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Recovery Model: Scientific Implication In Mental Health Diagnosis

Question

Task: Discuss how the ideology of social constructionism and postmodernism could be linked with the theory of the recovery model. Does the ideology of the recovery model hold any significance in the therapy of marriage and family? In the path of being an efficient MFT, does the implication of the recovered model hold any significance?

Answer

Introduction
The process of pulling through from any hazardous state imparted by the sickness or any disease is generally termed to be the recovery process. After the recovery, the affected individual is expected to be leading a very satisfactory, well-disciplined, and healthier life leading to the brim of his biological efficiency. It was John Perceval who had coined down the term of recovery model in the latter decades of the 19th century. He was born as the son of the prime minister of Britain and has developed the concept of a recovery model by referring to his own experience. In the current scenario of medical science, the ideologies and theories about the concept of recovery model are majorly implied in the area of mental health and diagnosis. The methodology of recover from a difficult stage would be different and unique for each and every person could be tagged as a recovery model. To remove the issues in psychological thinking and to increase the mental health of a certain person, various recovery models could be implied by the health personnel. No, any specific target is set while implying the recovery model and the major stress is given on the whole experience of achieving self-reliance (Jordan, 2003).

Recovery Model
In the recent period, the approach of the recovery model has been much popular among the health personals working in the field of mental health care and diagnosis and is being widely implied all over the world. The implication of the recovery model in the health field could be widely observed in the countries of Britain, the USA, Australia, and New Zealand. If taken the context of Ireland, even a separate committee was being formed under the guidance of the Mental Health Commission. The move was made by the government in the February month of the year 2004 so that the implication of the recovery model could be done in the health institutes in a very systematic way. The new committee has encouraged researches in the field of mental illness so that the scope of the recovery model could be broadened by exploring the untouched critical issues. The new studies have set a new set of parameters for the diagnosis and treatment of the issues about mental health. A similar approach is being taken by the government of Australia and the research is further broadened to the field of consumer care and delivery services. Although there have not been any noteworthy progress observed in the field of implication rather than just developing the theoretical concepts. The scholars have found it very difficult to devise out a common code or common et of guidelines for the recovery model since the law and regulations are very different and unique in each country (Busuttil & Liu, 2008).

If taken into account the global scenario many countries are taking various measures to develop the theories and implications of the recovery model. The work of the British Department of Health is commendable which has provided immense support to the cause of research in the field of mental health diagnosis by implying the recovery models. The citizens or the individuals who are bound to the implication of the recovery model are being provided with various community resources which are essential education, housing, occupation, etc. The delivery of these community resources has observed to be acting as a catalyst in the implication of the recovery model. The country like New Zealand has used the concepts of recovery model in a different and unique by implying the ideologies on the faculties working in mental health services. If it went much east in the USA, the concept of the recovery model has gained recognition much earlier than other countries. As a part of which the major stress was given on building numerous self-help groups. Contrary to other nations these self-help groups have focused on removing the addiction to alcohol from the affected individuals. There are were also additional self-help groups created to help the individuals in tackling the situation of mental illness. The institute like GROW which was established in Australia in the year of 1957 had provided a significant contribution to the research of recovery models. The organization is much different from other similar organizations since it has evolved its reputation as a multi aid organization which helps individuals who are suffering from very serious mental issues (Dutton & Ashworth, 2015).

The process of recovery from the illness is a very gradual and time taking process since the affected person is expected to regain all his biological health along with his maximum potential. The major problem of the process of recovery and the recovery model is that there is no specific guideline or system to attain it. Thus, various methodologies used in the recovery plan are very unique and different from each other. Depending on the geographical and demographical situations the meaning of the recovery model ranges from just eradication of the symptoms from illness to the full attainment of human efficiency (Sohler, Jerant, & Franks, 2015). The major concept on which the recovery models works and rely on are Social connections, aspiration, self-responsibility, and empowerment (Jacob, 2015).

Hope / Aspiration
It is the presence of hope in the patient that would help in treating the patient very easily since it would lead to the situation of the placebo effect. It is quite possible that the person would plunge into the psychological condition of depression, and it is in this condition that the hope turns out to be the productive mental factor. It is very hard to lead the process of treatment on the progressive course if the patient is in a depressive state and possesses no hope. It is the pessimistic approach, expectation for a better future, and belief in the medicine that would increase the success rate of the recovery model. It is being widely observed in the medical institutes that patients have displayed very speedy recovery when hope was generated in them.

Empowerment
If the patient possesses a strong will and has the mentality of perseverance to face any condition, the chances of recovery become very high. It has been observed that the symptoms and ill effects have been alleviated very easily in the strong-willed individuals since they have the habit of taking charge and control of their own life. Though the patients should leave aside their stubbornness, anger, and sadness so that they could easily cooperate with the medical faculty. This would help the patients in recovering from the disease at a very fast pace. The affected person should focus on their strengths rather than lamenting on their weakness.

Self-Responsibility
As a comparison to other factors, this factor is very hard for the patient to attain. If the patient has not the mentality to take charge of the uncertainties and risks in his life, then it is very unlikely that the patient would retrieve his health. If the person would still seek help from external people then the mental health of the person would not be considered an ideal one. Hence the patients should be provided with much more encouragement by the officials of the medical organization.

Social Connection
Support from society is a very crucial factor that would help the person in recovering from the illness. If the society would seclude the person, he would feel depressed and it may aggravate the actual problem. If the person sustains the link or relation with society, the patient would get much external support.

If taken the physical thinking of the society even from the earlier periods, the approach towards the patients had always been very harsh. The evidence of this behavior could be perceived from the cave paintings, an art form from the period of renaissance, etc. The approach was much harsher of the patient was pertaining to the illness of the mind. Even people had perceived it as a socially constructed disease. The normalcy of any issue is only a concept that was generated by society. Society always tags a person as an abnormal one if the person behaves or believes anything which deviates from the previously set rules, guidelines, and cultural norms. In normal case, it is not the defiance of the rule which makes the person to be perceived as an abnormal one but the consequence of making a certain decision or action (Stam, 2001). For a better understanding of the discussed context, let us consider that a person claims to make conversation with the so-called god. The irony could be seen by the approach of the society since a poor person would be considered schizophrenia and at the same time, the stamen would be considered authentic and pious if it is claimed by a religious leader like Pope. Hence the prejudice existing in society would make a huge difference in the perspective towards the same issue. Hence the perception of mental illness could not be defined by referring to the social opinion (Holmes, 2007).

The major elements of the units of mental health care are public, clinic experts, purchasers, and majorly the patients. Because of the large variants of the department of mental health care, the whole area deems to be the complex activity. Since an action that seems to be positive to one factor may turn out a negative effect on another one, the whole effort is very complex and multifaceted. Thus, deriving out an effective recovery model is a very arduous task to commence since very contrary factors have to be taken care of. One of the major hindrances in the process is the gap of thought processes between different generations. The mode of analysis which was developed in the period of the postmodern era usually concentrated on just referring to the common opinion prevailing in the society. The approach of the post-modern therapies included the tools and ideologies of collaborative language, the narrative approach, and solution faced therapy. Diseases like addiction, schizophrenia, depression, etc. were majorly focused on diagnosis in the concept of postmodern therapies.

The family background of the person also plays a decisive role in the generation of major mental issues or mental states like depression, ADHD, anxiety, stress, etc. The issues in marital life would also play a very crucial role in the mental health of a person. Hence the family background should be given primary significance while drafting an efficient recovery model. Only the psychological experts and the authentic therapist should be allowed to participate in the drafting process of the recovery model. Most probably it has been observed that the mental patients are the victim of worse family background or failed marriages. So, the factor of social responsibility should be considered on a broader basis while drafting the effective recovery model. If only an efficient recovery model is implied by the medical officials, the patients would retrieve their initial confidence and only if the factor of confidence is present, the patient would acquire the speedy recovery (Negash & Sahin, 2011).

If the person is being subjected to the treatment using an efficient recovery model, then there is a high probability that the person would lead to a very quality family life along with his marital life. The person would foresee the probable risks and problems and would take the needed actions to avoid it (Webb, 2011).

Conclusion
The concept of recovery is a reflective one and it is only by the personal perspective that the actual relevance of it could be understood. The major aim of the recovery model is to encourage every individual to lead a very quality life avoiding any symptoms of mental illness. Only if the person leads a life with full potential his life could be considered a successful satiating one. The core approach and path towards happiness is possessing mental health. The recovery model is majorly meant to the MFTs, who would focus highly on treating the people with grave mental issues. The implication of this model would help in understanding the human thought process in a very sophisticated and positive way and hence the all the health institutes should make the best use of it by implying in the diagnosis process.

Reference List
Busuttil, A. & Liu, C. (2008). Developing a recovery psychological model for patients undergoing KPro surgery. Acta Ophthalmologica, 86, 0-0.

Cosgrove, L. (2003). Feminism, Postmodernism, and Psychological Research. Hypatia, 18(3), 85-112.

Dutton, P. & Ashworth, A. (2015). The natural history of recovery from psychological trauma: An observational model. Medical Hypotheses, 85(5), 588-590

Holmes, J. (2007). Social constructionism, postmodernism and feminist sociolinguistics. Genl, 1(1).

Jacob, K. (2015). Recovery model of mental illness: A complementary approach to psychiatric care. Indian J Psychol Med, 37(2), 117.

Jordan, K. (2003). A Trauma and Recovery Model for Victims and Their Families after a Catastrophic School Shooting: Focusing on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Psychological Effects and Needs. Brief Treatment And Crisis Intervention, 3(4), 397-411

Negash, S. & Sahin, S. (2011). Compassion Fatigue in Marriage and Family Therapy: Implications for Therapists and Clients. Journal Of Marital And Family Therapy, 37(1), 1-13.

Sohler, N., Jerant, A., & Franks, P. (2015). Socio-psychological factors in the Expanded Health Belief Model and subsequent colorectal cancer screening. Patient Education And Counseling, 98(7), 901-907

Stam, H. (2001). Introduction: Social Constructionism and its Critics. Theory & Psychology, 11(3), 291-296.

Webb, L. (2011). The recovery model and complex health needs: What health psychology can learn from mental health and substance misuse service provision. Journal Of Health Psychology, 17(5), 731-741.

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