Literature Review on Grid Power Micro Renewable Energy Systems

Question

Problem Statement of Assignment 1
Is grid power Micro-generation system feasibly for use as Large power production units?

Answer

Review of the Literature

Bouzidet al. (2014) opined that grid power micro-generation system is one of the best conceptual solution in order to fulfil the commitment of delivering reliable power delivery specially for the large power production unit. As electricity is one of the most demand and needs in human life and decrease of coal is making the renewable resources more important for future power supply (Ruiz-Romero et al. 2014). There are several power sources in the field of renewable energy such as hydro, photovoltaic, wind, etc. that offers emission-free power to the community for future micro-grid system.

Lu, Wang and Lo(2014) cited that electric power system is generating the electrical energy at an acceptable voltage in order to supply the equipment. In the era of microgeneration system, disturbance in current and voltage is still an issue (Bouzidet al. 2015). In order to mitigate this issue, distributed generation is introduced. In distributed generation, the severity of voltage and current is depending on the interconnection configuration and power converter. Several efforts have been completed to increase the power severity and reliability of microgeneration system and reducing the frequency if fluctuations.

Hosseinzadeh and Salmasi(2015) defined that micro-generation system is working as grid-connected generation with maximum rating of 11 Kilo Watt during the time of 3 phase distribution grid. (Lu, Wang and Lo 2014). It is to be identified that micro-generation system is referring to the small-scale system that helps in generating electricity for the domestic dwellings. Changes in electricity policy, as well as technology of power generation system, is prompting the emergence of micro power generation system with renewable energy for the combination of heat and power. Bouzidet al. (2015) opined that microgeneration is seeming the bold step in decentralizing the power distribution where it is the commencing factor of reducing fuel poverty. Simultaneously, increasing the rate of power generation from renewable resources or carbon resources. Apart from that, majority of microgeneration system is tending to be more eco-friendly in terms of operation because it is allowing in getting power from the renewable or carbon resources like wind, water, sunlight, etc. Side by side, microgeneration system also impacting on the manufacturing industry where it is helping in developing system that are inevitably better in relation to environment.

(Hosseinzadeh and Salmasi 2015). The qualities of a smaller scale grid framework rely upon the size and nature of the accessibility of the essential vitality assets on the site.Subsequently, taking a micro-generation system is the better way to deal with examine the smaller scale power system issues as opposed to expecting or taking a theoretical framework (Hosseinzadeh and Salmasi 2015). The target of this exploration is to examine the system that contains sustainable power age units in Newfoundland. For example, control, control adjust systems, operation, assurance and capacity procedures contrast starting with one small-scale matrix then onto the next. The main reason is the incorporation of high number of appropriated control age units are closing to the electrical burdens. The nature and size of the smaller scale age units, and accessibility of essential vitality hotspots for inexhaustible power age units (Ruiz-Romero et al. 2014).

Circulated PV system is associated with the matrix that is introduced to outfit vitality to a particular buyer or straightforwardly to the network. It is demonstrating the expenditure of unwavering quality of microgeneration system. Apart from that, new principles demonstrate that the association issues may emerge later on and control quality issue which are relied upon increase of power generation in microgrid system (Bhandari et al. 2014). Estimations demonstrated that the PV inverters, under a few conditions, turned off, unfortunately, or surpass the symphonies control.

The solar-based photovoltaic innovation directly changes over sun-powered energy into electrical energy and create photovoltaic impact of semiconductor material. Photovoltaic power system is partitioned into isolated photovoltaic system where a network associated with photovoltaic framework. Photovoltaic power generation system commonly utilizes two power converters (Lu, Wang and Lo 2014). The first is the DC/DC converter that is utilizing boost advance up circuit to accomplish the change of sun-powered produce voltage where photovoltaic exhibits most extreme power point by following (MPPT) control. The second one is utilized to change over the immediate current into rotating current by voltage source inverter to the utility matrix. In this way the inverter controls the DC steady voltage and information sources receptive energy of the utility matrix.
At exhibit the greatest obstacle of photovoltaic age is the high cost of sun oriented cells, which represents more than 60% the cost of the entire sun-powered photovoltaic power generation system. Therefore, the sun-powered cell research such highlights as sloppy value, high proficiency, high dependability, high soundness, long lifetime that has turned into the world's core interest (Bouzidet al. 2015). The focal point of photovoltaic system is moved bit by bit to parts research and framework advancement for matrix that associated photovoltaic age framework, for example, matrix associated inverter, BIPV, vast scale network associated photovoltaic station. In this way, the program of microgeneration system is following frameworks of photovoltaic exhibits.

Micro-grid is a little appropriation form which is made out of Distribution Generation(DG), stack, conveyed capacity, control transformation gear and control framework, It is also adaptable vitality administration for a micro-generation system(Hosseinzadeh and Salmasi 2015).Distribution Generation in diminished scale includes a mixture of vitality shapes, for example, photovoltaic, wind control, small-scale gas turbines and CCHP (joined icy warmth and power). Micro Generation system in smaller scale framework can be associated with the utility matrix directly, or through power electronic converter gadget (Lu, Wang and Lo 2014). It can supply electric energy to the nearby load and input surplus electric energy to the utility matrix. Through vitality administration can change the vintage warmth or icy vitality of microgrid to meet client requests.

Selection of Qualitative Approach
I will select qualitative approach for this assignment because there are very less data available and I need to conduct this research individually by incorporating new information. I will incorporate data by using he measuring instrument. Here, I will not conduct any survey or interview because it will not suit my research work. Also, my research will be very high structure in nature. Therefore, the factors will not dedicate at a low level of structure.?
Reference List
Bhandari, B., Lee, K.T., Lee, C.S., Song, C.K., Maskey, R.K. and Ahn, S.H., 2014. A novel off-grid hybrid power system comprised of solar photovoltaic, wind, and hydro energy sources. Applied Energy, 133, pp.236-242.
Bouzid, A.M., Guerrero, J.M., Cheriti, A., Bouhamida, M., Sicard, P. and Benghanem, M., 2015. A survey on control of electric power distributed generation systems for microgrid applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 44, pp.751-766.
Hosseinzadeh, M. and Salmasi, F.R., 2015. Power management of an isolated hybrid AC/DC micro-grid with fuzzy control of battery banks. IET Renewable Power Generation, 9(5), pp.484-493.
Hosseinzadeh, M. and Salmasi, F.R., 2015. Robust optimal power management system for a hybrid AC/DC micro-grid. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 6(3), pp.675-687
Lu, S.Y., Wang, L. and Lo, T.M., 2014, October. Integration of wind-power and wave-power generation systems using a DC micro grid. In Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, 2014 IEEE (pp. 1-8). IEEE.
Ruiz-Romero, S., Colmenar-Santos, A., Mur-Pérez, F. and López-Rey, Á., 2014. Integration of distributed generation in the power distribution network: The need for smart grid control systems, communication and equipment for a smart city—Use cases. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 38, pp.223-234.

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