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Science Assignment- A child’s Ideas About A Science Concept


Task: Science Assignment Instructions:
A child’s ideas about a science concept: Forces can be exerted by one object on another through direct contact or from a distance (ACSSU076 - Scootle) year 4 Aus curriculum under science understanding
Part A Science Research (Suggested word count 700-900)
• Forces including direct and indirect forces
Write a brief report on your science concept to at least a Year 6 level.
1. Explain your chosen concept and define the key terms associated with it
2. Provide valid labelled and/or annotated diagrams to support your discussion
3. Reference your key ideas using appropriate academic resources

Part B Questions:
Create a minimum of 10 well-considered interview questions. (Maximum of 15) You may want to refer to a concrete example (diagram, photograph or object etc.) that you plan to use in your interview. It is expected that your questions will change throughout your interview as you adapt the discussion to accommodate your child’s responses. These initial 10 questions, however, should not be altered in this report as it is important for your tutor to be able to reflect on your initial thought process and observe how you have adapted your questioning in the interview.


Science Assignment Part-A: Write a brief report on the science concept to at least 6 years
1. Explain the chosen concept and define the key term associated with it:

Forces can happen in two types. One is determined as push and another form is determined as pull. Therefore, it is very much urgent that pull and push are required simultaneously in everyone's daily lives. As an example, we can take the concept of pulling a refrigerator, pulling a door, and pulling all clothes back.

Forces can happen in two different forms. When the force is initiated direct in that case one object is directly contact with another object in the surface.
Indirect force is determined as another type of force that can pull the object or two different substances that are not connected. Example: If someone rides in a hill station with the help of a bike, pulling down the bike as per the requirement. This force is determined by gravity. Gravity is determined as one type of force that is always pulling any objects opposing the direction (Frantz, 2019). As an example, it can be stated that: Force can cause the object to start moving from one side to another side (Giessibl, 2019).

There are different types of contact forces are presented here to understand the classification of contact forces:
a) Frictional forces: The frictional force is the direct force when two objects come across within a surface gives a significant impact to move across it. The friction force is also classified into two different types of categories named sliding and static friction (Giessibl, 2019). Example: When a book slides upon the desk, The desk produces a frictional force in the opposite direction of the motion. Rubbing hand is another option of the force.

F (frict)=meu * normal.
b) Normal force: This type of force is determined by the support force applied upon a particular object. As an example, we can take that a book is constant upon a particular surface. The whole surface is exerted on upward force upon the particular book. The normal force is applied horizontally between two objects when they are in contact with one another. Suppose a person standing against the wall, the wall exerts horizontally on different person (Frantz, 2019).

c) Resistance force:
Air resistance is denoted as a special type of force which produces upon a particular object traveling through the air. The force will be almost used to neglect magnitude due to the mathematical application. It is almost noticeable for objects to travel at high speed (Kapil et al., 2020).

d) Tension force: This type of force is initiated when a force is exerted with the help of string, rope, cable, and wire through the air. Tension force mainly happens along the length of the wire and pulls equally. It can connect the opposite end of the wire (Giessibl, 2019).

e) Spring force: This kind of force is exerted with the help of a compressed string. It is always trying to stretch force to restore the object in an initial manner (Guest & Martin, 2020).

Non-contact force classification:
Gravitational force:

The normal force applied to the particular object with the help of the earth, moon, or other massively large objects. All objects exerted on the earth experience a force of gravity downwards the middle of the earth. The gravity of the force is quite similar to the object of the weight (Kapil et al., 2019).

Magnetic force: This kind of force is exerted by attraction and repulsion between all charged particles in the motion. This force is responsible for the action of the electric motors. It attracts the magnet of iron (Kapil et al., 2019).

2. Provide valid labeled and annotated diagram:


(Source: Giessibl, 2019)

Annotated image: The whole picture will describe the concept of pull and push operation within the particular operation. Force is friction which can be conceptualized in this figure.


(Source: Frantz, 2019)

Annotated users: Contact forces and non-contact forces
According to the contacted forces, one object is connected with another object.
Non-contact forces are determined as contact between a charged body and another charged body

(Giessibl, 2019).

3. Key ideas with academic resources:

Key Ideas


Newton 2nd Law of motion

Force= mass * acceleration (Kapil et al., 2019).


The Force opposes the sliding motion between two different touchpoints (Kapil et al., 2019).


It is one kind of force that is mainly associated between two different objects depending on the masses

Centripetal acceleration

Acceleration of the object mainly happens due to the reason of center, curved and circular path.

Newton 3rd law of motion

 All actions have their equal and opposite reaction in the body.

Centripetal force

The force is directed towards the center of the circular path (Nerenberg, Head-Gordon, 2018).


It is mainly exerted on the particular object.


The tendency of an object to resist the change of motion.


 The sum of the momentum of the object before the collision is similar to the objects after the collision. Here the loss of the object 1 momentum is same as gain of the object 2 (Nerenberg & Head-Gordon, 2018).


Part- B:
There are a minimum of ten questionnaires are being mentioned here to understand the diagram, picture, and resources:
1. Can you tell me what is the difference between frictional force and magnetic forces?
2. What is the difference between reaction forces and gravitational forces? Can you please demonstrate the concept?
3. What are the five types of contact forces? Give the proper explanation with proper examples of these questions.
The pulling force is determined as the F is acting on the particular block. The block is required to be still at the rest position. Which of the following diagrams correctly shows all forces which are acting on the particular blocks?


5. What is the difference between direct and indirect forces within the practical scenarios?
6. Here are two reasons of indirect forces, exit interviews are mainly used to understand the questions? Could you please explain me regarding these things?
7. Gravitational force, Electrical forces, Magnetic forces, applied force, Resistance force, Tension force, Spring force - Which forces are coming from which category please explain me.
8. A object has ‘m’ mass drawn by the machine that delivers a constant power k Watts. If the particle starts from rest, then what should be the particle time is t?
9. What is the nuclear and electrostatic forces? Please provide some relavant example?
10. What is the Upthrust? How it can be determined in a particular block? Please explain it with proper block diagram in the picture.

Frantz, D. (2019). FORCE—Landsat+ Sentinel-2 analysis ready data and beyond. Remote Sensing, 11(9), 1124.Retrieved from [Retrieved on: 24.12.2021
Giessibl, F. J. (2019). The qPlus sensor, a powerful core for the atomic force microscope. Review of Scientific Instruments, 90(1), 011101.Retrieved from : [Retrieved on: 24.12.2021
Guest, O., & Martin, A. E. (2020). How computational modeling can force theory building in psychological science. Science assignment Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1745691620970585.Retrieved from [Retrieved on: 24.12.2021
Kapil, V., Rossi, M., Marsalek, O., Petraglia, R., Litman, Y., Spura, T., ... & Ceriotti, M. (2019). i-PI 2.0: A universal force engine for advanced molecular simulations. Computer Physics Communications, 236, 214-223.Retrieved from: [Retrieved on: 24.12.2021]
Nerenberg, P. S., & Head-Gordon, T. (2018). New developments in force fields for biomolecular simulations. Current opinion in structural biology, 49, 129-138.Retrieved from: [Retrieved on: 24.12.2021


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