Assessment Task : You are required to compile an Annotated bibliography of 5 peer-reviewed journal articles
Step 1. Select an industry sector.
Read the Assessment 3 Essay task and identify which sector you will study for Assessments 2 and 3 (e.g. agriculture; construction; financial services; health care; hospitality; manufacturing; mining; retail; transport).
Step 2. Undertake research of the recent academic literature since 2010.
Identify five (5) academic peer reviewed journal articles relevant to the Assessment 3 Essay topic. It is suggested that you align your selected articles with the unit themes from Weeks 3 to 5 (e.g. job design, HR planning, recruitment and selection). It is recommended that you undertake your research via the online ‘search’ of CQUniversity Library.
Step 3. Write 2 paragraphs on each article
For each journal article, you are to write approximately 400 words in two paragraphs. The first paragraph will summarise the main ideas of the article, identifying the hypothesis, purpose, research methodology and conclusions. The second paragraph will identify how you will use that article in relation to the Assessment 3 Essay.
Step 4. Use an appropriate format
Present your Annotated bibliography in a format similar to that provided below. For more information, see the library guide for writing an annotated bibliography. http://libguides.library.cqu.edu.au/ld.php?content_id=37972692
Introduction: This annotated bibliography sheds light on some selected sectors of the construction industry. Some of the topics chosen in respect of the concerned headlines are Women at work-evaluation of equal employment policies and outcomes in construction, labour and skill shortages faced by the Hong Kong's construction industry, principal component analysis of professional competencies of architects in the Ghanaian construction industry, Relieved Working' study with a systematic development and design of an intervention to decrease occupational quartz exposure at construction worksites and a review of enabling factors in construction industry productivity in an Australian environment.
Article 1: Women at work-evaluation of equal employment policies and outcomes in construction industry
References: French, E., & Strachan, G. (2015). Women at work! evaluating equal employment policies and outcomes in construction. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 34(3), 227-243. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1661337053?accountid=188056
Keywords: typology, male domination, diversity
The article is with its outcomes to voice its concern about the working decisions of the females along with supportive evaluations on the topic of employment policies and outcomes in the construction industries. The examination of the policies related to equal employment in the construction industries of Australia is in domination of the males. Alongside the issues of activities, categorisation done against the typology of employment with reference to women is the main purpose discussion of this topic1 . The methodology follows by exploration of issues related to the representation of women in low through the equal employment opportunity report. The article hold the practical implementations depicting that there has been reports of resignations from the older male workers in a large number implementing consideration on the new labour markets. The article also provides an analysis comprehensively related to the male dominated industry. The industry’s outcomes is examined with respect to the number of female employees present in the industry, and to that context the significance is sitting on the limitations of policies related to the employment equality.
Considering the growing debate on the topic of employment bias in the construction industry, going through this article helped to get over the problem of biasing and the company’s efforts addressing the problem. At the same time the article was useful in rectifying the topic with the suggestive measures like participations equitable across the industries, job levels and occupations and also solving the matter of equal pay issues. In addition to that, there had been a rise in anti-discrimination legislations with equal opportunities and the increment of demands for diversified equality led to an encouragement of the organisational policy expansion over the past decades. The quotations of the approach of the matter of diversity through gender was also helpful in assessment of the article. The mentioned diversity classification has the ability to acknowledge the potential in case of discrimination and biasing practises against women bounded by the organisation structure and favours the treatment in neutral form towards every individual in the organisational work field as a means of addressing the discrimination 2.
Article 2: Labour and skill shortages in Hong Kong’s construction industry
References: Ho, P. H. K. (2016). Labour and skill shortages in hong kong's construction industry. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 23(4), 533-550. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1801854822?accountid=188056
Keywords: assessment, shortage of skills
The topic highlights the issues faced by the construction industries situated in Hong Kong regarding the short fall of the labours and the skilled artisans required to run the industries. Many construction Industries of Hong Kong listed in pursuing large-scale residential and infrastructural projects, are facing the problems of non-availability of serious labours and skilled person in order to execute the large scaled projects. The main purpose of this article is to find out the strategies in practical with respect to solving the depicted problem along with the assessment of these strategies to develop a model related to the conceptual labour supply. The methodology compares the collection of quantitative as well as qualitative data from the surveys of questionnaire and forums of discussion. To identify the framework of conceptual supply of labour and response strategies in practical, a discussion forum was held in favour of 28 members. As of the previous studies that were completely based on the measures of voluntary, most strategies identified to confirm effectiveness are enforceable. With addition to the theory of the grounded approach, a conceptual model has been developed for labour supply analysis regarding both the national and abroad issues.
When employment nears its full capacity, the problem of labour shortage occurs, with an additional difficulty faced by the employers to fill the vacancies created by finding suitable workers. In case of a deficiency of qualified workers with the desired skill set and qualifications, skill shortages occur. The article in this case was helpful in rectifying the problems and implementing suitable strategies to address the issue. A particular qualification for a particular work in the construction field is necessary for the product outcome of the company. Concerning the shortages in the labour and skilled workers, there has been implementations of funding in additional to the council of the construction industries, with the enhancement of trade testing and training for the workers prospective and also enhanced the activities regarding promotions in the industry to attract more and more workers. With the support of the funding, the council launched training schemes based on the manpower of construction, under which a training allowance is implemented to attract new entrants. The council was also effective in launching training programs in favour of the cooperative contractors, under which the concerned individuals are provided with training on-site and thus applying increment on the volume of the overall training.
Article 3: Principal component analysis of professional competencies of architects in the Ghanaian construction industry
References: Kwofie, T. E., Amos-Abanyie, S., & Afram, S. O. (2016). Principal component analysis of professional competencies of architects in the ghanaian construction industry. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 23(5), 571-587. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1828625221?accountid=188056
Keywords: Ghana, competency, construction management
The article hereby examines the analysis based on the principle component of the professional abilities of the architects in the Ghanaian industries of constructions. The most significant ability in pursuit of development and identification remains focused towards the mainstream performances measures in the management of the human resources towards the supplied team’s engender and validate the best activities. It is posted in context of viable means and thus encouraging suitable developments over competencies in front of the outcomes of the performance acceptable in the delivery of construction projects. The main purpose of the article is the identification of the competencies in the field of critical professionalism of an architect in the construction industries of Ghana regarding the project delivery of construction towards performances effectively3 . On implementation of the methodology, reveales the forming of a design involving mixed method comprising qualitative semi structured interviews along with a survey of questionnaires for the architects of Ghana. There were 16 architectural professionals with abilities being respondents were identified to implement their practice of effective architectural activities. In order to prepare explanations on possible empirics and to interrelate the variables, a factor analysis was imposed. It provided clear intentions of understanding into the professional abilities thematically and the architectural practices and training should be focussed.
On the context of competency measures and the management of performance based on the literature mainstream, we can rectify about the competency profiles along with the development that stays on focus by the development practitioners of the human resources as a proficient technique to pick up and develop the professionals with elegant performance. Such preoccupations and drives percept the responses of the impetus that results in higher flexibility, increased productivity and superior performance in target to execute the arising global challenges. In recent times, it can be effectively implied that, towards the profiles of competencies of the professionals of the projects of constructions with understanding, there has been an increase in the considerable interest. The potential instruments are identified in the form of managerial and professional competencies in order to comply the competitive pressures that are inherent along with the organisational performance pitfall including their globalisation in the firm of professional services. There has been competency profile reviews followed by certification requirements by the professionals all over the globe, in order to align their practise in more relevant ways as well as maintaining outcomes of superior performances.
Article 4: systematic development and design of an intervention to decrease occupational quartz exposure at construction worksites
References: Oude Hengel, K.,M., van Deurssen, E., Meijster, T., Tielemans, E., Heederik, D., & Pronk, A. (2014). 'Relieved working' study: Systematic development and design of an intervention to decrease occupational quartz exposure at construction worksites. BMC Public Health, 14, 760. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-760
Keywords: quartz exposure, determinants, construction
The article takes a theoretical visualization about the hazards of quartz exposure found at various sort of construction industries and the possible interventions against this hazard in order to lead a healthy and safe working environment. The intervention stayed focussed on the highlights of factors related to organisations, behaviour and techniques integrations4 . The evaluation of the effective interventions is done in a trial controlled by an equalized cluster among a few companies with baseline measurements. The respirable dust and exposure of quartz are a part of the outcome measures, and along with the exposure assessment, the determinants of the behaviours and organisations are assessed by questionnaires means.
The assessment of the characteristics base lined on the population study is one of the main resources. The organisational and behavioural factors, in respect to the exposure of quartz among the workers of the constructions stay focussed by the assessment. The objectives related to performances include the measurable ones of the program of intervention to achieve the objective in target for assessment needs. Modelling, passive learning alongside communications stimulating was the preferred theoretical procedures, to create an increment in the awareness of occupational exposure of quartz among managers and workers of the construction.
This particular article highlights the way systematic and proper designing of work structure contributes to smooth conductance of business related activities within the workplace. Proper division of workforce is likely to reduce the work burden on any particular worker to some extent. The fact that the activities usually taken within construction sites are labour some and thereby tend to make the people tired usually contributes to it. Excessive pressure on workers associated with construction worksites tends to have a huge deal of negative impact on their health condition.
Systematic development is required to be followed by implementation of adequate technical equipments within the workplace to carry out the planned activities in a smooth manner. Implementation of adequate technologies not only tends to reduce the time required to carry out such laborious tasks but also make the workers get some relief from hard work.
Article 5: A review of enabling factors in construction industry productivity in an Australian environment
References: Hughes, R., & Thorpe, D. (2014). A review of enabling factors in construction industry productivity in an australian environment. Construction Innovation, 14(2), 210-228. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/CI-03-2013-0016
Keywords: construction, productivity
The following article throws light on the topic of the rising factors enabled in the industry of construction in case of productivity, in the Australian surroundings. In reference to the methodology of the following article, a structured questionnaire in the form of a research was conducted in favour of 89 managers of the construction project chosen randomly, in the state of Queensland, Australia. The evaluation of the importance related to the primary factors that are linked with the productivity of the construction was effectively done through the research. The factors including incomplete drawings along with rework and poor competency in supervision are the contributing ones in case of affecting the productivity of construction5 . The Queensland state of Australia was the main outlined focus of the research with rate of response raised to 40 percent. The factors affecting the productivity are discussed in the insight of the research. Further, interviews of professional expert managers are targeted and are in the queue to pursue.
Considering the rising discussions on the topic of the factors that are enabled and responsible for the productivity of the construction industries, going through this article helped to get over the mentioned problem. In the context of the construction industries, productivity is defined as the ratio of, measure of input volume use to that of the measure of the output volume use, according to the Economic cooperation and development organization. A perfect productivity can be achieved by providing attention on the accurate and impulsive drawings along with focusing on the usage of labour, non-compliance of delays by the officials excusing the weather the conditions as well as referring to working in a safe manner with providing quality workmanship and no sign of litigation at the end of the work. Hence it can also be concluded about the topic that helps to work up the matter of logical approach, which is holding its importance in the measurement of the productivity of the particular project, which is more of a ratio between the work value and the overall cost of the inputs in total.
1. French, E., & Strachan, G. (2015). Women at work! evaluating equal employment policies and outcomes in construction. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 34(3), 227-243. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1661337053?accountid=188056
2. Ho, P. H. K. (2016). Labour and skill shortages in hong kong's construction industry. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 23(4), 533-550. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1801854822?accountid=188056
3. Kwofie, T. E., Amos-Abanyie, S., & Afram, S. O. (2016). Principal component analysis of professional competencies of architects in the ghanaian construction industry. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 23(5), 571-587. Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1828625221?accountid=188056
4. Oude Hengel, K.,M., van Deurssen, E., Meijster, T., Tielemans, E., Heederik, D., & Pronk, A. (2014). 'Relieved working' study: Systematic development and design of an intervention to decrease occupational quartz exposure at construction worksites. BMC Public Health, 14, 760. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-760
5. Hughes, R., & Thorpe, D. (2014). A review of enabling factors in construction industry productivity in an australian environment. Construction Innovation, 14(2), 210-228. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/CI-03-2013-0016