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Ottawa Charter for Health Education and Health Promotion

Question

Topic: The introduction of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion in 1986 signalled the beginning of change in the way that health professionals educate and empower individuals and populations. Using the action areas of the Ottawa charter for health promotion and your health promotion project, explain how the concepts of Health Literacy, Health Education and Health Promotion relate to empowerment and ultimately the role of health professionals?

Instructions: Using the Health Promotion program YOU are developing for the Expo Assessment, demonstrate your understanding of how the key Ottawa Charter actions apply in regards to YOUR target population or community. This essay should discuss how health literacy, health education and health promotion contribute to empowering this population and the nurse’s role in providing them.

The use of headings is encouraged in this essay, with the Ottawa Charter actions the most logical choice. Within the discussion around each Ottawa action and how it relates to YOUR program, connections should be made where appropriate, regarding literacy, education and empowerment for YOUR particular target population. For example; if discussing the health literacy of an aged multicultural population that you are targeting for a cardiovascular health promotion program; what plans have you considered to address this in the delivery of your campaign? How might literacy impact the success of your program? What Ottawa Charter action is at work here?

Students should use the marking guide provided to understand the expected standard and quality of work. They must use appropriate resources and reference accordingly, using the university approved referencing style; APA sixth edition. The number of references required for this assessment is a minimum of 10.

Answer

The earliest global conference on health promotion was held in Ottawa on 21 Nov, 1986. It mainly took place as a reaction to the rising hopes of the novel public health group that was gaining momentum throughout the world. The main focus of these discussions was related with the needs of industrialized nations, but at the same time, they also considered similar concerns in other parts of the world (Kwan, Petersen and Borutta, 2005). Similarly the progress that has been made with the help of the Declaration on Primary Healthcare, the Targets for Health for all Documents of the WHO and the recent debates that were going on and the WHO Assembly were also considered.

Health promotion: The process of health promotion can be described as the process that can be used for enabling the people to augment their control and for the betterment of their health. For achieving the condition of total mental, physical and social security, it is necessary that a person or grouping should be in a situation to recognize and to grasp its objective, to fulfill its wants and to change or deal with the surroundings. As a result, health is considered as a source that is vital in daily life and not merely an objective of living. In this way, health has to be treated as a positive concept that has its emphasis on social and personal resources and also physical capacities. Hence, promotion of health is not merely the duty of health segment, but it extends to healthy way of life for achieving welfare for all.

Health Promotion Action: As mentioned above, the promotion of health extends further than health care. Therefore it raised his health on the schedule of the policymakers are made from all sectors. It directs them to keep in mind the health costs of the choices made by them and to acknowledge their duties related with the issues of health. The health promotion policy covers diverse but matching approaches. Therefore, they include legislation, taxation, fiscal procedures and organizational transformation. The action is what he needed, resulting in health, social and income policies that can nurture greater equality. Such joint action allows in making sure, healthier and safer goods and services, cleaner environment and healthier public services.

The policy of health promotion also needs to be identified the obstacles that are present in the acceptance of vigorous public policies in non-health industries and also the methods of eliminating these obstacles. The main purpose should be to make better choices, the easier option for the policymakers.

Creating supportive environments: The present-day societies are complex and interrelated. The result is that issues related in health cannot be differentiated from other objectives. The inextricable links that is present between the people and their environment amount to the basis of a socio-ecological approach towards health. Therefore the need is for the development of overall guiding principles that are the same for the world, communities, regions and the nations, so that they can take care of each other and the community and the environment. The emphasis should be on the protection of reserves across the world and it ought to be treated as international responsibility (Kwan and Petersen, 2010).

Several matters by the changes taking place in patterns of work, life and leisure have their influence on fitness. It is necessary that work and relaxation provide a source of fitness to the public Similarly it is also necessary that the way in which work is organized by the society should help in creating a healthy society. Health promotion produces safe, satisfying and stimulating living and working conditions.

A systematic evaluation of the impact of rapid changes taking place in environment on health of the people, especially in fields of technology, energy and work is very important. It should be followed by action taken to make sure that the positively impact the healthiness of the people. The safety of natural and built environment and the protection of reserves should be the main focus of any health promotion strategy (Petersen and Kwan, 2004).

Health promotion relies on effective and solid community action by planning strategies, setting priorities, making the decisions and enforcing the strategies for ensuring better health for the people. The main purpose behind this procedure is empowering the communities, their ownership and management over the activities and their fate. It is recommended the development is based on the present human and material resources that are available with the community for increasing social support and self-help and also to develop flexible systems that are capable of strengthening the participation of the people in the matters related with health. This needs complete and continuous access to information, funding support and learning opportunities (Petersen, 2006).

It is also very important that health promotion should be able to support individual/social development by offering education, information related with Bill and also increasing life skills. Therefore, it should be able to increase the options that are available to the public, which in turn allows them to have more control of their own health and also on the environment. Similarly, it also allows them to make choices that are conducive for health. The responsibility of ensuring health promotion by providing health services is equally distributed among persons, communities, health professionals, institutions and government. Therefore it is very important that all of them work closely for achieving a healthcare system that is capable of contributing in the pursuit of health (Petersen, 2006). In this regard, the role played by the health sector should gradually move in the direction of fitness promotion, extending further than its liability of giving clinical and curative service. As a result, the health services should adopt and expanded mandate. That is sensitive and also respects the needs of the culture. Such mandate should also be able to support the requirements of persons and communities, when it comes to the real life and they should be open channels present among health sector and wider economic, political and social environment mechanisms.

Reorienting health services also needs more concentration towards its research and also the transformations taking place in professional training and education. It should cause change of attitude and the health services that we focus on the overall needs of the individual as a person. Health is created and lived by persons within the settings of their routine life, where they work, play, learn and love. In this way, health is created when we care for ourselves and for others as we are in a position to take decisions and remain in control over the circumstances of my and also by making sure the society in which the person lives creates the conditions due to which it is possible to achieve health for all the members (Petersen, 2008).

In this way, the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion provides a definition of health. According to, health is something that needs to be pursued as a something that should be avoided. The Charter also encourages the adoption of a collaborative approach towards health promotion, which can promote health by altering the societal determinants of wellbeing. In this regard, three strategies have been outlined by the Ottawa Charter related with health promotion. These are at the enabling and mediating. These approaches are then used in five areas: building healthy public policy, creating supportive environments, strengthening community action, the orienting health services and increasing individual skills all of which extend beyond the health sector (Petersen, 2009).

Therefore it can be stated in the end that the Ottawa Charter provides a radical agenda related with public health, particularly by. Explicitly conveying the values that are pursued by public health and increase the increasing the potential for reflexivity, as well as the chance is to consider complimentary values in action that I'm capable of promoting public health. It is a key landmark for the charter that preventive health promotion has been considered as a priority (Tang, Beaglehole and de Leeuw, Eds. (2006). Therefore, while the charter provides a positive definition for health in the form of something that needs to be pursued instead of the absence of disease at the same time it also tries to promote health by empowering the individual, community and the governments in preventing poor health.

The meaning of this situation is that the promotion of health has been made easier for the persons by preventing risk behaviors and taking part in protective behaviors. At the same time, it also tries to feed the context related with the people so that the health becomes more likely to be achieved and sought after.

References
Kwan S. and Petersen P.E. (2010) Oral health: equity and social determinants (pp 159-176). In: Blas E. and Sivasankara Kurup A.(Eds). Equity, social determinants and public health programmes. Geneva: World Health Organization

Kwan S.Y.L., Petersen P.E., Pine C.M., and Borutta A. (2005) Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bulletin of the World Health Organization; 83: 677-685.

Petersen P.E. (2006) Policy for prevention of oral manifestations in HIV/AIDS - The approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme, Advances in Dental Research; 9: 17-20

Petersen P.E. (2008) World Health Organization global policy for improvement of oral health - World Health Assembly 2007, International Dental Journal; 58: 115-121

Petersen P.E. (2009) Global policy for improvement of oral health in the 21st Century - implications to oral health research of World Health Assembly 2007, World Health Organization, Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology; 37: 1-8.

Petersen P.E., and Kwan S. (2004) Evaluation of community-based oral health promotion and oral disease prevention-WHO recommendations for improved evidence in public health practice. Community Dent Health; 21 (Suppl 1): 319-329

Tang K.C., Beaglehole R., and de Leeuw E. (eds.) (2006) The 6th Global Conference on Health Promotion, Bangkok August 2005, Health Promotion International 21 (S1), 1-98

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