IT Research Project: Significance of Electronic Health Record System
The purpose of this assessment is to enable students to demonstrate a critical awareness of previous research in an IT context within a chosen topic area through a basic understanding of research theory and techniques. It requires clear communication of ideas in a professional manner so that the reader can easily understand the purpose and results of your research. Overall goals of this assignment are to help you to:
- Become more knowledgeable about finding and using varied research sources in your chosen area in IT.
- Further develop your critical thinking skills and back up your points with evidence.
- Become more adept at synthesizing information and developing informed views.
- Discipline yourself to follow a scholarly research format to document in-text sources and a references page (bibliography).
- Compose a well-organized, clear, concise, research proposal to expand your knowledge on a research question in your chosen area.
Electronic health record system is becoming increasingly popular as it helps in reducing the efforts of the employees to search for information of the patient. With the help of the digitalized health record system the efforts of the employees recruited in the companies are drastically reduced and this is the reason why the electronic health record system is gaining popularity. In the earlier days, there was a problem regarding getting the information of a specific patient instantly. This report also highlights how the advancements of communication technologies have improved the condition. In addition to this, this report also elaborate on how these technologies are related to the theories and philosophies for making the company successful and implementing and adapting the innovation. There are also mentions of the applied and pure research methods of the research which have been selected for conducting this report. All the chronological steps used in the research are mentioned in this report. In addition to this, non-experimental research design has been selected for conducting this research. Finally, this report has been concluded by the elaborating the implication of the research topic and by discussing the future scope of the electronic health record system.
Electronic health record system is referred to as the digitalized version of the record system which can be used for storing the patient’s paper charts. In addition to this, it has been found that the electronic record system is also used as the real-time record which is related to the patient-centeredness, which makes the data instantly and securely available to all the authorized users. Furthermore, it has been identified the electronic system of health record is used in the current digitalized age for recording patient's data in an easier way.
Research aim: The aim of this report is to find the significant role of the electronic system for recording health status in the current digitalized age.
- To determine the methodologies used in the investigation of the project
- To identify the method of data collection
- To determine the selected survey design
Research questions:This report focuses on answering some of the very important questions that are related to the research done during the conduction of this report:
- What is the role played by the IT research for success and innovation of the organization?
- What is the advanced communication theories used in the organization?
- What are the IT research philosophies that match the organizational approach?
- What are the methodologies used in IT research projects? [Refer to Appendix 1]
Rationale: The rationale of the report lies in answering the research question this report also highlights the research methodologies that are used during the investigation of the projects. Finally, the report has been concluded with the discussion of the future scope of the electronic record system and the implication of it. The thesis statement of this research reflects the roles played by the electronic system for recording health status in the current digitalized age and the benefits of using such a system to the society.
2. Literature Review
2.1. Role played by the IT research for the innovation and the success of the organization
As influenced by the idea of Medhora et al. (2018), it can be said that IT research nowadays is considered as one of the most important aspects of any company or organization for building competitive advantage by the development of the most effective process and procedures for the customers that the company deals with. It has been identified that in an organization or a company both managers and the academic researchers are paying more attention to the IT research for the bringing in the innovation and the success of the company. Researchers are extremely thoughtful about the researches that can be conducted for implementing innovation and making the company successful in the coming. In reference to the context of Medhora et al. (2018), it can be said that the there are many external factors related to the IT research that mainly focuses on representing the impacts of the innovation on the company or organization. On the other hand, there are some implementing innovation and making the company successful, which concentrate on analyzing the corporate culture, business strategy, collaborations of the team and the technological capability of the company. As opined by Langset, Jacobsen & Haugsbakken (2018), it can be said that as both the internal and the external factors are looked after and taken care of by the researchers during the IT research, it makes the company stronger for all the unknown threats that it might face in the , market. Therefore, it can be said by looking after both the internal and the external factors, IT research plays a significant role in making the company implement innovation and thereby making it successful.
2.2. Advanced theories of communication
Organizational communication is the method which can be used for promoting coordinated action towards common goal by the help of social interaction and the language. As influenced by the idea of Larrondo Ureta & Peña Fernández (2018), it can be said that organizational communication theories are the theories that are developed by the researchers for describing and accounting for the type of the communication that takes place in an organization and how it helps in shaping the business strategy of the organization. It can be said that there are certain guidelines and rules that a company follows for developing the desired communication structure within the organization. In addition to this, it has been identified that these rules and guidelines have to be chosen by the company in a very conscious manner for determining the culture of the company. As randomly selected rules and guidelines may result in less effective communication structure. This section of the report will focus on the advanced communication theories that are used in the organization:
Critical Theory: As influenced by the idea of Liu (2017), it can be said that conflict is the general condition of an organization and it has been often observed that employees resist departments and managers to compete for influence and budget. In addition to this, it has been also been observed that the upper management always try hard to motivate employees and lower management and they, in turn, lose motivation. In reference to the context of Liu (2017), it can be said that communication in accordance with this theory takes the role of the giving solution to the conflicts and also help in mitigating the issues among the people groups. In addition to this, this theory also helps in encouraging the employees for doing more and giving direction for unifying the workforce under a specific goal of the company.
Information theory: In reference to the context of Liu (2017), it can be said that information theory always focuses on moving the information from within an organization with fewer mistakes. In addition to this, it can be said that the information theory focuses on fixing the messages that cannot be altered and moreover, there is also the need of the putting measure in the correct place for confirming the accuracy of the communication. As stated by Liu (2017), it can be implied that the information theory helps in more accountable message recipient that the sender of the final status of the communication.
Post positive Theory: Post positive communication theory allows an organization to treat the order as the natural status of any company or an organization. As influenced by the idea of Liu (2017), it can be said that it makes the company treat misunderstanding, conflicts, and insubordination as unacceptable occurrences by assuming order as the natural condition of the company. Post positive theory helps in designing messages for keeping people obey all the rules and work together efficiently and smoothly.
Groupware Theory: As influenced by the idea of Liu (2017), it can be stated that the groupware theory can be described as old lien of communication can be changed along with the technological advancements and the employees can communicate with each other more rapidly through digitalized devices and can spread the message even before the management wants it.
2.3. IT research philosophies matching organization approaches
IT research philosophies are the philosophies that are used in research methodology are considered as one of the extremely vital aspects of the research methodology. As stated by Maalsen (2018), it can be implied that research philosophies can be categorized as ontology, epistemology, and axiology. In addition to this, it can be said that among the three IT research philosophies, in this research which is related to the significant role played by the electronic health record system, the philosophy of positivism is selected. As influenced by the idea of Maalsen (2018), it can be said that the natural scientist’s philosophical approach is noticed in positivism as the work of natural scientist is dependent on observable entity of social. In addition to this, it has been observed that the strategy of the research is based on hypothesis development and data collection methods. These hypotheses will, in turn, be examined and confirmed for further research in the industry. As influenced by the idea of Sourbati (2016), it can be said that one of the significant features of the positivism is that researchers strictly follows structured methodologies for facilitating the hypothesis. Moreover, it has also been observed that positivism works on observations that are quantifiable and the statistical analysis is done based on the observations. The researchers cannot manipulate during the collection of the data as all the data are independent of the subject of the research. In this case of the electronic health record system, patient's data are collected in the digitalized format and this made the information easily accessible to the authentic person related to the company or the organization. In reference to the context of Ramaswamy & Ozcan (2018), it can be said that the data collected as the patient’s chart can never be manipulated and are stored securely in the system of the organization. In addition to this, depending on the records stored by the company, the employees are paid their medical bills. Positivism tests the hypothesis and the results are confirmed by the researchers for the development of the theory. As influenced by the idea of Ramaswamy & Ozcan (2018), it can be said that there is some specific software that is used in accordance with the philosophies of positivism for the recording the medical data of the patient's electronically. Some of the software is:
Advance MD: This is as integrated medical software used for independent practice and it includes electronic health records, engagement of the patients, telemedicines and many more.
2.4. Methods used in the organizational IT research projects
As influenced by the idea of Sourbati (2016), it can be said that research can be defined as the process that methodically and scientifically delves into the unknown for providing information for solving problems. In the current condition of the society, there are much technological advancement and the IT departments of all the company are taking up many new types of research to find out the solution to various problems. In addition to this, it can be said that the heart of the definition of the research is concepts behind solving complex problems. In reference to the context of Jensen (2015), it can be said that both the methods of applied research and pure research hare used in the IT research projects and these methods are very much useful in solving problems. It has been observed that in applied research researcher attempts to solve the problems that are known and answers to some very specific question. As stated by Krzywdzinski, Jürgens & Pfeiffer (2016), it can be said that the applied research concentrates on solving practical problems. On the contrary, pure research or which is also known as basic research helps in increasing the knowledge and probing into the unknown. As opined by Krzywdzinski, Jürgens & Pfeiffer (2016), it can be firmly stated that pure research does not actually answer to the specific problem. Furthermore, along with the research methods, there is a certain process used in the IT research projects and this process follows various chronological steps. As influenced by the idea of Krzywdzinski, Jürgens & Pfeiffer (2016), it can be said that in the IT research projects it is not necessary to finish the previous step before the start of the next step. In addition to this, it can be said that the method of the research is very vigorous and the steps can be altered as the research progresses in accordance with the need of the project. Some of the very basic steps followed in the research process are:
- Definition of the research question or problem
- Writing the research proposal
- Developing the research design
- Collection of data
- Selection of procedure and analyzing data
- Writing the research report
After the research methods and research designs, it can be said that the next step involved in the IT research projects is the selection of the research design. Two types of research design are there, that is mainly followed in any type of research projects. The tow designs of the research project are namely non-experimental and experimental. This report is related to the topic of significant roles played by the electronic system of health record in the current digitalized age, non experimental or the ex-post-facto design has been selected. In reference to the context of Jensen (2015), it can be said that in the non-experimental design of the research, the researchers do not have the authority of changing any independent variable. As in this case, the patient's health chart cannot be manipulated so it can be said that the non-experimental design of research has been followed. As influenced by the idea of Sourbati (2016), it can be said that there are two major non-experimental design of this particular format and they are surveys and field studies. Field studies combine analysis of different case studies and literature reviews. In addition to this, it can be said that literature review has focused on the previous writings and research on the electronic health record system and the present information of the topic is summarized and at last, the value of the current problem is assessed. And on the other hand, survey includes survey instruments or questionnaire, which helps in measuring the magnitude of the desired variable and also the interrelation of the variables. [Refer to Appendix 2]
3. Methodology used in the investigation of the report
In reference to the context of Jensen (2015), it can be said that investigation of the report will be done on the basis of the data collected during the conduction of the research for writing this report. In addition to this, it can be said that collection of data is the method of collecting specific information, which is utilized for giving answers to specific question in the research paper. Furthermore, it can be said that there are many issues that are related to the collection of the data and this includes the utilization of the primary and the secondary data, sampling, survey design, administration and increased rates of responses. In this case, secondary data collection method is used. As influenced by the idea of Jensen (2015), it can be said that in this case secondary data will be used for having an idea of the background information of the electronic system of health record of the patient's health chart. In addition to this, it can also be said that that data are collected from various sources like online articles, journals books and websites for answering the research questions associated with the research topic. In addition to this, it can be said that as in the current situation there are many readily available sources for collecting the data. Therefore, it will be the duty of the researchers to search for all the related information, analyze them and then only start writing the report. In addition to this, it can be said that as the data are available in many of the online sites, therefore it will the duty of the researchers to examine the authenticity of information and then only include the information in the research report. All the information used in this report will be examined consciously and then only used in this report (Academia.edu, 2019).
4. Discussion and implication of the research
Ethical consideration: As influenced by the idea of Sourbati (2016), this can be said that electronic system of health record is the system that helps in storing patient’s data in a more efficient way, which can be provided to the patient as and when needed. In addition to this, it can be said that the with the help of the implementation of the artificial intelligence in the electronic health record system it has become very easy to synthesize data from the electronic file of patient’s along with the medical history for offering the options for optimal care.
Possible outcomes: In addition to this, this report focuses on the advanced communication theories used in the organization for the innovation and success of the organization. Furthermore, the philosophies that are used in this research are extremely helpful for mitigating employee conflicts and make them work together. Research methodologies, steps, and research designs are very carefully selected so that it matches with the organizational approach that is being followed in this report
Potential impact: This implies that with the increasing use of the different advanced methods of communication in the organization, there will be more frequent communication among the employees. This will, in turn, lead to the mitigation of the communication among the employees and result in employees working together in an efficient manner (Healthit.gov, 2019).
After analyzing the entire report it could be concluded that electronic health record system is becoming increasing popular in the current digitalized age along with the advancements of the technologies. In addition to this, this could be concluded that the use of the electronic health record system with the technologically advanced communication system is making the business operation of the company easier. In addition to this, it can also be implied after analyzing the entire report that the future of the companies can become brighter if they keep moving along with the advancement of the technologies and start adapting them whole heartedly. IT Research Project assignments are being prepared by our IT assignment help experts from top universities which let us to provide you a reliable assignment help service.
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Healthit.gov (2019) About electronic health records Retrieved on: 21.05.2019 Retrieved from: https://www.healthit.gov/faq/what-electronic-health-record-ehr
Appendix 1: Electronic health record
Appendix 2: Non experimental research design