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Project Management Of Wind Turbine Assignment

Question

Task: Write a project specification designed to prepare for one of the issues outlined below. (Guidance on writing the report follows the scenarios.)
Project A:
Office Relocation
Project details: The Chief Executive has tasked you with writing a project management report on the relocation of 250 staff from an existing call centre in Metropolis City Centre to a new business park on its periphery. There are a number of potential buildings available to choose from, but each one will require some refurbishment to fit the requirements of your business (creating appropriate office space for 5 senior executives, 3 separate teams (finance and payroll (10 staff members), human resources (5 staff members) and call centre operations (230 staff members) along with IT infrastructure). You are responsible for choosing the building, refurbishment, and transfer of staff and equipment to the new site. You have 3 months from the start to finish of the project and a budget of £50,000.
Initial Reading:
Lam, E.W.M.; Chan, A.P.C.; Chan. D.W.M. (2008) Determinants of successful design-build projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 134 (5), 333-341.
Project B:
Local Arts Festival
Project details: The Chief Executive of Metropolis City Council wishes to develop a series of arts events promoting environmental sustainability, to be held across the City next summer. You must develop a project plan for the Culture and Leisure Committee which sets out how your team intends to manage the festival. The team will be responsible for identifying a theme for the festival; planning appropriate events; managing relationships with stakeholders; managing health and safety; ensuring licenses are in place and developing media and publicity for events. The goal is to ensure events are delivered on time, on budget and at an appropriate standard. The arts festival must run between May and September next year. Your initial budget is £50,000.
Initial Reading:
Laing, J.; Frost, W. (2010) How green was my festival: Exploring challenges and opportunities associated with staging green events. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 29 (2), 261-267.
Project C:
New Product Development
Project details: You are project manager involved with research, development, manufacturing and marketing of new canned products for a major food manufacturer. The Chief Executive has asked you to prepare a project plan to support the development of a new range of premium soups. You must develop a project plan to be presented to the Senior Management Team, which sets out the research, development and production of the product. You will be expected to liaise with marketing throughout the research and design process. The company expects to launch the product in time for next winter. The initial budget has been set at £2.5 million. Your proposal must show how you will ensure the product is delivered on time, on budget and at an appropriate quality. Initial Reading: Schmidt, J. B., Sarangee, K. R. and Montoya, M. M. (2009), Exploring New Product Development Project Review Practices. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26, 520– 535.
Project D:
Engineering Management*
Project details: You are a project manager and your company has successfully bid to install a wind turbine for a community energy scheme. The installation must take place between April and September next year. Your job is to manage the wind turbine installation project and plan the purchasing, logistics, installation, connection and commissioning of the turbine on behalf of the local community. You must ensure that the project is completed within the agreed price and on time before the winter weather makes concrete foundation construction difficult. You are expected to produce a project plan for presentation to the steering community from the community which shows how your company will complete the installation on time and to budget as well as highlighting any relevant risks and their impact on overall project payback. The budget for the installation is £600K.
Initial Reading: M. Fera, R. Iannone, R. Macchiaroli, S. Miranda, and M. Schiraldi. (2014) Project appraisal for small and medium size wind energy installation: The Italian wind energy policy effects. Energy Policy, 74: 621 - 631. N. Gatzert and T. Kosub. (2016) Risks and risk management of renewable energy projects:
The case of onshore and offshore wind parks. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 60:982 – 998, 2016. (NB This scenario links to UN Development Goal 7, Affordable and Clean Energy https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/energy/)

Marking scheme1 The report will be marked using the DMU PG mark scheme assessment criteria, informed by these criteria: - Introduction/conclusion - Background context and rationale for how the project will be delivered by your organisation/team - Description, application and critical appraisal of chosen six methods - Presentation of report and use of references

Answer

Introduction
The study focused in the wind turbine assignment highlights the process of energy conservation through wind turbines by next year which will be beneficial for the economy of the country. It will help to raise awareness about the community energy scheme. Energy is the main source to run any business and the lack of non-renewable energy is one of the major challenges the world is facing today. This project is essential to enhance the sustainable development goals and it will help to increase the efficiency of renewable energy. More than 12% of the global population facing complexities due to lack of electricity and energy is categorized as the dominant contributor towards changing climate and it is the main reason behind 70% greenhouse gas emission (un.org, 2020).

This project will help to raise the economic growth of the country by installing energy saving devices like wind turbines; which will help to raise awareness among the individuals. The successful mechanism of this device will enhance the growth and reputation of the company in the United Kingdom. The total budget of €600K has been provided to the company for installing wind turbines. This project highlights the six main methods and techniques which are essential for the successful fixing of the machine and accomplish the goals. In addition this paper will be beneficial to identify the risks linked with the project explored in the wind turbine assignment and other complexities that might arise in the installation phase. 

The PESTLE analysis method has been discussed in the segments of wind turbine assignment to identify the potential issues as well as risks; this technique is beneficial for monitoring the external marketing environment. Gant chart has been used in order to plan and schedule the activities of the installation of wind turbines. Risks management strategies illustrated herein wind turbine assignment are used to identify and minimize the liabilities linked with the project; the RACI matrix has been used here for allocating the roles and responsibilities to the right person. The management strategy for stakeholders is also discussed in the project for accomplishing the target to save more energy.

Project context
The project mainly highlights the methods which can be used to successfully fix the energy saving device and it will be beneficial for the whole nation. Energy is categorized as an essential source through which the firms can raise their potential to produce more incomes and it will open the door for more job opportunities. As per the views of Pimmet al. (2020), three billion people globally struggle due to the lack of electricity. As a project manager of the company, it is crucial to install the wind turbine and this can save energy for future use. The project was mainly undertaken by the management for eliminating the emission of greenhouse gas in the atmosphere.

The research carried on the case scenario of wind turbine assignment clarifies that for the successful completion of the project, it is important to hire potential team members who can complete the tasks on time and for handling the logistics and installation departments of the company. Through this project, the community members can evaluate the process of installation of the turbines and it will help them to predict the issues associated with the project. The budget and time for the project have been decided by the higher authority so that it can be completed easily. The chosen project mainly focuses on the sustainable development goals. The three crucial elements of sustainability are social, economic and environmental factors; and these pillars help to meet the present requirements without destroying the needs of future generations. As commented by Fera et al. (2014), about twelve to twenty percent of the global population facing complexities due to lack of electricity and remaining were facing climate issues. The study highlights the methods of fixing of an energy saving device which will help to save-energy as well as budget. The wind turbine will help to produce effective energy as the blades a motor linked with it helps to transform kinetic energy into electrical energy. 

What is the rationale for the proposed plan and choice of methods in regards with the wind turbine assignment?
The main motive behind the proposed plan is to save energy for the future and by installing wind turbines the country can produce non-polluting as well as renewable energy. In the modern era, there is an increasing pollution rate along with that the rate of greenhouse emission has increased on a large scale. The plan was mainly developed for the welfare of the UK and the firms can gain more profit through this project. The proposed plan is important to allocate the tasks to the right person and for knowing the stags of the project. Proper planning is essential for the whole management because it will help to eliminate the complexities. If proper planning was not proposed by the company it might result in delay and inaccuracy in the project. Therefore proposed plans are necessary before starting the project and this project is being developed by the project team for accomplishing the sustainability development goals; installing the wind turbines energy can be saved along with budget and it will eliminate the future challenges of the project. As per the views of Howland et al. (2019), this project will enhance job opportunities for the engineers and it will help to access reliable and sustainable energy. 

The reason behind the choice of the PESTLE analysis method in regards with the case of wind turbine assignment is to establish a better decision by evaluating the impact of political factors, some social factors, economic, environment along with the legal and technological factors on the country. The company has undertaken the project based on installing wind turbines and these methods will help the business to earn more profit and helps in strategic planning. The work breakdown structure has been chosen to minimize complicated activities and it helps to divide the work among the project team. Gantt chart is an essential method that helps in scheduling and planning the project and if this was not present in the project; the project might not complete on the govern timeline. Risks management strategies are used in the project to eliminate the risks by controlling, monitoring and reviewing the stages and define the main objectives of the project. As commented by Ahmed (2019), the RACI matrix helps to allocate the tasks to responsible members and it helps to complete the whole documentation process. Stakeholder management strategy is been chosen for the case of wind turbine assignment for decreasing the negative effects of the stakeholders. If all the above-mentioned methods are not used properly in the project; it might affect the project on a large scale.

Provide a PESTLE analysis for the project illustrated herein wind turbine assignment

wind turbine assignment

Political factors

· Government stability

· Brexituncertainty

· Regulatory pressure

Economical factors

· Interest rate become 0.75% (tradingeconomics.com, 2020)

· GDP rate decrease from 1.8 to 1.2%

· Inflation rate is 1.94%

· Unemployment rate is 3.8%

Social

· The aging population increased up to 12 million

· Health care provides excellent services

· Education level is high quality

Technological factors

Internet availability

Legal factors

Labor law

Environmental factors

High greenhouse gas emission

Environment regulations

(Refer to Appendix 1)
Analysis
Political factor analysis
The political factors such as government stability and Brexit uncertainty might affect the project. The setting up of a energy saving tool requires a huge amount of services and resources and thus these political impacts should be monitored by the project team.

Economical factors analysis
Economical factors mentioned in the wind turbine assignment such as high-interest rates might affect the project due to the high price and the GDP rate has been decreased to 1.2%. It was observed that the inflation rate has become 1.94% and the high inflation is not good for the economy. The rate of poverty is increasing due to other increasing unemployment rates (Christodoulou and Cullinane, 2019).

Social factor analysis
The aging population of the UK is increasing on a global scale; however, it was observed that the health care homes of the UK are providing quality services and resources to all the care users. The study prepared herein wind turbine assignment mentions that the social factor such as the education system of the UK is high quality compared to other countries; the children are provided with effective knowledge and skills.

Technological factor analysis
With the increasing innovation, there is an increasing demand for internet services. Without the help of the internet, no one can perform any activity. In this project, the planning, documentation and information collection process requires internet service. As stated by Tsangaset al. (2019), by developing new strategies and new technologies the project can be accomplished easily and in a much more effective manner.

Legal factor analysis
In legal factors, the Labor law is effective for the management of the UK as it provides unemployment insurance along with social security to all the members.

Environmental factor analysis
In the modern era, due to the continuous use of energy, there is an increase in pollution and emission of toxic gases like carbon and greenhouse gases. The project evaluated herein wind turbine assignment mainly aims to conserve energy as well as money for future generations. It has been observed that Defra is the government organization that helps to monitor the environment and regulates the system by engaging the community to follow environmental policies for the welfare of the country.

Work Breakdown Structure
(Refer to appendix 2)
Project Management Requirements

  • The Project timeline needs to be planned in such a manner so that construction finishes before the winter months. This is to be done as the cold weather would make the construction of concrete foundation difficult in nature.
  • The cost of different amenities, equipment and other resources needs to be considered thoroughly in order to prepare the budget of the project in an accurate manner.
  • The goals and deliverables discussed within this wind turbine assignment that are to be achieved after completion of the project needs to be planned accordingly.

Assessment Requirements

  • The Wind Turbines need to produce energy that would be harnessed for electricity.
  • The location of installation needs to be thoroughly assessed in order to analyse the details regarding the foundation of the Wind Turbine.
  • The area of construction needs to be properly surveyed and levelled in order to ensure proper fixing of the device.

Construction Requirements

  • The installation of the energy saving device or tool needs to follow environmental regulations and the construction work should produce minimal waste.
  • The base of the Wind Turbine needs to be constructed with proper foundation.
  • The Wind Turbines should associate with power grid in order to ensure proper transmission of the electricity that would be generated from the turbines.
  • Proper wiring needs to be carried out in order to ensure efficient transmission of energy.

Operation Requirements discussed within the wind turbine assignment

  • Power is to be transmitted by the Wind Turbines to a power station.
  • A minimum of 80 MWH is to be produced by the Wind Turbines.
  • The Wind Turbines need to be monitored on a regular manner.
  • Data needs to be analysed regularly for tracking the progress.

Gantt chart
(Refer to Appendix 3)
Discuss about the Project Schedule within this wind turbine assignment.

  • The area where the construction is to take place is to be surveyed in order to ensure proper foundation and find out other details regarding the location of the place. This stage of the process will take place from 3rd April to 18th April.
  • Data is to be collected about the site of construction in order to facilitate proper planning of the construction layout and development of project plan. Collection of data is to take place from 3rd April to 18th April.
  • Planning of a proper construction layout is quite vital for the overall accomplishment of the setting up of energy saving devices. This activity is to take place from 19th April to 20th May.
  • The Project charter also needs to be made for the project explored in the sections of wind turbine assignment in order to facilitate a quality definition the project objectives and to measure the overall success of the project. In addition, the Project charter is beneficial which ensures whether the Project manager knows the stages of the project or not. This activity is going to take place from 5th May to 20th May.
  • After making a comprehensive Project charter, the project plan needs to be developed. Developing phase of project involves determining the scope of the project, scheduling the different activities of the project and calculating costs for those activities. Development of the Project plan would take place from 5th May to 20th May.
  • The study developed within this wind turbine assignment signifies that the development of the Project Plan is followed by assessment of the environmental issues that may arise with the concerned project. Moreover, this stage also involves seeking legal approval from the government bodies in order to carry out the installation of the wind turbines without any issues. These activities would take place from 5th May to 21st June.
  • Assessment of the overall project is the next step in the project which would take place from 21st May to 21st June.
  • After assessment of the overall project, suitable and effective contractors are being selected by the company who would carry out the project in a successful manner. This stage mentioned herein wind turbine assignment will take place from 6th June to 8th July.
  • Acquiring of needed resources, equipment and tools are being carried out after the assessment of the overall project. This step takes place from 22nd June to 8th July.
  • Hiring of workforce for the overall maintenance of the infrastructure is another important step. This activity occurs from 22nd June to 8th July.
  • Monitoring and analysis of data mentioned in this aspect of wind turbine assignment is the final step of the process which enables the company to understand the various shortcomings and flaws of the project. This enables them to undertake certain measures so that such flaws do not occur in future projects. This activity takes place from 9th July to 25th July.
  • The project is scheduled to be completed on 25th July.

Risk Analysis of the Project
Wind energy is categorized as the most efficient and popular renewable sources of energy. However, installation of a wind turbine involves several risk factors. As commented by Gatzert and Kosub (2016), it is stated within this wind turbine assignment that wind turbine maintenance crews may face several types of risks mainly during working in confined spaces such as the nacelle. Poor ventilation in such confined spaces may lead to asphyxiation or accumulation of hazardous gases may also lead to catching fire in the turbine. Moreover, risks may also arise from disruptions in the transportation which might delay the overall construction process. As suggested by Feraet al. (2014), risks which are rising from accident, wear and tear and other damages to physical assets due to negligence are another vital issue that needs to be taken care of. Moreover, utilising inefficient or unreliable technology may also lead to several problems and may result in loss of revenue. As per the view of Presencia and Shafiee(2018), it has been found out that a risk which arises from the fault of the third might result in potential damage to the environment; legal disputes due to complex legislation procedures also needs to be taken care of. Such risks might lead to delays in the overall accomplishment of the project.

Risk Management Strategy
(Refer to appendix 4)
In order to avert the risks that are associated with the setting up of the energy saving device named Wind Turbines the nacelle of the turbine and other such places where heat is being generated needs to be provided with sufficient ventilation. The wind turbine assignment examines the words of Taziet al. (2017) that the incorporation of proper safety drills and training would enable the workers to respond to adverse situations in a much more effective manner. In order to prevent transportation problems, local suppliers need to be selected which would reduce transportation time and will increase the overall productivity at the construction site. Lastly, in order to avert risks related to technological hazards, the company needs to perform proper assessment of the organisations from which they would be hiring the equipment and tools. This would enable the company to install a wind turbine in a much more efficient and effective manner.

RACI Matrix
The main components of RACI matrix mentioned in this section of wind turbine assignment are Accountability, Consulted along with Informed and responsibility. This matrix or model helps a company to describe the roles that stakeholders play in a project in a clear and structured manner. The four roles that are being played by stakeholders in a project illustrated in the context of wind turbine assignment are given as follows:

  • Responsible: These comprise of the people who perform the jobs or actually for the work. They complete tasks, objectives or make decisions in a project. In a project more than one stakeholder can be jointly termed Responsible.
  • Accountable: Accountable stakeholders comprise of the people who own the work. This person makes sure that the responsibilities are being assigned in the matrix for all the related activities in a project.
  • Consulted: This refers to people or stakeholders who need to provide certain inputs before a certain activity or task be done or signed off. These people are quite active in their participation in the overall process of the project.
  • Informed: These comprise of stakeholders or people who always need to be made aware and informed about the several developments in a project. As commented by Sousa et al. (2018), they require updates on how a different area of the project work is progressing. However, they need not be formally consulted for decision making nor do they contribute in performing any task or decision.

In order to create a successful RACI model proper identification of all the tasks involved in the project need to be considered. It should be ensured that at least one stakeholder is Responsible for a certain task. Moreover, the RACI model needs to be discussed in the context of wind turbine assignment and shared with all the stakeholders before actually implementing it.

wind turbine assignment

(Refer to appendix 5)
The RACI Matrix for the installation of the Wind Turbine has been given as follows:

Project Activity/ Deliverable

Project Manager

Consultant

Architect

Contractor

Client

Define functional and aesthetic needs

I

I

C

I

R

Define performance requirements

A

R

I

I

I

Assess risks

A

R

I

C

I

Create design

A

C

R

I

C

Execute construction

A

C

C

R

I

Approve construction work

I

I

C

C

R

Stakeholder Management Strategy
In order to accomplish the target, it is important to have a qualified and effective project management team. There are two types of stakeholders that are internal and external such as directors, suppliers, employees, and customers. As per the view of Gatzert and Kosub (2016), it can be stated herein wind turbine assignment that identification of key stakeholders along with their individual level of autonomy and power has a major impact on the overall execution and success of the project.

(Refer to appendix 6)
The following methods provided within this wind turbine assignment can be undertaken in order to accomplish the setting up of the Wind Turbine in an effective manner:

  • The Chief Finance Officer of the project needs to advise to calculate and perform budgeting related activities in an efficient manner so that the overall budget does not exceed the given amount of £600K.
  • The Chief Architect needs to be provided with sufficient time so that the design and blueprint of the energy saving device is done in an accurate manner.
  • The workers and the contractors need to be provided with knowledge and effective training so that they are able to handle advanced technologies which would be used for the construction of the Wind Turbine.
  • The clients of the project mainly refer to the members of the community. They need also need to be made aware about the several benefits that they would reap after the successful completion of the project. Moreover, their cooperation would enable the contractors to carry out their construction works in a much easier manner.

Conclusion
It can be concluded that through proposed planning and using the above-mentioned methods within this wind turbine assignment such as PESTLE analysis and risk management strategies the company can easily accomplish its goals. It has been observed that by installing wind turbines the government of the UK can raise their economic growth and it will help to eliminate the harmful gases from the environment, through this project the budget, as well as energy, can be saved. The people of the UK spend lots of time using the internet and the trend of internet services has been increased on a global scale. Through effective methods, the project can be completed easily and the accurate result can be obtained. Moreover, the development of the Work breakdown structure and Gantt chart within this wind turbine assignment would further enable the company to carry out the different activities related to the setting up of the Wind Turbines in a much more efficient and effective manner. These tools would also enable a better understanding of the different requirements of the stakeholders which in turn would lead to better stakeholder satisfaction. Lastly, undertaking a comprehensive Risk Analysis and determination of risk management strategies have helped the company to foresee several construction related risks and avert them effectively. Further, it can also be concluded from the above sections of wind turbine assignment that construction of the Stake holder management strategy has also enabled the company to increase support and reduce negative impacts on stakeholders throughout the project life.

References
Ahmed, M.R., (2019). The RACI Matrix and its implications, wind turbine assignment 45(7), 56.

Christodoulou, A. and Cullinane, K., (2019). Identifying the Main Opportunities and Challenges from the Implementation of a Port Energy Management System: A SWOT/PESTLE Analysis. Sustainability, 11(21), p.6046.

Fera, M., Iannone, R., Macchiaroli, R., Miranda, S. and Schiraldi, M.M., 2014. Project appraisal for small and medium size wind energy installation: The Italian wind energy policy effects. Energy Policy, 74, pp.621-631.

Gatzert, N. and Kosub, T., (2016). Risks and risk management of renewable energy projects: The case of onshore and offshore wind parks. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 60(2), pp. 982-998.

Howland, M.F., Lele, S.K. and Dabiri, J.O., (2019). Wind farm power optimization through wake steering. Wind turbine assignment Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(29), pp.14495-14500.

Pimm, A.J., Palczewski, J., Morris, R., Cockerill, T.T. and Taylor, P.G., (2020). Community energy storage: A case study in the UK using a linear programming method. Energy Conversion and Management, 205, p.112388.

Presencia, C.E. and Shafiee, M., (2018). Risk analysis of maintenance ship collisions with offshore wind turbines. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 37(6), pp.576-596.

Sousa, P., Tereso, A., Alves, A. and Gomes, L., (2018). Implementation of project management and lean production practices in a SME Portuguese innovation company. Procedia computer science, 138(4), pp.867-874.

Tazi, N., Châtelet, E. and Bouzidi, Y., (2017). Using a hybrid cost-FMEA analysis for wind turbine reliability analysis. Wind turbine assignment Energies, 10(3), pp.276-287.

tradingeconomics.com (2020). United Kingdom Interest Rate. Available at: https://tradingeconomics.com/united-kingdom/interest-rate [Accessed on: 08 January 2020]

Tsangas, M., Jeguirim, M., Limousy, L. and Zorpas, A., (2019).The Application of Analytical Hierarchy Process in Combination with PESTEL-SWOT Analysis. Wind turbine assignment Energies, 12(5), pp.791-803.

un.org (2020). Sustainable Development Energy. Available at: unps://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/energy/ [Accessed on: 08 January 2020]

Appendices
Appendix 1: PESTLE analysis
The PESTLE Analysis can help to analyse the external market conditions. It can be applied here to gain a detailed understanding on external issues affecting the organisation and its performances.

quality management assignment

Appendix 2: WORK BREAK DOWN STRUCTURE
The work breakdown structure for the case of wind turbine assignment helps to break various activities into smaller parts in order to ensure effective operations. This tool can be applied here in order to break down various operational processes of the organisation and the project activities.

quality management assignment

Appendix 3: Gantt chart

quality management assignment

quality management assignment

The Gantt chart provided in this section of wind turbine assignment deals with presenting a timeline for the development of an efficient project. It can help to ensure that a project is completed within time requirements and proper ideologies are implemented for decreasing the required time of completion.

Appendix 4: Risk Management Strategy
As per the investigation on the case of wind turbine assignment, the risk management strategy helps to evaluate various possible risks involved in a project and the ways by which these risks can be mitigated. It can be applied here in order to assess the risks involved in development, their severity and the methods to solve them.

quality management assignment

Appendix 5: RACI Matrix
The RACI matrix helps to gain proper understanding regarding key changes that needed to be made and various decisions taken. This tool is applicable here in the context of wind turbine assignment as it helps to evaluate various decisions made and the effects of these decisions.

quality management assignment

Appendix 6: Stakeholder Management Strategy

quality management assignment

The stakeholder management strategy illustrated in this section of wind turbine assignment helps to evaluate various stakeholder groups and their effects on the brand. Proper knowledge regarding the stakeholders involved and their cooperation opportunities and impacts on project can help to implement ideas for gaining maximum cooperation and positive project impacts.

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