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Smart Cities: Internet Of Things Assignment


Task:Choose one of the topics given below and submit a research project, which should not exceed 4000 words. The help file is available in the Student Resources Folder on Interact2.

Topics to select from but not limited to:

  • IoT Smart City
  • IoT Mining Industry
  • IoT Health Care
  • IoT in Farming
  • IoT for Independent Living of the Older Generation
  • IoT for Reducing Food Wastage in Australia
  • IoT in Finance Industry and Security Challenges
  • Business Intelligence in IoT
  • Future of the Fog Domain
  • IoT and Data Analytics
  • IoT in Intelligent Transport Systems
  • Big Data challenges in IoT and Cloud
  • Machine Learning for Intelligent Decision Making in IoT
  • Common Currency for IoT
  • Utilising block chain technology in IoT

If you think of any other related topics please talk to your lecturer before deciding.

1. Analyse the Task (Milestone 1: Should be completed by 11 Aug 18)

Analyse what is expected of you. This includes careful reading of the assignment task as specified in the Subject Outline. The executive summary of the research project is to be written as an Abstract. For Analysis:

  • What is the purpose of this report?
  • What is the topic you have chosen for your report? (The topic can be one specified as above, but you can come up with new ideas and topics of your choice in IoT)
  • What is the expected format of the report? (Refer to the format on Interact2 resources: Assignment 3 Help file).
  • Come up with a Problem Statement based on your topic, note it down and discuss it with your lecturer.
  • Write a small executive summary as an abstract


1.0 Introduction to the Problem: This internet of things assignment explores the (IoT) as a promising technological advancement that can address various societal and environmental challenges around the world. IoT is capable of interconnecting smart devices, use big data analytics and create smart cities to retain environmental sustainability. Scientists and analyst are expecting that around 80% of the total population (around 7 billion people) of earth will live in urban developed cities across the world by the year 2050. As a result, the high population density will naturally demand more increased infrastructure and services in the urban cities (Zanella et al. 2014). In this context, it will be a significant challenge in the future to supply the growing density of population with the basic survival resources such as safe food, clean water, sufficient energy and pollution free environment. Growing population and increasing number of city infrastructure, architecture and services will essentially lead to a degraded social and economic as well as environmental sustainability. Cities in the future will face potential problems related to economic growth, job creation, social resilience and ecological balance. Air and water pollution will be evident from the emissions from a huge number of motor vehicles. Apart from that, greenhouse gas emission, increased traffic congestion, malnutrition, starvation, increased consumption of natural resources, global warming, and climate change are only few of the problems that can be listed as the consequences ultimately damaging the quality of life. Smart cities are a potential solution to this problem to enable the urban inhabitants to survive and sustain this rapid growth. This internet of things assignment explores how Smart cities can be an effective measure to improve the quality of life of the citizens and provide social, environmental, ecological as well as economic safety to them (Theodoridis, Mylonas & Chatzigiannakis, 2013). It is high time for the city service providers to anticipate and understand the grave consequences of this rapid urbanization and take appropriate actions to increase the efficiency of city management infrastructures.

2.0 Content Domain: Internet of Things or IoT plays an important role in developing smart cities. IoT has the capability to provide the citizens, society and businesses with a world of opportunities for accessing volumes of data, implement big data analytics and thereby, introduce new applications and interfaces to ensure cleaner, sustainable environment, reduce energy consumption and improve overall efficiency. This internet of things assignment also explores the concept of smart cities involves several aspects and characteristics. According to (), smart city is developed using information and communication technology (ICT) for designing the interactive and efficient components of smart city. ICT is becoming more and more popular in urban planning. City architects, transportation providers, developers as well as public service providers are finding interest in information-enabled society. For instance, smart meters and smart phones are regulating the consumption of energy in order to increase control and energy efficiency in the smart networks of Malmo, Sweden. Moreover, smart energy solutions and smart grids are able to monitor, measure, control and influence the level of energy consumption as well as produce energy in an independent manner (Gaur et al. 2015). In other words, smart cities essentially make the city inhabitants more aware of their surrounding infrastructure along with the infrastructural components. Internet of Things provides a range of technologies that can be used to develop smart home, smart health, smart cars, smart space, smart industries, smart grid, and smart roads and smart everything. This internet of things assignment research and preparation is done by qualified IOT experts from top universities ensuring we continue to be classified as the best IT assignment help service. Internet of Things enabled smart cities include seven layers, each of which provides security and management facilities to a smart city. The first layer describes the smart city services such as smart health, energy, transportation, education and entertainment. The second layer concerns with applications and software such as software-defined networks (SDN), cloud, collaboration, service-oriented architecture (SOA) and application interfaces (Fortino & Trunfio, 2014). The third layer deals with machine learning, data mining, predictive analysis and big data analytics. Forth layer is the integration layer that integrates sensor data, GIS (geographic information system), economics and population. The fifth layer deals with interconnections between the different smart objects through various technologies such as NFC (Near Field Communication), ZigBee, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi or DECT/ ULE. After that, the next phase involves acquisition of cameras, GPS (global positioning system), sensors, meters and smart phones. The last layer concerns with the IoT enabled market based on smart health, smart grid, connected and automated home and so on.

3.0 Structure of the Report: The internet of things assignment focuses on development of smart cities based on Internet of Things (IoT). For this purpose, the report will follow a structured approach involving sequential stages of research. The research will begin with an introduction section. The introduction section will define the problem and challenges associated with the project topic. Thereafter, it will look into the areas where the present research i.e. IoT for smart cities can be useful for overcoming the stated problems and challenges. Apart from that, the introduction section will encompass the fundamental objective and purpose of the study and will present a brief overview of how the study will be conducted. The second section of the report will include a detailed analysis and evaluation of a number of existing journals and articles based on the chosen topic of research i.e. IoT enabled smart city. In order to achieve this purpose, online sources will be used to identify and select a number of journals and research papers published by various authors. A separate annotated bibliography section will summarize and critically evaluate the individual articles one by one with appropriate citations. Thirdly, a detailed literature review section will encompass all the associated concepts and theories learnt and studied from analysing the research papers in the annotated bibliography section. More precisely, the literature review section will throughout review the research topic and thereby provide proper justifications and arguments based on the discussions on the result outcomes. Finally, the research findings will be presented with an in-depth understanding of the issue. The internet of things assignment concludes with a satisfactory data analysis and discussion of the research findings.

Fortino, G., & Trunfio, P. (Eds.). (2014). Internet of things based on smart objects: Technology, middleware and applications. Springer Science & Business Media.

Gaur, A., Scotney, B., Parr, G., & McClean, S. (2015). Smart city architecture and its applications based on IoT. Procedia computer science, 52, 1089-1094.

Theodoridis, E., Mylonas, G., & Chatzigiannakis, I. (2013, July). Developing an iot smart city framework. In Information, intelligence, systems and applications (iisa), 2013 fourth international conference on (pp. 1-6). IEEE.

Zanella, A., Bui, N., Castellani, A., Vangelista, L., & Zorzi, M. (2014). Internet of things for smart cities. IEEE Internet of Things journal, 1(1), 22-32.


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