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Management Assignment: Factors Influencing Employee Motivation

Question

Task

Management Assignment brief:

John wants the report to discuss employee attitude to work. In particular, John wants the report to focus on the following:

The various factors which motivate employees to work

The positive and negative factors employees experience as a result of their job roles.

It is expected that the Reference List will contain between five and ten sources. As a MINIMUM the Reference List should include at least one academic book and one academic journal article.

Answer

Introduction
This report on management assignment will discuss the World of work which will provide the understanding about the people reason that motivates them to work in present days. It will see how work has become one of the prime factors of basic human need. It will discuss the employee attitude toward the work that helps to carry all the responsibility regarding any organisation. Besides all these, the report will also discuss the factor in any work environment which motivate employees to work in all condition. As well as the report will discuss the factors whose whole motive is to provide a better experience for the employee. Besides this, it will study different positive and negative factors of employee experience. It will analyse how the employee's experiences can be made better with positive factors as well as this will analyse how a negative factor can ruin the experiences in the most significant way possible.

Work as a basic need of human
As per the statement of Jackson and Bridgstock (2018), from an early age’s food, shelter and clothing is the basic need of every human and with passing day the basic need increases by including stuff like education and healthcare. In this modern era of industrialisation and globalisation, money has become the major resource from which a human can fulfil all his basic need. Thus, human tries their best to earn money. Among different ways of earning money, there are two methods which are widely used by the majority of the world population that is creating a business either working for someone else business. In both ways, human has to work. Whether they will work for their own company or they will work for someone else company. By working human can earn a significant amount of money that will help to fulfil all the basic need of human. In a simple word, in present days, human work to fulfil their basic need, as the work provides them money which will be used to fulfil the basic needs as well as any comforting luxury. As most of the human crave of luxury and comfort in their life which motivate them to work on the regular basis to fulfil his desire (Thokozani et al., 2017). Besides all these, most of the people who create a business and work for their own company carry a vision in their mind, and those people work to achieve their own personal vision and goal which they have set for a company. By achieving those goals, they can take their company to a higher profitable state where it can make them earn more money.

Employee attitude to work
According to different research, it is seen that the employee attitude toward work is vastly impacting the success of that individual employee, and also it affects their productivity for a different company (Sousa and Wilks, 2018). When an employee is satisfied and happy with the work environment, it will be more likely to increase the productivity for that company by working with more seriousness and dedication. Thus, it becomes compulsory for any individual company to maintain the work ambience in their office in a positive manner that will provide a better work environment for any individual employee. Sadly, it is not possible to keep up with this positive attitude all the time as these positive attitudes depend on various kind of factor that can't be controlled. Thus, it becomes HR's duty to manage all these factors at the workplace, which avoid the arising of any kind of negative attitude at the workplace.

According to the statement of Ashford, Caza and Reid, (2018),there is various way to maintain the positive attitude within the employee such as, by providing a strong leader to a team who will create an ambience where any employee will be committed to giving their best to achieve the company goal. The managers can also help to create a positive attitude within the employee by motivating and empowering their employees with their speeches. The organisation should listen to the employee’s voice in order to remove any kind of obstacle that is arising a negative attitude for the work environment. A positive attitude can also be maintained by doing admiration of the employee for their success (Plaskoff et al., 2017). The team leader and employee should be more focused on finding the solution instead of discussing the problem. Besides all these, the organisation should work to identify the negative employee and support those employees to bring change in their attitude.

Factors that motivate employees to work
Besides the employees' basic need there is the various reason that keeps the employees motivated for the work as well as company use different key factor to keep the employee motivated for their work (Susskind et al., 2020). Among those various keys, the first key is to make the meaning and purpose of their work; this will make a better understanding about the work they are doing, and this will keep the employees motivated toward their work. The company should maintain a positive work culture by providing wellbeing, compassion, diversity, inclusion and equality; this will create a better ambience for the work environment and motivate the employee. The company should provide recognition to all those employees who work hard for the company. There should be various opportunities for the employee to learn in the workplace and also different way that will help in the development of the employee. Moreover, the company should provide a bright future for their employee by providing them with a clear path in the progress of their career (Morgan et al., 2017). By taking care of all this thing, any company can maintain a proper ambience at the workplace, which will motivate the employee to work in the company. This motivation in the employee will lead them to provide better productivity for their company.

Factors that decide employee’s experience
Dubin et al., (2017) opined that to get the major outcome from the employee, most of the company are focused on providing a better employee experience; this will help them to gain competitive advantages. Employee experience was based on the engagement and satisfaction of a certain employee. There is generally two types of factor that decide the employee experience which is a positive factor and negative factor. In the below heading, this report will discuss the positive and negative factors of employee’s experience as a result of their job roles.

Positive factors of employee’s experience
The employee experience is dependent on the four major contribution factor such as quality of leadership, Personal commitment, connection with other and the ambience of the workplace. For the most employee, the employee's experience is directly influenced by their leaders (King, Murillo and Lee, 2017). That's why the leader should have all the quality which will help the employee to work in any condition with the guidance of that team leader. Even at the worst time, the team leader should be motivated and keep the other motivated by his word in order to work in the most significant way. Being committed to the personal goal is quite important of any employee experience. The commitment will show his responsibility toward the company, which will bring motivation to him as well as others to work hard. There must be a positive ambience at the workplace, so the employee should be connected well by different means of communication.

Negative factors of employee’s experience
There are various negative factors in a work environment that affect the overall employee's experience in a negative way, as one of the most damaging factors is not having proper communication between the employee and the management. It results in uncertainty in work. This can happen due to the presence of poor management where they don't give much importance to the employee's experience. Employee Wages also affect the employee experience in a significant way that extremely low wages give a demotivation for the employee toward their responsibility (Olusadum and Anulika, 2018). Apart from this, giving very little or no recognition to the employee for their work or contribution toward the company will also a big negative factor for any individual employee. This will bring very few opportunities to grow in the company for those who are the high performers in the company. Doing all this thing will make the employee feel insecure about their contribution to the company; it will arise the feeling that his contribution doesn't matter. Besides all these things, not giving attention to the new innovation will also come under the negative factor of employee's experience. It will create a monotonous work environment where there is no place for any kind of new innovative idea. As well as not providing enough freedom for the personality development of the employee will also work as a negative factor in giving the employee's experience.

Conclusion
In conclusion, it can be said that the main reason which motivates people to work is that by doing work they can fulfil all their basic need. As well due to industrialisation and globalisation, work has become a part of life. It discussed all the various reason which motive human to work, and in detail, it can be said that most people work to earn a significant amount of money with which they can get luxury in life. Besides all these, it also studies the employee attitude at work and how this affects the productivity of the certain company, as well as it discussed all the negative and positive factor that decide the employee's experience.

Reference List
Ashford, S.J., Caza, B.B. and Reid, E.M., (2018). From surviving to thriving in the gig economy: A research agenda for individuals in the new world of work. Research in Organisational Behavior, 38, pp.23-41.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Brianna_Caza/publication/329350813_From_
surviving_to_thriving_in_the_gig_economy_A_research_agenda_for_individuals_in_
the_new_world_of_work/links/5db9ccab299bf1a47b025420/From-surviving-to-thriving-in-the-gig-economy-A-research-agenda-for-individuals-in-the-new-world-of-work.pdf

Dubin, R., (2017). The world of work: Industrial society and human relations. Taylor & Francis.https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=UzYlDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=WORLD+OF+WORK&ots=YOh
qINbTo5&sig=U4iAp7uFqbeFociZ3GgY__Mik4A

Jackson, D. and Bridgstock, R., (2018). Evidencing student success in the contemporary world-of-work: Renewing our thinking. Higher Education Research & Development, 37(5), pp.984-998.https://eprints.qut.edu.au/116910/2/__qut.edu.au_Documents_StaffHome_Staff
GroupK%24_knightdb_Desktop_Defining%2520student%2520success%2520final%
2520accepted%5B1%5D.pdf

King, C., Murillo, E. and Lee, H., (2017). The effects of generational work values on employee brand attitude and behavior: A multi-group analysis. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 66, pp.92-105.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Enrique_Murillo2/publication/318848718_
The_effects_of_generational_work_values_on_employee_brand_attitude_and_behavior
_A_multi-group_analysis/links/5aaa81b1aca272d39cd78ffd/The-effects-of-generational-work-values-on-employee-brand-attitude-and-behavior-A-multi-group-analysis.pdf

Morgan, J., (2017). The employee experience advantage: How to win the war for talent by giving employees the workspaces they want, the tools they need, and a culture they can celebrate. John Wiley & Sons.https://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=nT5GDgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR13&dq=employee%E2%80%99s+experience
&ots=xmQfEGCjjE&sig=lEhqRdfbddCHStJFU-X2HAKuA3I

Olusadum, N.J. and Anulika, N.J., (2018). Impact of Motivation on Employee Performance: A Study of Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Eduaction. sigma, 1, p.1.https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5b75/4442da139595c138ba72a9dfd7cdfd0d7bf8.pdf

Plaskoff, J., (2017). Employee experience: the new human resource management approach. Strategic HR Review.https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/SHR-12-2016-0108/full/html?fullSc=1

Sousa, M.J. and Wilks, D., (2018). Sustainable skills for the world of work in the digital age. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 35(4), pp.399-405.https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/sres.2540

Susskind, D., (2020). A world without work: Technology, automation and how we should respond. Penguin UK.https://www.metrodems.org/s/MDC_September_NewsFinal_2020.pdf

Thokozani, S.B.M., (2017). Strong vs. weak organisational culture: Assessing the impact on employee motivation. Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 7(1), pp.2-5.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Thokozani_Maseko/publication/343152582_Arabian
_Journal_of_Business_and_Management_Review/links/5f195d1d92851cd5fa3ef03a/Arabian-Journal-of-Business-and-Management-Review.pdf

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