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Healthcare Assignment: Population Health Plan For Diabetes In 2770

Question

Task:
Background:
Chronic disease is a major concern in Australia and across the world.

Population ageing, rising disability and complex and co-morbid conditions have profound impacts on people’s lives including individuals, families and communities. They are also expensive to treat and can follow a progressive, episodic pathway to increased frequency and severity, up to and including acute interventions.

Diabetes in 2770:
One of these conditions is diabetes, especially Type 2 diabetes which is growing in prevalence in many communities across Australia. General Practice data indicates rates have been rising, not falling, in recent years.

2770 has a very diverse community with a substantial Indigenous population and immigrant demography with many cultures, languages and cultural backgrounds. It is also, generally speaking, a lower socio-economic environment although urban development is pushing west into the 2770 area, and more medium to high rise apartments are being built.

As health managers involved in clinical services, programs and event-specific projects, this is the kind of scenario you will encounter as you progress in your career. If you work in aged care, disability and related fields, these health problems will often be major factors in your client’s lives.

Healthcare Assignment Task:

  • Use the Population Health Planning template provided to develop a draft diabetes management plan for 2770.
    • Remember this document is not intended as a clinical management plan but a broader plan for managing diabetes more effectively in the 2770 postcode.

Answer

Introduction to the theme of healthcare assignment
Healthcare is an area that deals with people’s lives and wellbeing, it is hence necessary for all the healthcare professionals to perform their respective tasks adequately. There is always scope for further improvement which will positively impact the healthcare services for the services users. This report will aim to develop a plan in relation to the management of diabetes in the postcode 2770. Diabetes is considered to be a serious issue is Australia and the severity of the situation demands better and improved interventions. The key aspects associated with providing healthcare services will be identified and hence improvement in terms of quality, risks and cost management will be discussed. The aspect of safety and cost-effectiveness will be a major focus. Further, there will be discussion on how to communicate complex issues with the target audience.

The key imperatives required to meet the health service objectives
Type 2 diabetes is quite common in people across Australia. The prevalence of type 2 Diabetes in Australia is 53 % or 1 million (Aihw.gov.au, 2018). The factors that can be held responsible for the rise in cases of diabetes type 2 needs to be analysed. It has been found that people with comorbid conditions find it challenging to deal with diabetes and the healthcare professionals need to work on addressing these challenges to help them live a normal life. Type 2 diabetes is often referred to as a health condition that creates insulin resistance within the body. In this condition the body fails to use the insulin hormone for the purpose of turning the blood sugar into energy (Contreras & Vehi, 2018). As a result of this the glucose tends to accumulate at higher level in the blood which exposes the individual’s health to danger.

The issue is that people with type 2 diabetes are exposed to the risk of a number of life threatening diseases. Risk factors majorly include different cardiovascular issues. Hence, clinical decision making plays an important role in the process of achieving health service objectives. Patient-centred approach along with evidence based decision making are some of the aspects that contribute towards strengthening the ability of the healthcare professionals to improve their performances. It is considered that patient’s active involvement in all the healthcare decision making approaches has a positive impact on the healthcare procedure. It is hence important for the healthcare professional as well as the patient to be aware of the issues related to the disease (Pawson et al., 2018).

One of the key imperatives associated with dealing with this issue is to enhance awareness among people. It is necessary for the affected people to maintain a healthy lifestyle. However, they need proper guidance in terms of how to maintain a healthy lifestyle that will benefit them in the long run. Failing to maintain a healthy lifestyle will lead them to renal disorder, blindness and cardiovascular disorders (Bailey & Day, 2019). Effective management strategies need to be planned in order to ensure that the individual is protected from these risks in the long run.

Critical evaluation of contemporary strategies to manage quality, cost and risks associated the healthcare environment
The contemporary strategies followed by the healthcare professionals focus on controlling the progression of the disease and protecting the patient from the risks of developing chronic issues. The risks associated with macrovascular and microvascular complications that are related to glycemia are a serious concern among the healthcare professionals (Htet et al., 2020). Apart from lifestyle interventions, the medical approach to control glycemia contributes towards intensifying the therapeutic approach associated with the healthcare procedure. Healthcare professionals in Australia generally focus on training the patients to be able to engage in the process of self-care or they opt for the patient-centred care approach (Rowley et al., 2017).

The healthcare management needs to work towards offering the service users with a quality service that has the efficiency to protect them from all kind of risks in the long run. The objective is to offer the patients treatment that helps control the symptoms associated with diabetes and further helps them to ensure that they are not affected by the risks associated with diabetes type 2. However, on analysing the healthcare system in Australia, there are a number of issues that have been identified. These issues have been listed as follows:

  • Discrimination is a serious issue that still prevails within the system. The prevalence of discrimination however breaks the trust that people have on the healthcare system and hence people will stop approaching the healthcare systems for helpon a national scale (Advani, 2020).
  • Lack of awareness among the general population is a serious issue that makes it challenging for the healthcare professionals to execute their respective tasks. As the patients actively participate in the treatment procedure, hence it is necessary for them to have all the information related to the issue to be able to effectively contribute towards the treatment procedure.
  • People belonging to different communities reside in Australia and hence it creates a significant cultural difference between the healthcare service users and providers. This leads to a number of misunderstandings and conflicts that contributes towards a significant delay in the treatment procedure, which further impacts the health of the concerned individual.
  • It has been observed by Sunaert et al.(2011), that patients hesitate to take medical help because the services offered by the healthcare facilities are highly expensive. Lack of affordable healthcare service options impact the decision of taking professional help which has a significantly negative impact on the patients suffering from diabetes.

The issues that have been identified are serious and needto be addressed at the earliest to contribute towards the effectivity of the healthcare services offered to the people dealing with diabetes type 2 and the above mentioned points are in relevance to tis. The active participation of the healthcare professionals and the service users contribute towards improving the treatment quality. The treatment management of diabetes type 2 needs to be integrated in order to provide the service users with the quality services that will help to gain their trust on the system. It will further help to control the issue of diabetes in Australia. It is important for managers to engage the staff in better methodology and education regarding the same to address the issues.

Improvements in safety, cost-effectiveness and quality within a healthcare organisation
Improvement can be achieved by implementing changes in various fields and ensuring that all the issues that has been identified in the last section has been addressed significantly. The need to improvetreatment of diabetes type 2 is mainly associated with the increasing number cases. Effective management, especially in 2770, will help to impact the treatment approaches and hence will control the risks associated with this disease as well. The stepsthat need to be taken to improve the treatment approach of diabetes type 2 have been listed as follows:

  • The healthcare facilities need to create a flexible system that makes the accessibility of these services easier. It is necessary to set out different diabetes detection centre and diabetes management centres at community level to allow people to take help whenever required. Dedicated centres along with emergency centres need to be set up in 2770 to keep record of all the patients dealing with diabetes in that specific area. This will help to maintain record of the progress of the disease in people affected by diabetes and further will be able to provide them with proper guidelines on how to maintain a healthy lifestyle and control the disease from further progression.
  • The multicultural healthcare service centres will focus on offering systematic assistance to people belonging to different cultural backgrounds and hence will address the barrier that is created due to cultural differences.
  • Awareness camps should be organised on regular basis to enhance awareness among the people residing in 2770. The objective of these awareness camps is to let people know about the risks associated with diabetes and how to engage in the process of self-management when one is affected by diabetes (Mian et al., 2019). This will provide the patients with all the information associated with diabetes which will help them to actively involved in the treatment process.
  • All the decisions associated with the treatment process needs to be evidence based. This will help to prevent the healthcare professionals from taking any wrong decisions and hence will contribute towards the effectivity of the treatment process in the long run.
  • People-centred approach is considered, however, it is important to ensure that the patient and the patient’s family are offered that an environment where they do not hesitate to involve in the treatment process. Caring for people dealing with diabetes demands a lot of understanding based on the disease and the issues that the service user experiences. It is important to focus on these issues and ensure that all these issues are addressed appropriately.
  • The treatment procedures need to be cost-effective in nature. Cost effectiveness will encourage the service users to approach the service providers when they experience any kind of challenging situation. The cost effectiveness aspect needs to be looked into by the government of the state and the affordability of the service users should be focused on.
  • Free check-ups and diet charts should be provided in the community level. This will contribute towards building a trust between the service users and the service providers and further will help the service providers to assess the issue at the early stage and hence the progression can be slowed down adequately.

Ways to communicate complex issues to the target audience
Communication plays an important role in the healthcare procedures. It is necessary for the healthcare professionals to be able to communicate effectively with the service users and their family members. For geriatric patients the family members of the patient need to actively participate in the treatment procedure and hence these family members should be able to communicate with the healthcare professionals whenever required. The restrictions associated with communication needs to be identified and hence addressed at the earliest. Further, the language and the cultural influence associated with the target audience needs to be analysed in order to contribute towards the effectivity of the communication process.

There are scenarios where there will be need of multidisciplinary teams and the team members need to maintain complete transparency between each other and focus on how to benefit the service users by improving the quality of treatment offered to them. Apart from the treatment, there are different aspects that the service users need to focus on a personal level. The healthcare professionals should be able to engage in the process of promoting wellbeing of the people and further will help them to strengthen the trust that the services users have on the healthcare system.

The awareness camps on the community level will allow the healthcare professionals to communicate with the service users. Further, these awareness camps need to be structured in a way that will help the service users to reach out the target audience in a way that will enhance their awareness on this specific issue. The participation of the people residing in that specific community needs to be assured and hence promotion of these camps should be done adequately. Regular check-ups and free diet charts are another effective way of communicating with the target audience. These little steps will help the healthcare professionals to work efficiently with the people to deal with serious issues like diabetes.

Conclusion
It can be hence concluded that there are a significant number of issues associated with treating diabetes in people in 2770. On analysing the healthcare system it has been observed that the prevalence of discrimination and the cultural differences are some of the serious issues that need to be addressed. A list of suggestions have been made in order to enhance the knowledge diabetes among common people and to address the challenges that healthcare professionals generally experience while operating within the healthcare systems. The healthcare service users and the healthcare professionals need to trust each other and these steps will contribute towards strengthening the bond shared by them in the long run.

References
Advani, A. (2020). Positioning time in range in diabetes management. Diabetologia, 63(2), 242-252.https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00125-019-05027-0

Bailey, C. J., & Day, C. (2019). The future of new drugs for diabetes management. diabetes research and clinical practice, 155, 107785.https://publications.aston.ac.uk/id/eprint/39903/1/drugs_for_diabetes.pdf

Contreras, I., &Vehi, J. (2018). Artificial intelligence for diabetes management and decision support: literature review. Journal of medical Internet research, 20(5), e10775.https://www.jmir.org/2018/5/e10775/

Htet, T. D., Godneva, A., Liu, Z., Chalmers, E., Kolobkov, D., Snaith, J. R., ... &Samocha-Bonet, D. (2020). Rationale and design of a randomised controlled trial testing the effect of personalised diet in individuals with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with metformin. BMJ open, 10(10), e037859.https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/10/e037859.abstract

Mian, Z., Hermayer, K. L., & Jenkins, A. (2019). Continuous glucose monitoring: review of an innovation in diabetes management. Healthcare assignment The American journal of the medical sciences, 358(5), 332-339.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0002962919302678

Pawson, H., Parsell, C., Saunders, P., Hill, T., & Liu, E. (2018). Australian homelessness monitor 2018.https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Edgar-Liu-3/publication/325138752_Australian_Homelessness_Monitor_2018/links/5afa29a00f7e9b3b0bf017df/Australian-Homelessness-Monitor-2018.pdf

Rowley, W. R., Bezold, C., Arikan, Y., Byrne, E., &Krohe, S. (2017). Diabetes 2030: insights from yesterday, today, and future trends. Population health management, 20(1), 6-12.https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/pop.2015.0181

aihw.gov.au, (2018).Diabetes.https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/diabetes/diabetes/contents/how-many-australians-have-diabetes/type-2-diabetes

Sunaert, P., Vandekerckhove, M., Bastiaens, H., Feyen, L., Bussche, P. V., De Maeseneer, J., ... &Willems, S. (2011). Why do GPs hesitate to refer diabetes patients to a self-management education program: a qualitative study. BMC Family Practice, 12(1), 1-11.https://bmcfampract.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2296-12-94

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