HIV transmission assignment – Guidance for pregnant HIV positive mother
Task: How can nurses advise Pregnant HIV positive mother using HIV transmission assignment guidance techniques?
This HIV transmission assignment intend to provide clear guidelines on how nurses can advice pregnant HIV positive mothers. Human immunodeficiency virus has been one of the reasons for concern of people across the globe since it has taken the form of epidemic. As observed from the discussion of Goldie et al., (149), the HIV/AIDS epidemic began in 1981. It became an epidemic and a public health issue as per the observation of the World Health Organisation since the virus has killed more than 40 million people across the globe. This assignment is based on critical discussion of aspects connected with HIV infection and infants from the course material. The discussion is as follows.
ThisHIV transmission assignmentshows that taking precautions for HIV during pregnancy is extremely important as Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a transmittable disease from mother to child. The emphasis has been placed on establishing proper parental care with each pregnancy; every woman should be tested for HIV during the pregnancy. Suppose the mother is found to be HIV positive. In that case, it is likely to get transmitted to the child (Vijayan et al., 58). This is similar to the findings of Beyene et al., (4), who have stated that testing the infection status with the help of nucleic acid test (NAT) is vital in this regard. As noted from the author's discussion, it has been detected that the prism exclusion for HIV infection for infants is non-breastfed. Hence, from this HIV transmission assignment, it can be stated that emphasis on precautions and HIV tests should be given for pregnant women in order to prevent HIV infection among infants. As per the data of Yang et al., (10), infection of HIV among infants is positive for 95% of them whose mother or HIV positive emphasises the issue's prevalence. In addition, 77.1% of mothers across the globe between the age 25-35 are HIV positive as reflected in UNICEF statistics.
As Vijayan et al., (58), approximately 5000 women in the United States are found to be living with HIV and giving birth to HIV-positive children every year. It has also been evaluated that across the five states Florida, Maryland, Texas, Louisiana and Georgia, 38% of infants were recorded to be born with infection of HIV within the United States in 2016. Vijayan et al., (58), and Beyene et al., (10), have focused on antenatal testing to test and treat pregnant women having HIV to reduce the vertical transmission rate. Perinatal transmission for human immunodeficiency virus can occur during pregnancy, labour, as well as delivery and can be an excellent risk for breastfeeding infants. Due to this, the author has given importance to managing and treating infants born from HIV-positive mothers soon after delivery (Irshad et al., 2022).
From the HIV transmission assignmentAnalyses of latest discoveries, it has been observed that only 4 weeks of ZDV prophylaxis among infants are likely to have virology suppression during the span of pregnancy and near the time of delivery and or not likely to raise any concern related to antiretroviral adherence. As opined by Irshad et al., (2022), specific measures must be taken into account to treat in fans with proper medical standards such as giving proper medication measures to infants, preferably within 6 hours of delivery to prevent them from prenatal transmission of HIV which is mother to child transmission of the virus. With the help of these preventive measures, antiretroviral prophylaxis can be beneficial for preventing other diseases like hepatitis B and C, Zika virus, tuberculosis, herpes and more among infants. The American academy of paediatrics Skyline for managing infant exposure to HIV has clearly demonstrated that proper food and controlling the centre of disease should be considered as a recommendation to prevent HIV infection among infants (Yang et al., 10). Hence, by analysing the HIV transmission assignmentarticle, it has been understood the protection from HIV is crucial for infants.It can be said that the article gave good information regarding the topic, but incorporation of mental health issues among pregnant women with HIV could have elevated the scope of this article.
In order to summarise the discussion, it is essential to state that HIV has undoubtedly become one of the most talked about healthcare concerns across the globe. This HIV transmission assignmentconcluides that HIV in France is among which should be prevented with appropriate strategies before and soon after the birth of children.
Beyene, Girma Alemayehu, Lelisa SenaDadi, and Solomon Berhanu Mogas. "Determinants of HIV infection among children born to mothers on prevention of mother to child transmission program of HIV in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a case-control study." BMC infectious diseases 18.1 (2018): 1-10.HIV transmission assignment
Goldie, Robyn L. Salter, Dale J. Dematteo, and Susan M. King. "Children born to mothers with HIV/AIDS: Family psycho-social issues." The Impact of AIDS Psychological and Social Aspects of HIV Infection. Routledge, 2020. 149-158. Irshad, U., Mahdy, H., &Tonismae, T. (2022). HIV in pregnancy. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing. Vijayan, Vini, Fouzia Naeem, and Angela F. Veesenmeyer. "Management of Infants Born to Mothers with HIV Infection." American Family Physician 104.1 (2021): 58-62.
Yang, Nan, et al. "Breastfeeding of infants born to mothers with COVID-19: a rapid review." Annals of translational medicineHIV transmission assignment8.10 (2020).