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Medical Assignment on Decision Making Under Pressure

Question

Task Description: Please provide an outline of a research project that you intend to use as the basis for your final assessment task 3, full project proposal. You should briefly write:

  • Title of the project
  • A brief statement of the problem that you would like to investigate; and research aim and objectives that can solve the problem you have identified.
  • A brief methodology: Provide details about what type of methodology you will choose such as quantitative or qualitative or mixed methodology;
  • Clearly identify secondary data source(s) and data that require for your research; also identify the methods and tools that you will use to analyse the collected data.

This is an individual research task. As a Masters student, you are required to engage ¡n research and demonstrate your understanding of the relevant body of works that have discussed recent developments in a discipline and/or area of professional practice. You are also required to demonstrate knowledge of research methods applicable to a real-life business research. We expect you to read and reflect on at least ten recent refereed journal articles on your topic supported by any other evidence or information that can help identify the problem of your research and the methods of data collection and analysis.

Answer

Introduction
Decision making is an important aspect in all sectors and holds special importance in case of emergency services. This medical assignment has chosen healthcare as it is an emergency service sectors and aims to analyze the concept of decision-making under pressure in this context. In this medical assignment will majorly discuss the decision that has been taken by a medical professional and also the management people related to medical background under pressure.

Problem statement
Stressful condition affects the judgment of people who are associated with emergency duties. Medical staffs and people do not have the time to judge their decision that has been made under pressure. According to Jain et al. (2014), a decision that has been taken by medical professionals under pressure has been found to create risk for the patients. As opined by Macquet & Lacouchie (2015), lack a propoer analysis of the situation and thus many times they might not be accurate. Information which is considered to be an essential component in decision making process is found to be unused in these stressful situations. Many a times the lack of information is found to be the most important factor to make a proper decision. As stated by Behrend, Dehais & Koechlin (2017), the decisions made by the medical professionals have a long term impact on the care users. Thus making those decisions in a hurry or a under pressure may cat negatively on them. This medical assignment aims at identifying the methods that are genuine analyse the methods and they made an experiment with an imitation model.

Research Aim
The aim of this medical assignment is to analyse the process of decision making under pressure situations in emergency services like healthcare.

  • To identify the importance of the decision-making process in emergency services
  • To evaluate the factors influencing decision-making under pressure situations in emergency services like healthcare
  • To analyze the impact of personal competencies and surrounding facilities in making decisions under pressure situations
  • To investigate challenges faced by individuals in making a decision under pressure situations
  • To investigate challenges faced by individuals in making a decision under pressure situations

Methodology
In order to carry out this medical assignment primary qualitative methodology will be used in this research. As stated by Smith (2014), in a healthcare organization, management personnel and medical professionals have the responsibility of taking urgent decisions in pressure situations. These decisions are often influenced by personal competencies as well as the surrounding environment (as influenced by Qi, Liang & Zhang, 2015). Hence, this research will carry out a face-to-face interview with 2 management personnel in healthcare organizations and 2 medical professionals. The research will follow a non-probability sampling technique and purposive sampling methods for choosing the interviewees. As opined by Atsan (2016), this technique is based on the researcher's own precision criteria and helps in choosing samples that hold in-depth information about the research topic.

Data collection method
Secondary data will be collected from different journals, books, online articles by using keywords like ‘decision-making, ‘medical emergencies, ‘pressure situation in healthcare’. According to Mäntylä et al. (2017), undertaking a wide range of secondary research helps an individual to delve deep into the research problem and identify potential solutions for the same. Secondary data will also be gathered from different and authentic databases like ‘Sciencedirect', ‘PubMed' and ‘Google Scholar' in the last four years. Additional data will be taken by manually searching the keywords from books, articles, and journals.

Conclusion
This medical assignment will probably capitulate information in detailing of the methods and techniques used for making decision under pressure condition. This research will also help in understanding the level to which techniques can be used in making decision under pressure. Reviewing the current methods and techniques of decision making under pressure will help in understanding the operational framework and also helps in identifying the most suitable methods among them. Through analyzing the collected responses from the doctors and the management professionals of the medical ground it will be easier to know of the problems and also the benefits that a medical sector receives by utilizing the methods and techniques.


Atsan, N. (2016). Decision-making under stress and its implications for managerial decision-making: a review of literature. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 6(3), 38-47.

Behrend, J., Dehais, F., & Koechlin, E. (2017, September). Impulsivity modulates pilot decision making under uncertainty. In The Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe 43 (2), 20-62

Del Missier, F., Hansson, P., Parker, A. M., Bruine de Bruin, W., Nilsson, L. G., & Mäntylä, T. (2017). Unraveling the Aging Skein: Disentangling Sensory and Cognitive Predictors of Age?related Differences in Decision Making. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 30(1), 123-139.

Laureiro?Martínez, D., Brusoni, S., Canessa, N., & Zollo, M. (2015). Understanding the exploration–exploitation dilemma: An fMRI study of attention control and decision?making performance. Strategic Management Journal, 36(3), 319-338.

Macquet, A. C., & Lacouchie, H. (2015). What is the story behind the story? Two case studies of decision-making under stress. In Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making, 60 (3), 120-153

Morewedge, C. K., Yoon, H., Scopelliti, I., Symborski, C. W., Korris, J. H., & Kassam, K. S. (2015). Debiasing decisions: Improved decision making with a single training intervention. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2(1), 129-140.

Petkova, A. P., Wadhwa, A., Yao, X., & Jain, S. (2014). Reputation and decision making under ambiguity: a study of US venture capital firms' investments in the emerging clean energy sector. Academy of Management Journal, 57(2), 422-448.

Qi, X., Liang, C., & Zhang, J. (2015). Generalized cross-entropy based group decision making with unknown expert and attribute weights under interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy environment. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 79, 52-64.

Smith, W. K. (2014). Dynamic decision making: A model of senior leaders managing strategic paradoxes. Academy of Management Journal, 57(6), 1592-1623.

Ureña, R., Chiclana, F., Morente-Molinera, J. A., & Herrera-Viedma, E. (2015). Managing incomplete preference relations in decision making: a review and future trends. Information Sciences, 302, 14-32.

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