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Human Resource Management Assignment on Electrical Industry Practices

Question

Assessment Task:You are required to compile an Annotated bibliography of 5 peer-reviewed journal articles.

Step 1. Select an industry sector
Read the Assessment 3 Essay task and identify which sector you will study for Assessments 2 and 3 (e.g. agriculture; construction; financial services; health care; hospitality; manufacturing; mining; retail; transport).

Step 2. Undertake research of the recent academic literature since 2013.
Identify five (5) academic peer reviewed journal articles relevant to the Assessment 3 Essay topic. It is suggested that you align your selected articles with the unit themes from Weeks 3 to 5 (e.g. job design, HR planning, recruitment and selection). It is recommended that you undertake your research via the online ‘search’ of CQUniversity Library. You cannot use articles from your Assessment 1 presentation for Assessment 2.

Step 3. Write 2 paragraphs on each article (400 words)
For each journal article, you are to write approximately 400 words in two paragraphs. The first paragraph will summarise the main ideas of the article, identifying the hypothesis, purpose, research methodology and conclusions. The second paragraph will identify how you will use that article in relation to the Assessment 3 Essay.

Step 4. Use an appropriate format
Present your Annotated bibliography in a format similar to that provided below. For more information, see the library guide for writing an annotated bibliography. http://libguides.library.cqu.edu.au/ld.php?content_id=37972692

Answer

Introduction
Human resource management is a significant part of a successful business organization. The roles and responsibilities of the human resource department are vital for development and growth of the industry. For this study the researcher will be analysing five peer reviewed journals regarding the practices and different functions of the HRM department and provide a critical view about how the findings of these studies will help in analysing the HRM practices of electrical sector. The different strategies and policies of the Human Resource Department of different business organizations will be explored in a detailed manner.

Article 1
Reference: Mwaniki, R., & Gathenya, J. (2015). Role of human resource management functions on organizational performance with reference to Kenya power & lighting company–Nairobi west region. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 1(5), 432-448.

Key words: High-Performance Management, Human Resources, Recruitment and Selection, Organizational Performance, Performance Contracting.

Para 1
Human resource management is an important asset of an organization as it helps the organization to achieve success through people. It is observed that Kenya Power desires flexibility and sustained performance for their organization. In order to improve their business they have engaged 11,000 human capitals that have the responsibility of ensuring that their consumers are receiving adequate supply of electricity and are satisfied with their services. This study is focused on understanding the role of Human Resource Department in the selection and recruitment of skilled candidates for the firm so that the company’s performance is increased.

Hypothesis 1: Recruitment and selection processes do not influence the performance and business of an organization

Hypothesis 2: Performance contracting do not influence the organizational performance

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyse the role of human resource in the overall organizational performance of Kenya power.

Research methodology: Study descriptive survey was conducted including both quantitative and qualitative data collection method in order to gather accurate data for the study. The employees of the 12 departments of Kenya power were considered for survey. 914 employees were taken as respondents or target population. In order to improve the quality of the study both primary as well as secondary data was collected. In addition, Cronbach’s Alpha reliability test was applied as a technique to measure the internal consistency of the constructs.

Conclusion: As per the study it was revealed that the functions of HRM department such as selection and recruitment, performance contracting, training and development, rewarding policy and more played significant role in increasing the organizational performance of Kenya power. It was observed that reduction in power outages helped in increasing the customer base of the organizational and assisted in increasing the revenue levels. In order to keep improving the organizational efficiency and performance the firm is required to keep upgrading and improving their human resource department.

Para 2:The findings of this study will assist me in studying the electrical sector, as I will be able to explore the HRM practices prevailing in electrical sector in a detailed manner. I will be able to gain information regarding the policies and strategies that are used by the HRM of electrical sector and this will help me in outlining the different strategies and their impact on the employee and performance of the organization. The findings of this study will help me in analysing the recruitment cycle of the electrical sector and provide me with an idea on how the employees of electrical sectors are trained for their responsibilities. This will help me in gaining detailed information regarding different HRM practices and I can analyse the most effective and useful strategies that helps in employee motivation and management. ?

Article 2
Reference: Munkhtsetseg, G. (2015). Human Resource Management Practices of Japanese Companies in Mongolia.

Key words: Challenges in Human Resource challenges, Japanese affiliates

Para 1
Increase in global business has provided developed countries with an opportunity of enhancing their economy by expanding their business to different countries of the world. In this study, the Japanese affiliates in Mongolia have transferred their human resource practice to the local employees. This study will explore the challenges encountered by the management while conveying the Japanese management to the local employees

Hypothesis 1: Changing human resource practices of a country can influence the business performance of the company.

Hypothesis 2: Adopting Japanese management can increase the business subsidiaries performance in Mongolia.

Purpose: This study is dedicated to understand the challenges faced by the human resource department of Japanese subsidiaries in conveying the Japanese management techniques to the local.

Research methodology: Qualitative data collection method was adopted in order to gather information regarding the research topic. The researcher conducted Skype interview with two HR managers of the company in order to gain their opinion and experience of the entire process.

Conclusion: The study showed that cultural difference could have serve impact on the management of a firm. Due to vast cultural and economical difference, it was hard for the Mongolian citizens to adopt the Japanese management style and the HRM department faced a number of issues while training the employees. However, with continuous effort the firm was able to adopt certain Japanese HRM practices such as welfare programs, intensive training and bonuses, job rotation, internal promotion and more in an efficient manner.

Para 2
The finding of this study helped me in understanding the major difficulties and challenges faced by the HRM departments. These findings will help me in exploring the cultural diversity within the electrical sector. The methods used by the HRM in managing employees of different culture will help me in increasing my knowledge regarding the practices of HRM.

Reference: Atambo, W. N., & Momanyi, D. K. (2016). Effects of Internal Communication on Employee Performance: A Case Study of Kenya Power and Lighting Company, South Nyanza Region, Kenya. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 2(5).

Key words: Employee performance, internal communication, Kenya

Para 1
Although the technology in the business world is advancing at a rapid rate, the problem if ineffective communication continues at the business organization. Ineffective communication leads to poor performance of the firma and strained interpersonal relations among the employees. This study explores the impact of inefficient communication on the employees and business performance of Kenya eclectic Power Company. Communication is a vital aspect as it helps in sharing information and building strong employee relation.

Hypothesis 1: Communication does not play any significant role in the growth and development of business organization.

Hypothesis 2: Ineffective communication can hamper the business and employee relation of an organization.

Purpose: The main objective of this study is to explore the importance of effective communication for the employee relation and development of Electricity Company of Kenya.

Research methodology: Primary research was conducted for the study. Data was collected with the help of 256 employees working for the Electric and Lighting Company in Kenya. The stratified random sampling technique was used. The data collected from the research was processed, coded and analyzed with the help of computer based Statistical Package for Social Sciences.

Conclusion: Effective communication helps in timely delivery of information and work coordination of the company is enhanced. The management is able to provide important instructions to their employees and the employees are able to voice out their ideas and opinions in order to increase the business of the firm. The management is able to provide as well as receive necessary feedback from their employee and consumers and are able to improve their performance and services.

Para 2
The findings of this study are very helpful as it allowed me to gain information regarding the importance of effective communication within the business organization. While analysing the human resource strategies that are used by the human resource managers for managing the employees in electrical sector I will try to observe the stress they lay on the communication system of their company. The strategies used by human resource department in order to improve the communication within their origination are significant for the development of the firm. There human resource of electrical sector should try to come up with policies that will assist them in improving the communications standards of their firm.

Article 4
Reference: Kasyoki, F. K., & George, G. E. (2013). Analysis of Performance Management on Employee Motivation: A case of Kenya Electricity Generating Company Limited. Analysis, 5(21).

Key words: Kenya, Performance management, Employee motivation at KenGen Company

Para 1
Organizational success and development is dependent on the alignment of departmental and organizational objectives. KenGen has implemented performance management system within their departments. This study is focused on understanding whether the performance management system is effective in improving the performance level of the organization and has assisted in accomplishing all their goals and objectives. The impact of management system on employee motivation is one of the most important factors that is considered by the researcher in this study

Hypothesis 1: Performance Management System is beneficial for employee motivation

Hypothesis 2: Performance Management System is beneficial only for measuring the departmental qualities such as speed, cost time, morals.

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to understand the relationship of performance management in motivating the workforce of KenGen.

Research methodology: This study adopted a descriptive survey design. The employees of Kenya Electricity Generating Company were considered for the survey. This helped in ensuring that the information gathered are accurate and genuine. The sample size for the survey was 274 employees who have been working for the company for around 1 year. A questionnaire consisting of relevant questions were developed and Statistical Package for Social Science was utilized in order to develop frequencies that helped in generating the conclusion for the study.

Conclusion: The study concluded that performance management helps in employee motivation. This method helped in employee appraisal, all the staffs were allocated salaries and remunerations as per their performance. Therefore, employees put their best in order to gain remuneration and recognition. The system was statistically significant with the work environment of the employees and the employees reported it helped in motivating them in working towards the desired target of the company.

Para 2
The findings of this study helped in understanding the concept and contribution of performance management system for motivating and encouraging the employees. These finding will help me in understanding the factors that are used to motivate employees of electrical sector. I will be able to analyse the impact of those factors and compare it with the results for performance management system. This comparison will help me in gaining information regarding the effectiveness of techniques that are used by the HRs to motivate their employees to improve their performance. This will also evaluate my knowledge regarding the different situation within the electrical sector in which different techniques can be applied to improve the performance of the company.

Article 5
Reference: onyango, f. A. (2016). Alignment of human resource management practices to business strategy at kenya power & lighting company limited (doctoral dissertation, university of nairobi).

Key words: Human Resource Practices, employee motivation

Para 1
Human resource management functions are important for the human capital of a business organization. They help in development, resourcing and welfare of the employees. The alignment of these practices with the business objectives of is important for the success of the firm. This study considers the case of Kenya Power Limited in order to understand the different practices of the human resource department in achieving the organizational objectives.

Hypothesis 1: Human resource practices do not influence the business activities of the Kenya Power Limited

Hypothesis 2: Human resource practices assist in increasing the productivity of Kenya Power Limited

Purpose: This study helps in analysing the importance of aligning the human resource practices with the business objectives of Kenya Power Limited.

Research methodology: In order to collect data for the study primary data collection method was implemented and self-determined questions were used for surveying 95 employees of the firm. The study made use of standard deviation, mean, percentage, frequency distribution in order to analyse the collected data.

Conclusion: The study revealed that the human resource practice of Kenya Power Limited was moderately aligned with the objectives of the firm. In order to motivate and ecourage, the employees to perform better the HR makes use of performance appraisal strategies. The training program of the company is based on the job responsibility of the employees so that they are able to conduct their behaviour as per the requirement of their job.

Para 2
The findings of this study helped me in gaining idea regarding the strategies used by the HR of Kenya Power Limited in order to motivate their employees to improve their performance. While analysing the electrical sector I will ensure to pay attention towards the different strategies that help the HRs in encouraging their employees. This will allow me in understanding how different approaches can be implemented to the employees in order to motivate them. It will also provide me an idea regarding the strategies that help in motivating employees in electrical sector.

Conclusion
The study helped in evaluating about the different practices and strategies that are used by Human Resource Departments in order to encourage and motivate their employees to work towards the target of the firm. The importance of effective communication for the success of a business organization have been analysed in this study. There are a number of challenges and difficulties faced by the human resource department while training their employees and educating them regarding their job responsibilities. The learner will be able to gain detailed information regarding the significance of human resource practices within the electrical business sector.

Reference List
Atambo, W. N., & Momanyi, D. K. (2016). Effects of Internal Communication on Employee Performance: A Case Study of Kenya Power and Lighting Company, South Nyanza Region, Kenya. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 2(5).

Kasyoki, F. K., & George, G. E. (2013). Analysis of Performance Management on Employee Motivation: A case of Kenya Electricity Generating Company Limited. Analysis, 5(21).

Munkhtsetseg, G. (2015). Human Resource Management Practices of Japanese Companies in Mongolia.

Mwaniki, R., & Gathenya, J. (2015). Role of human resource management functions on organizational performance with reference to Kenya power & lighting company–Nairobi west region. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 1(5), 432-448.

Onyango, f. A. (2016). Alignment of human resource management practices to business strategy at kenya power & lighting company limited (doctoral dissertation, university of nairobi).

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