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Healthcare Assignment: Implementation Of Smart Home For Deaf And Mute People


Write a well-researched healthcare assignment discussing about developing a plan of smart home for deaf and mute people.


Implementation of Smart Home as presented in the healthcare assignment to Save Disability
Internet-connected gadgets installed in a Smart house will allow the homeowner to observe and manage handicapped individuals, especially deaf and mute. As a result of these growing demands, Smart home solutions for the disabled have been developed. Caregiver satisfaction comes from the implementation of a Smart house for handicapped individuals. Persons with impairments have access to a smart home system. In addition, the smart home system could assist individuals to maintain their independence while alleviating the anxieties of their family members in the care facility (Ciabattoni et al. 2018). For handicapped people, there are two primary types of home automation platforms, which include embedded healthcare systems and private health systems. Devices, furniture, and clothes are equipped with sensors and microprocessors that gather data that may be processed and then utilized to detect illnesses and recognize danger trends. To link mobile devices and to store information in a family health system, private health systems mainly rely on wireless technologies. Also, the smart home can be equipped with visual sensors that read and give data communicated by handicapped persons using sign movements. The smart home is mainly implemented in the care home for older individuals and people with disabilities in retaining their freedom and security. It also helps them to avoid expenditures and worry about relocating to a health care centre. Deaf and mute individuals might be provided with automatic reminding programs through home automation systems (Assim and Al-Omary 2020). Internet-connected intercom systems display visual cues via intercom. A doctor's check-up or medication reminder may be sent by text message and also through daily actions like turning off the oven, shutting the curtains, turning off the lights, and so forth. When the person walks into the room, the device can immediately switch on the lights and control the room temperature.

Modern Smart Home Technologies
Individuals with disabilities must implement smart home technologies to encourage self-reliance and also to enjoy the freedom to lead their lives as they want to do. Some of the modern smart home technologies include-

Smart lock- It is preferable to install a smart lock than a keypad which will help a disabled person to grant access to a therapist or maid. This smart lock utilizes a user's cell phone as its key and allows them to provide people short- or long-term access to their home. They may also limit the number of instances and times to provide them entry to their home (Rizwan, Khan and Imran 2019).

Smart video doorbell-Wireless video doorbells could notify people about people standing at the door, allow them to view who is there, and enables them to connect through phone or pc. Video doorbells could also be utilized to assist families in providing care and security to handicapped persons who live alone (Pathaket al. 2020). For example, Skybell HD video is one such example that sends videos to disabled people and allows two-way communication through their phones.

Smart lightening-This could be linked to household equipment to visually aware individuals with hearing loss to understand when the oven timer ends up. When the timer runs out, the light turns on to notify people to turn off their oven (Zouet al. 2020).

Bluetooth-enabled hearing aids connecting with Television- With Bluetooth-enabled hearing devices, patients do not require to turn up the TV volume to maximum. Once appropriately configured, the audio would properly and immediately stream into their hearing devices.

Research Paper
Smart Home for Deaf and Mute People

In the article, ‘Development of Wireless Home Automation System for the Disabled (Deaf, Dumb and Alzheimer) People’, smart home automation is gaining popularity owing to the convenience it gives to the overall community. The research article is focused on the development of the WHADDA system. It is a smart home automation technology for disabled and deaf people. It seeks to provide a regularly monitored setting to assure the householder's safety. It also ensures a healthy and protected environment by informing the disable’s families and the fire department of possible risks (Obe, Abe and Boyinbode 2018). Home Gateway, Remote Environment, and Home Environment are the three main functional elements of the WHADDA System. The remote environment is mainly for authorized individuals who have the accessibility to use it through their smartphones or laptops. The Home Environment comprises a Home Gateway and also a hardware connector component. Sensors are coupled into the hardware interface. Users of the WHADDA System would be allowed to control their home's electrical equipment through smart phones or laptops having internet connections. Autonomous security devices protect handicapped persons from severe home incidents, such as a fire breakout or an attacker breaking into the home. The handicapped individuals are notified of the event via the alerting system. The suggested method given within the automated process includes two modes of operation, a manually automated mode wherein kitchen appliances are inspected and operated via smartphone. Self-Automated represents the second option, which enabled the microcontroller to analyze sensor information like temperature sensors and more.

The authors in the article, ‘IoT enabled gesture-controlled home automation for disabled and elderly’ mentioned that designing a smart home for the disabled is effective as it will help in controlling a house, or domestics, includes the use of automation inside a home setting to offer its residents with conveniences, safety, protection, and energy efficiency. The growth of smart homes has witnessed unique architectural patterns as a result of the rapidly growing and developing trends in smart technologies. Increasingly home automation has become very popular due to the emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT).To understand the existence of other people within the house, a motion sensor can be installed around its perimeter and could be activated. As soon as an alarm is raised, a warning mechanism will alert the security authorities for taking the appropriate measures. Remote monitoring of the system is possible using an internet browser (Kshirsagar et al. 2020). Disabled can walk around can use remote monitoring and control capabilities to turn on and off the equipment in their homes. Light, air-conditioning, and other gadgets in the home can also be used with this technology. A Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) is used to control all the exterior and interior lights depending on the severity of the ambient light. The doorbell provides support to the deaf. A tiny vibratory engine is linked to a wireless shield, which interacts with the Arduino. This doorbell component is also hooked with a radio transmitter on the Arduino.

Smart Home New Technology for Deaf and Mute People
It is primarily intended to eliminate the necessity to stare at their remote device and look for a certain key for a given activity by using hand gestures. The gesture is the motion of a bodily part. As the name suggests in the article, ‘voice and gesture-based home automation system’, Gesture Recognition is a technology that detects bodily movements. Individuals with physical impairments like deaf and mute would be benefitted from being capable of operating their home equipment by utilizing smart technology. It provides an active monitoring platform to disabled people. A smart environment of different sensors is combined to create an appealing system that could manage the home devices and technologies. A gesture system can be utilized to operate household equipment such as turning on/off lights, closing/opening windows, TV, and fans or air conditioners in living rooms. For geriatric disabled people, the device also detects real-time activities such as blood pressure and pulse rate. Gesture-based instructions operate electronic equipment through a flex sensor linked against the primary microcontroller (Pradeep, Ragul and Varalakshmi 2021). A switch is required to operate the lights; however, they are regulated via the Internet of Things (IoT). In tracking temperature and gas, gas and humidity sensors are utilized. The buzzer will sound whenever the temperature rises above a certain level. It's possible to see what's going on in the home by looking at the LCD monitor. Flex sensors are also utilized to give gesture inputs to deaf and mute people. When the controller receives this information, processes it, and uses it to activate or disable the gadgets.

Another new smart home technology especially designed for deaf and mute people to communicate with normal people within the home environment is smart gloves. The authors, Narsale et al. (2020), indicate that deaf-mute people rely on sign language as their primary and only method of interaction. Sign language employs a framework of hand gestures for interaction, with two sensors playing a significant function: flex sensors and accelerometers. The flex sensors have been located on the backside side of the hand gloves. It is designed to sense the mobility of the fingers. An accelerometer is attached to the gloves to measure angular motion. The gesture is detected, and also the matching result will show on the LCD. To achieve proper detection in this proposed solution, the individual makes a gesture and keeps it for roughly 3 seconds. As a result, the communication barrier that handicapped individuals encounter is greatly decreased in their homes. This system will be less expensive since no additional parts with sensing devices, such as gloves, are required. However, a simple modification to the operating systems would be required to enable the device to interpret basic sign motions and transform them into legible textual data.

Reasons for Developing Smart Homes for Disability Person
The word disability refers to any limitations imposed by personal and/or external variables affecting a persons' health condition. People who are deaf or mute can communicate from smart homes by adopting a smart voice control system. Smart home devices make life interesting, comfortable, connected, protected, and make a lot easier for those who have hearing problems (O’Brolcháin and Gordijn 2019).Individuals with hearing and speaking impairments can take control of their homes because of the development of the smart home system. These gadgets can let them live independently and simultaneously relieving the concerns of their family members. The smart home system also provides a sense of control among the disabled community. A smart door detector linked to smart speakers is an outstanding demonstration of a smart home gadget. Deaf individuals could use this smart home equipment to detect when someone enters or exits their home. This virtual assistant gadget could detect and operate Bluetooth-enabled items and devices by listening to the spoken or written instructions. Smart home gadgets also allow individuals to complete their work at ease (Majumder et al. 2017). Smartphones are now being used as remote controllers for home automation devices providing disabled persons with a unique and adaptable tool for navigating everyday activities and participating more actively within socio-economic context. Enhanced security seems to be one important advantage of smart home technology for persons who are mute or have difficulty in hearing. A deaf person cannot sense a break-in, but a smart home security device could mitigate by sending notifications to the user's smartphone whenever a sensor outside the apartment detects strange activity or movement (Zimmermann et al. 2017).

Utilizing Smart Home for Deaf and Mute People
Nowadays, smart homes are filled with modern equipment that could be operated virtually. They are a true transformation for the handicapped, especially for the deaf and mute individuals. For instance, in aspects of constructing a building, all contractors in the United States must adhere to the American Disability Act to design houses that can be accessible by the disabled person (Pal, Triyason and Funikul 2017).A smart home could offer deaf and mute people freedom and decrease the mental burden they experience while they are always reliant on outside assistance. The fact that home automation transmits an alert message to a cell device causing it to vibrate or flashlight whenever it receives the notification. It provides essential benefits for people who are deaf and mute by stating that smart home technology contributes to offering affordable and equitable options. They could accomplish a variety of chores with just a simple tap on phones, laptops, or another gadget, without being relied on by someone else. Smart gadgets are significantly cheaper than single-purpose adaptive equipment. Another important reason to utilize a smart home is that it will help people to take better care of the deaf and mute person, where everything within the smart home will be taken care of by the automatic electronic gadgets. Moreover, these smart gadgets will also enable the disabled person to interact comfortably with the other members of their families by using google assistant or smart gloves (Chajduga 2021).

Project Ideas
Simple Fire Alarm for Deaf and Mute People

Hearing loss has been a major concern for the general public in recent years. As per the World Health Organization, around 5 percent of the worldwide people have debilitating hearing impairments or have a speaking problem. The fire alarm is an important smart home technology that would assist deaf and mute people to get aware of any such incidents. Accommodations for deaf and mute people should include specific fire alarms to notify occupants (Saifan, Dweik and Abdel?Majeed 2018). All the alarm sensors within the building should preferably be interlinked to one another. The reason is if one alarm within one area of the house detects a fire, all alarm sensors within the building should trigger. The First Alert Onelink, for instance, comprises a complete smart home fire detector system. When linked with Wifi, it would alert anybody with the attached smartphone when an alert system in the house has been activated. Linking through smartphones also allows the challenged individual to easily operate the equipment (Chuckun, Coonjan and Nagowah 2019). The fire detector for deaf and mute people combines a standard fire sensor on the roof. It also has a transmitter with a flashlight and is connected with a vibrating plate. The device poses the capacity to shake the bed from beneath the mattresses. ADA-compliant flashlight displays use extremely powerful lights to inform the handicapped person whole they are sleeping about the fire. Smart home goods allow handicapped people to know exactly what is happening in their homes even while they are away simply informing them via their portable apps. As a result, smart fire alarms could be useful gadgets for families of handicapped people as they transmit a warning to their smartphones whenever the alarm is triggered. Usually, the sensor must be connected to the current building network and include a battery replacement (Swanepoel, van den Heever and Dellimore 2017). The alert should include both visual and audible notifications, with audio signals not surpassing 110 decibels. The objective of hard-wired fire alarms usually includes notifying the deaf or mute individual when there is smoke or fire in the building. Deaf people would be notified regardless of wherever they are. Properly placed audio or visual alarms are required in fire detection systems. Visual alarm equipment must have a flashing speed of lower than 5 Hz. This simple fire detector could assist deaf or mute people to get aware of the coming danger. The fire alarm network consists of a centralized control board over which fire and smoke sensors are attached, and also alarms or bells are also attached to the system when the sensor recognizes an alert (Kimet al. 2018). The control board is powered by wall power and also includes a backup battery that could keep the device running for roughly 24 hours. Fireco and Ei Electronics, for example, have developed pads that start vibrating whenever a fire alarm sound. These pads are put beneath an individual's pillow that awakens them up whenever an alarm goes off. Both businesses handle this gadget differently. Ei Electronics' Ei175 is connected to the fire alarm and may be coupled with flashing lights for a multi-functional solution. The Deafgard from Fireco is unique as it is transportable and activates when it ‘gets to hear' the alert, which causes the vibrations.

Patient Medicine Using Reminder Pic Microcontroller
According to Solanke and Lakshman (2019), individuals in modern life are usually preoccupied with their everyday lives. It is undeniable that individuals prioritize their profession over taking good care of their own and others' wellbeing. The microcontroller is known as the heart of the device. It saves information on an individual's requirements. The users can access the data saved on the gadget whenever the user needs it. This gadget enables the deaf and mute to communicate their needs. This is an important device for deaf and mute people since it will help them remember to take their medications (Harish 2021).All individuals with hearing and speaking difficulties will be benefitted from a medication reminder system. Patient monitoring seems to be an important task these days. Someone must constantly need to monitor the person's condition, and the recommended medication must be administered regularly. There are times when patients make sure to take their medications regularly but overlook the fact which medication they should take at that moment. Smart Medicine Reminder has a wide range of applications that can be utilized at home by deaf and mute patients. Medication Reminder Systems have been created on a variety of systems. Most of these technologies necessitate the use of specialized hardware to reassure patients about medication ingestion times. The simple Medicine Reminder system within smart home automation serves to remind disabled patients to take their medications several times per day (Suresh et al. 2021). Push keys are used to specify the time slot for taking medicines. It also displays the recent date and time. This medication reminder microcontroller is also compatible with the Patient Monitoring System. On-screen assistance is also provided to the users. Whenever a patient's medication has not been taken at the scheduled time, an SMS would be sent to the patient informing them that the medication time has passed. The LCD screen also shows the time and also the box number from which the disabled patient should take the medicine. The overall purpose of this process is to support especially the deaf and mute people to take their right medications at the right time. The system is divided into two components which include the Medicine Reminder Framework and the Tracking System. The reminder structure notifies the recipient when it is time for having the medicine by using audio and visual alarm systems. It is capable of indicating the accurate medication contained within the system's chambers or containers based on the time specified by the disabled individual. Users, with the help of this system, can also set different alarm systems for various prescriptions. As a result, the system gains the ability to be reused. The Monitoring System verifies to see if each medicine was taken at the right time or not. In case the sensor recognizes any irregularities, it automatically conveys a signal to the patient, noting the medication and administration time (Pool et al. 2017). However, the patient using for the first time, the structure will request a phone number to log into the device.

Door Bell for the Deaf and Mute
When it comes to doorbells, the ideal option for the person with hearing and speaking problems is the one with an extra indication that could be noticed. People with impairments have always had access to technology. The smart doorbell notification system seeks to make deaf people's life easier. There are several ways to get this information, such as an amplified buzzer, a blinking light, or a vibrating smartphone alert. Since individuals would not have to depend on other alerts, a smart doorbell featuring mobile messaging is the ideal solution as they can receive numerous alerts on one device, via their smartphone. The IFTTT connection allows the disabled person to link smart doorbells to their smart switches for additional visual notice (van Ditmar 2019). The doorbells, which are ideal for the severely deaf or people with hearing problems, intelligently integrate colourful, strobe lights along with extra-loud sounds, resulting in a customizable warning process to assure that individuals never overlook a guest or deliveries. The doorbells use two distinct light elements to create a great visual alarm sound to capture their focus. The LED strobe is built inside the doorbell's faceplate and emits an exceptionally strong white light. It informs the visitors that the push switch has been activated by the individual. The lighting methods operate in unison with an audible bell, could be adjusted as high as 90Db for individuals who have hearing loss. Honeywell Home's Series 9 doorbells, like the DC915N, are transportable, which means users can carry them around their residence and can have them visible all the time. Aside from that, wireless video doorbells include recording devices built in them. They feature microphones to broadcast the message and a sensor system to enable people to understand what the other person in front of the doorway is stating (Kalist, Joe and Veeramuthu2020). When a guest rings the doorbell, users would obtain a notification on the cell phone and also an audio chime in the house. The individual can make a video stream link to the front entrance by pressing the button. Since this data is transferred over Wi-Fi, it makes no difference whether the disabled person is at home or in remote places (Martínez, Eras and Domínguez 2018).The doorbells provide handicapped persons with a greater sense of safety, particularly if they are installed on their main house's most often visited entrances. They enable people to act as though they are present at their houses, while in reality, they are not. However, there seems to be a wide range of doorbells developed for deafeningly deaf and mute people. A flashing doorbell is primarily intended for those who are deaf or have sensory problems. Unlike a typical doorbell sound, it uses a bright flashlight and occasionally a loud bang to notify the visitor at the entrance gate. Based on the level of individual deafness, users have many alternatives for how they want to be notified when someone is at the entrance. This features a vibrating feature that may wake someone up from their bedroom or seat (Pathak et al. 2020).

Depth of Ideas
Simple Fire Alarm for Deaf and Mute People

Fire represents an unwelcome phenomenon that can result in significant loss of social resources and individual lives. Numerous smart alarm devices, like fire alarms and heat sensor-based structures, have been created to avert these damages. The network-based Smart Fire alarm serves as an unmistakable substitute for traditional surveillance systems mainly for the deaf and mute people. It has been observed that hearing loss has become an issue for a very long period. A smart fire system is a device that includes and analyses smoke or fire in the surroundings and converts them into visual and auditory warnings and alarms for disabled individuals. The major goal of a smart fire alarm system is to offer fire detection notification so that disabled people may be rescued and urgent measures are made to halt or eradicate the fire impact as quickly as feasible (Kang, Basnetand Farhad 2019).Portable fire alarm devices should satisfy user expectations, should be simple to set up, quick and inexpensive, and not cause damage to the house's exterior due to the slightest epigenetic modifications in the features. A wireless automated fire alarm device offers a common multi-sensor kind of event-driven wireless network that allows deaf and mute people to comprehend possible dangers. The sensors provide an analogue output message that represents the magnitude of the sensory occurrence. An analogue responsive detector's result is changeable and represents a proportionate depiction of the sensory impact of fire, smoke, and flames. This signal from the sensor is often sent to the control centre, mostly in the shape of analogue voltage, which informs the panel about the status of the area that is being sensed controlled. The sensors provide an analog output message that represents the magnitude of the sensory occurrence. An analog responsive detector's result is changeable and represents a proportionate depiction of the sensory impact of fire, smoke, and flames. This signal from the sensor is often sent to the control centre, in the shape of analog voltage, which informs the panel about the status of the area that is being sensed controlled. To trigger an alert inside an analog addressable device, the analog signal generated either by the sensor should be in the alarm situation for a duration equivalent to the required time for completing three sequential address cycles (Feng and Wang 2021).The addressable system possesses the attributes of being an addressed technology, inexpensive to setup, and an efficient structure. Most addressable systems include an advanced pre-alarm notification, allowing the disabled owner to examine possible warnings before the program's sirens sound. Furthermore, the combination of wireless sensor nodes with machine learning may substantially improve the dependability of a fire alarm device. Whenever the sensor detects a fire, the fire control system performs data analysis and statistical analysis. In case, a fire occurs through the zonal detectors, the controller sends all of the components and shows the zonal code on the LCD screen. Thus, it could be stated that in the event of a fire, a network-based Smart Fire Alarm device utilizes the most sophisticated data transmission techniques and provides high-end monitoring for the deaf and mute person residing alone. The device also employs a variety of notification techniques to inform the user, such as LSD screens, LEDs, flashing lights, and also an SMS transmitting function (Yadav and Rani 2020).

Patient Medicine Using Reminder Pic Microcontroller
Every patient on the globe is required to take the correct medication at the right moment. Patients could include youngsters, students, businessmen, the elderly, and others. As the expense of in-home medical treatment rises, everyone looks for a well-organized gadget to manage their medications. The main aim of this device is to remind deaf and mute people about taking their medications on time. The suggested method is most adapted for the deaf and mute because it helps to remind them regarding their medications with a buzzing sensation and besides that also tells the medication name that needs to be taken (Sree, Indrani and Latha 2020). With the help of a matrix touchpad, the user may save the specific timing of the drug. The preset timing for the medication is shown on the display including a buzzer tone to warn the user regarding consuming the proper medicine, which is cantered upon an RTC (Real Time Clock) integrated with the microcontroller. A grid keypad is used to insert the drug records of administration. Therefore, after the time is input, it will be shown on the LCD monitor along a vibrating sensation is generated to inform the user. The device may be enhanced by connecting it to a GSM gadget, which would transmit an SMS notification to the person's cell device. This involves the development of the hardware and software concepts. It incorporates the PIC microcontroller, known as the system's heart, and manages the system's general functioning, and it is also accountable to conduct all the functions (Chitra and Jayalakshmi 2021). The motor controller has been designed such that the schedule stops the motor at the appropriate moment, causing the medications to fall in the output tube. The operation of the medication distributor is straightforward. It is simple to use with the help of three primary buttons: the setup key, the increment button, and the last one is the next button. The gadget has four chambers for various medications and the range of sections could be adjusted based on the medications of the patient. The operation of the smart medicine reminder is managed by a microcontroller, RTC, and by a motor. The motor driver receives the instruction to begin the motorized activity. It has been stated that the frequency of motor rotators would be directly proportional to the total number of medications to be distributed. The motor's axis is composed of two different circular plates, one spinning and the other one is stationary. As the motor spins, the medicine slots of the revolving sheet meet against the slots of the stationary plate; the medication is supplied and eventually placed in the receptacle with the help of the bottle attached to it. The buzzer will beep at the provided time as well as when the medication is dispensed. Following that, the LCD would reflect the right medicine stored in software (Akhtar et al. 2021). However, in the patient medicine reminder system, the applicator may dynamically modify the number of times; tablets need to be taken up, depending on the situation. Detachable from the wall, the device is portable and easy to move around the home. Anybody can run the device because it is so straightforward to use.

Door Bell for the Deaf and Mute
The smart home security control system has become indispensable in daily life. The design and development of a home security system, based on human face recognition technology and remote monitoring technology would help a disabled person to confirm visitor identity. It will also control door accessibility. As per World Health Organization estimates, around 300 million people are deaf, 1 million are mute, and many more suffer from various physical impairments. Designing a smart doorbell would allow deaf and mute individuals to manage who enters and exits their homes without leaving their seats (Assim and Al-Omary2020).A portable doorbell is extremely beneficial for deaf and mute people. Whenever someone clicks the doorbell button, the signal has been sent to the transmitter device, which triggers the vibrating machine, allowing the deaf to sense the vibrations and realize that someone is standing at the entrance. It makes utilization of RF (radio frequency) technology of 434 MHz. Moreover, when any visitor pushes the doorbell, an electronic signal has been generated which is directly transmitted to encoder IC, which feeds it to the transmitter for wireless distribution via the sending antenna. The relay driver is further connected with the transmitter to control and activate the smart doorbell. The receiving radar amplifies the information from the data transmitter, that is absorbed by the receiving antenna. This further feeds the information to the processor for processing so that it may successfully run the sensor linked to the individual's mobile phone or wristband. Instead of wires, the smart doorbell has a crime unit transceiver (Chuckun, Coonjan and Nagowah 2019). Whenever the switch is touched, a transmitter sends a coded message. The transmitter is located outdoors, while the receiver is located inside the device. Wireless doorbell systems could be powered by batteries or by plugging into the building's core power system. Receivers located at a distance receive a signal from the wireless system. Moreover, any home light, fluorescent lamp, or strobe could be linked to a remote sensor. It is triggered by pressing the transmitter button, which causes the connected light to blink. It is possible to move wireless gadgets across the house or to put wireless transmitters in various areas around the residence. Sensors that recognize magnetic impulses or speakers that collect sound vibrations could be put beside the initial doorbell since it will trigger the visible reception whenever the automatic doorbell is pressed. Transistor is used mainly like a switch in the bell motor driver. In case, the transistor turns on, the bell sounds. Bell driver and flashlight controller circuits are linked in sequence. The system of strobe lights with varying colors and intensity is controlled by a circuit called a flash drive. People who are hearing impaired will hear an audible tone when they push the doorbell, while the flashing light system will give a brilliant glow for those who are not deaf and mute persons may also use the smart doorbell, which is also equipped with a Raspberry Pi camera. Bluetooth sends the picture from the camera to the smart devices when someone rings the doorbell. Upon receiving the picture, the GSM Modem notifies the user that a guest has arrived. The gadget displays the visitor's photo and a text on its LCD/Screen (Jainet al.2019).

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