental hazards (Venkatesh, Rai & Maruping, 2017).

In order to maintain the better quality of projects in environmental-conscious building, there is s a necessity to consider proper system designing. These include certain steps that are followed as:

  1. Performance or functionality
  2. Producibility or constructability
  3. System quality or product
  4. Maintainability and reliability
  5. Disposability or recyclability
  6. Safety and human factors
  7. Technological feasibility
  8. Political or social feasibility
  9. Environmental sustainability
  10. Product or system sustainability
  11. Expandability or flexibility
  12. Serviceability or supportability
  13. Interoperability or compatibility
  14. Profitability or affordability

These are above things that need to be considered at the designing entire system at the time of developing the project on the environmental-conscious building. The top-down breakout of various requirements might lead in identification of various characteristics. As an example, the first order provides the suitable form of consideration that might provide high value on systems and subdivided into technical as well as economical factors. The project manager of environmental-conscious building needs to focus on economical as well as technical factors at the same time. These types of following both manners formulate in developing the hierarchy in system design (Lim, Lee, Liu & Jung, 2018).

,Conceptual design
The development of a design process is most vital aspects that need to be considered at the time of developing project associated with the environmental-conscious building. The conceptual design can be arranged in such a manner that lies with the suitable form of programming management plan (PMP). From PMP, development of technical requirements and development of systems engineering program requirements can be obtained. The Programming Management Plan (PMP) helps to provide suitable guidance at the time of preparation of entire Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP). The system specification and SEMP provide feedback associated in the environmental-conscious building program. There is a necessity to identify the various forms of needs regarding new systems to enhance the high level of designing to respond to needs (Shin, Suh, Stroud & Yoon, 2017). There lies with presence of feasible form of approaches that become desirable regarding performance, maintenance, effectiveness and sustaining support. There includes with various form of alternatives that helps to narrow down entire feasible to make proper schedule as well as available resources. The major form of requirements in system operational lies with defining set mission that is constructing of environmental-conscious building among customers. The measuring of physical as well as performance parameters helps to carry out operating characteristics or system functions.

The distribution and operation deployment make identification of quantity equipment, personnel facility and software. There is a necessity to consider especially on environmental factors at the time of developing environmental-conscious building. These lies with proper systems that needs to be followed at the time of considering certain factors such as temperature and humidity. The conceptual form of reviewing entire design lies in logically as well as formally to make cover of entire proposed designs successfully. It is carried out on standpoint of total system in effective and economical manner by combining integrated form of review efforts. The conceptual design review might constitute on the the proper form of coordination activity directly associated with satisfaction of design engineer interests. The suitable form of support arises from technical design to consider on human factors, logistics, maintainability, quality assurance and program management (Gupta, Gregg, Passmore & Stevens, 2015).

The preliminary designing of system might helps to address development as well as using of preferred systems to allocate requirements in the subsystem. The major form of purpose in preliminary system designing helps to demonstrate on the selected form of programs that make high specifications of design and performance. It helps to schedule constraints and establish cost from suitable system designs. The preliminary design might require in the evolvement of suitable evaluation efforts to meet the set goals in the environmental-conscious building. In order to develop the better conceptual form of designing in the environmental-conscious building, there is a required to consider on technical requirements that formulates on the suitable form of systems specification, development, product, process and materials specification. In the system specification helps to formulate technical, operational and support characteristics required to accomplish environmental-conscious building project work (Gamalath et al. 2018). The development specification formulae of new items that need to consider such as providing necessary materials in the environmental-conscious building.

The design of safety and usability needs to be considered by the project manager of the environmental-conscious building. It lies with concerned on computability between physical system as well as functional designing features among human elements to carry out the better form of operations. The designing of maintainability needs to be considered to make the entire project work successfully. It helps to reflect on accuracy, ease, safety and economy of performing actions on maintenance. The detailed form of designing and development of the entire phase in system life cycle provides a continuation form of the iterative development process. There lies with eight major steps that need to be followed that include as developing entire designing requirements, implementing of necessary activities carried out in technical aspects, integrating proper system elements as well as considering activities (Arslan & Gülseker, 2017). The proper form of selecting and designing aids and tools are important factors in the environmental-conscious building. Data documentation and establishing of exact design helps to develop environmental building successfully. The prototype models and developing of engineers needs to be considered to gain the high amount of success. The proper form of designing entire review, feedback and evaluation assist in adding high capabilities. The proper form of incorporating design changes needs to consider to make the entire project work successful.

Evaluation
The designing of review and evaluation of entire activity conducted in project work lies as the continuous process. The informal form of ongoing and iterative day-to-day evaluation and process helps to adapt successfully. The proper form of scheduling entire formal design reviewing helps to certain discrete points associated in the acquisition of systems. The major form of reviewing purpose helps to access considering the original form of designing. It enhances the better form of consideration on the environmental-conscious building to make compliances regarding qualitative as well as quantitative. The technical performance parameters (TPMs) needs to be measured properly for ensuring high compliance aspects with specific requirements. The proper form of designing needs to be checked at the time of developing environmental-conscious building so that the improper consequences might generate (Suwa & Ishizaki, 2017). There lies with appropriate parameters to check the entire designing process to make the high evaluation. These parameters might include with technical performance on one-side and program milestones on another side.

In technical performance measures lies with availability percentage, life cycle cost percentage, maintenance labour hours per operating hour, mean time arise between failure and weight. The program milestones are divided into three areas that formulate with reviewing of conceptual design, reviewing of system design and review of equipment or software in designing. The suitable form of tracking and controlling of technical performance parameters (TPMs) needs to consider to gain the high form of success at the time of developing environmental-conscious building project. The requirement of system design formulates with the positive approach so that proper tracking of entire designing required products can be measured properly. There is the certain form of changes that are considered through engineering change proposal (ECP). This helps to know the required amount of changes associated with the environmental-conscious building to make it successful. There lies with the proper form of frequency that can be initiated through correct form of designing of required products, incorporating of advanced technology, improving the level of sustainability, responding on changes in operation and compensate on obsolete components. These factors help to formulate the better form of evaluations in an environmental-conscious building project (Souza & Borsato, 2016). In this sample solution of system design assignment a detailed analysis is done by referring to the academic theories which helped us to arrive at an accurate inference. Our system design assignment are being prepared by our engineering experts from top universities which let us to provide you a reliable assignment help service.

References
Arslan, H. D., & Gülseker, E. (2017, March). Evaluation of Sustainable Education Buildings on Samples. In International Sustainable Buildings Symposium (pp. 296-308). Springer, Cham.

Ehn, P. (2017). Scandinavian design: On participation and skill. In Participatory design (pp. 41-77). CRC Press.

Gamalath, I., Hewage, K., Ruparathna, R., Karunathilake, H., Prabatha, T., & Sadiq, R. (2018). Energy rating system for climate conscious operation of multi-unit residential buildings. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 20(4), 785-802.

Goryachev, A. A., Goryachev, A. V., Monakhov, A. V., & Novakova, N. E. (2016, May). Project management system in computer aided design. In Soft Computing and Measurements (SCM), 2016 XIX IEEE International Conference on (pp. 221-223). IEEE.

Grønbæk, K., Grudin, J., Bødker, S., & Bannon, L. (2017). Achieving cooperative system design: shifting from a product to a process focus. In Participatory Design (pp. 79-97). CRC Press.

Grønbæk, K., Grudin, J., Bødker, S., & Bannon, L. (2017). Achieving cooperative system design: shifting from a product to a process focus. In Participatory Design (pp. 79-97). CRC Press.

Lim, J. S., Lee, D. C., Liu, C., & Jung, E. C. (2018, July). A Proposal for Integrated Collaborative Design Process Driving Innovation: Applying to Design Project on the Product-Service System Using Biometrics. In International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (pp. 180-190). Springer, Cham.

Shin, S. J., Suh, S. H., Stroud, I., & Yoon, S. (2017). Process-oriented Life Cycle Assessment framework for environmentally conscious manufacturing. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 28(6), 1481-1499.

Souza, V. D., & Borsato, M. (2016). Sustainable Design and its interfaces: an overview. International Journal of Agile Systems and Management, 9(3), 183-211.

Suwa, T., & Ishizaki, H. (2017, December). Interdisciplinary new product development projects extended over engineering and management courses. In Teaching, Assessment, and Learning for Engineering (TALE), 2017 IEEE 6th International Conference on (pp. 18-23). IEEE.

Vareilles, E., Coudert, T., Aldanondo, M., Geneste, L., & Abeille, J. (2015). System design and project planning: Model and rules to manage their interactions. Integrated Computer-Aided Engineering, 22(4), 327-342.

Venkatesh, V., Rai, A., & Maruping, L. M. (2017). Information systems projects and individual developer outcomes: Role of project managers and process control. Information Systems Research, 29(1), 127-148.

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