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Healthcare Assignment: An Annotated Bibliography on Building Well-Being & Resilience



You are supposed to write a healthcare assignment addressing the annotated bibliography on the topic well-being and resilience.


1. Aging and well-being

The concept of aging discussed herein healthcare assignment can be considered as a chronic condition for the life-cycle of a human being. It is a long time outcome of different cellular and molecular damage over a lifetime. It is evidenced that social participation along with effective clinical practice can control Quality Of Life for aged people. Staying healthy as well as feeling at the best is very vital for the old community (Cohen, et al. 2021). Getting a senior does not mean that the person is having poor health, their lifestyle can reduce the chance of severe disease and support to manage stress as well.

Health and psychological well-being are closely associated with old aged population. Community aged healthcare providers used to face several challenges (such as the risk of social isolation) to meet the basic needs of elderly people (Araújo, Ribeiro & Paúl, 2017). Older people are at risk of facing a lack of meaningful connection or companionship which are associated with well-being. Few activities which may result in healthy aging are eating well, doing physical activities, taking active participation in social work, and maintaining a supportive relationship with loved ones. Caregivers need to help old people to stay independent and to make them realize the values of life. The key ingredient for flushed aging is the capability to find happiness in life by accepting limitations with self-esteem and humor. For getting healthy aging, old people can focus on their functional ability such as they need to maintain good dressing and eating behavior (James & Sawyer, 2021). Henceforth, mobility, a good nutrition plan, financial wellness, care coordination, and engagement with family members can assure a healthy lifestyle and make old people independent. The well-being of old people is vital for their rights and they must receive a positive hedonistic state to enhance dignity at the end of life. Aged people can participate in a "Community program and Health service" to recognize their skills, increase connection with others, minimize loneliness and keep themselves engaged.

Well-being is a state of a multifaceted phenomenon within an elder population that includes self-fulfillment, happiness, social relationship, and satisfaction. Family members along with aged care service providers ought to support this population to meet health goals, consider psychological needs and enable them to get greater satisfaction from life (Ma, et al. 2021). Aged people can keep themselves simulated by enjoying hobbies, resolving an inter-generational conflict, and making a long-term financial plan. Many elder people are suffering from multiple diseases, hence, they need to talk to physicians at a regular interval to prevent the impact of disease over their normal life.

Reference list
Araújo, L., Ribeiro, O., & Paúl, C. (2017). Hedonic and eudaimonic well-being in old age through positive psychology studies: A scoping review. Anales de Psicología, 33(3), 568-577. Retrieved on 23rd April 2021. Retrieved from

Cohen, J. L., Rivkin, A., Dayan, S., Shamban, A., Werschler, W. P., Teller, C. F., ... & Garcia, J. K. (2021). Multimodal Facial Aesthetic Treatment on the Appearance of Aging, Social Confidence, and Psychological Wellbeing: HARMONY Study. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. Retrieved on 24th April 2021. Retrieved from

James, S., & Sawyer, A. M. (2021). Wellbeing and Aging in The Australian Women’s Weekly magazine. Journal of Women & Aging, 1-17. Retrieved on 24th April 2021. Retrieved from

Ma, Y. H., Yang, Y. X., Shen, X. N., Chen, S. D., Tan, L., Dong, Q., & Yu, J. T. (2021). Evaluation relationships between subjective wellbeing, personality traits, and Alzheimer’s disease: a two-sample Mendelian randomization study. Journal of Psychiatric Research. Retrieved on 24th April 2021. Retrieved from

2. Exercise and well-being

Physical activity can increase oxygen flow within the brain and people doing regular exercise used to have a higher degree of mental agility. Mental exercise (such as playing cards, listening to music, building vocabulary, or trying puzzles) can increase self-confidence, self-esteem and keep memory sharp (Begdache, Sadeghzadeh, Derose & Abrams, 2021). Exercise enables to increase of the size of the hippocampus (part of the brain) which is responsible for remembering. It is examined that physical exercise impacts brain plasticity and influences cognition along with well-being.

Exercise is an effective natural treatment that can relieve tension and supports mental well-being. Mental well-being encompasses a sense of getting relaxed, the potential to deal with ups and downs in life, understanding the purpose of life, and feeling of social connection (Mandolesi et al. 2018). Exercise can also boost mood, self-esteem, sleep quality as well as expand energy. Researches have shown that exercise may be useful to treat moderate depression as efficaciously as antidepressants. Apart from that, physical exercise can minimize the risk of colon cancer, breast cancer, hip fracture, and osteoarthritis. Moreover, to get good physical condition, adults must try to stay active and perform physical activities such as walking or cycling. For gentle movement, an adult can shift to yoga, which is soothing, therapeutic, and support the development of lung capacity. As a person's age, they are used to the mass and function of muscle and it may lead to muscle injuries or disabilities. Regular exercise is essential for minimizing muscle loss, straightening the body, and preventing osteoporosis. Physical exercise or "Moderate Intensity Activities" can help to raise heart rate, control cholesterol level, sugar level, allow to breathe faster, and as well as feel warmer. On the other hand, young communities can perform "Vigorously Intensity Activities" for improving heart health, maintaining fitness, and reducing weight. It is seen that brisk walking for only 10 minutes can result in mental alertness and amplify brainpower (Ramírez-Vélez, et al. 2021). It will also develop thinking capacity, learning a skill, and judgemental skill as per individuals' age. Moreover, physical exercise helps to gain body temperature and that is resulting calming out-turn on the mind.

Clinical researches have shown that physical exercise stimulates structural and functional changes within the brain that governing infinite physiological and biological benefits. Exercise also plays a significant contribution in building as well as maintaining muscle strength and bone density. It is also evidenced that exercise release serotonin and endorphins that have a "Mood-Enhancement-Effect" of an individual (Pascoe & Parker, 2019). Regular exercise can reduce stress, dementia, anxiety and assure speedy recovery from any mental health problems.

Reference list
Begdache, L., Sadeghzadeh, S., Derose, G., & Abrams, C. (2021). Diet, Exercise, Lifestyle, and Mental Distress among Young and Mature Men and Women: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients, 13(1), 24. Retrieved on 24th April 2021. Retrieved from

Mandolesi, L., Polverino, A., Montuori, S., Foti, F., Ferraioli, G., Sorrentino, P., & Sorrentino, G. (2018). Effects of physical exercise on cognitive functioning and wellbeing: biological and psychological benefits. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 509. Retrieved on 25th April 2021. Retrieved from

Pascoe, M. C., & Parker, A. G. (2019). Physical activity and exercise as a universal depression prevention in young people: A narrative review. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 13(4), 733–739. Retrieved on 24th April 2021. Retrieved from

Ramírez-Vélez, R., Zambom-Ferraresi, F., García-Hermoso, A., Kievisiene, J., Rauckiene-Michealsson, A., & Agostinis-Sobrinho, C. (2021). Evidence-Based Exercise Recommendations to Improve Mental Wellbeing in Women with Breast Cancer During Active Treatment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Cancers, 13(2), 264. Retrieved on 26th April 2021. Retrieved from

3. Nutrition and well-being

Nutrition plays a crucial part in maintaining health and physiological well-being. Evidence has shown that proper nutrition is vital for mental well-being and it can support disease management as well as disease prevention. Current studies are explaining that dietary patterns also affect activities of gut micro-biome such as bacteria. These gut micro-biome interact with the brain and control emotions like behavior or depressive disorders. Diet also influences various aspects of wellness such as doing athletic performances and maintaining weight (Firth et al. 2020).

Following a healthy diet always support maintaining healthy physical and mental life. Apart from that, a balanced diet can boost up immunity, prevent the occurrence of illness and result in well-being. There is a relationship between dietary patterns and mental well-being such as vegetables, fresh herbs, and cereals can reduce the risk of depression. Recently, scientists have explained "Food-Mood-Connection" and stated that maintaining a diet can improve mood, give energy, and support to improve thinking ability (Owen & Corfe, 2017). Moreover, several studies have shown that food can manage mood. Henceforth, for keeping mood fresh an individual requires to eat regularly, stay hydrated, consume enough protein, eat the right fat (such as nuts or oily fish) and reduce caffeine products. A protein-rich diet is compulsory in all meals as amino acids are there in protein which helps in serotonin production and promotes a realization of well-being. A proper quantity of complex carbohydrates is responsible for the release of serotonin that provides long-lived positive vibes, energy, and a good mood. Apart from that, vitamins and Omega-3-Fatty acids also influence serotonin that is responsible for mood regulation. It is also reported that consumption of refined carbohydrates can cause the risk of diabetes and obesity whereas high calories saturated fat food can result in immune activation (Tonetti, Jepsen, Jin & Otomo?Corgel, 2017). Unhealthy food is having poor nutritional value and it can develop illness, occur mood swings, tooth decay, or high BP.

Recent studies have suggested that proper nutrition is vital to meet the need of the body. Mindful eating also helps in better digestion, reduces stress, reduces calories, and increases enjoyment along with physiological well-being. For maintaining an effective diet plan an individual can take part in Nutrition Intervention to get a meal plan, reduce the chance of malourishment and polish up Quality Of Life (Hastuti, 2018). Moreover, deficiency of water in the body can result in dehydration anxiety that is closely associated with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Proper water intake help to eliminate body waste, protect tissues, keep the cardiovascular system healthful and promote well-being as well.

Reference list
Firth, J., Gangwisch, J. E., Borisini, A., Wootton, R. E., & Mayer, E. A. (2020). Food and mood: how do diet and nutrition affect mental wellbeing?. bmj, 369. Retrieved on 26th April 2021. Retrieved from

Hastuti, D. (2018). 5. Household food security, food care, child nutrition, and wellbeing of ethnic Tengger families in East Java, Indonesia. In Diversity and change in food wellbeing: Cases from Southeast Asia and Nepal (pp. 488-497). Wageningen Academic Publishers. Retrieved on 25th April 2021. Retrieved from,+D.+(2018).+5.+Household+food+security,+food+care,+child+nutrition,+and+wellbeing+of+ethnic+Tengger

Owen, L., & Corfe, B. (2017). The role of diet and nutrition on mental health and wellbeing. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 76(4), 425-426. Retrieved on 26th April 2021. Retrieved from

Tonetti, M. S., Jepsen, S., Jin, L., & Otomo?Corgel, J. (2017). Impact of the global burden of periodontal diseases on health, nutrition and wellbeing of mankind: A call for global action. Journal of clinical periodontology, 44(5), 456-462. Retrieved on 23rd April 2021. Retrieved from

4. Families and well-being

Family can be considered as the foundation of the population and holding a significant role in well-being. Family relationship always provides resources that are helpful to cope with stress and develop healthy behavior along with self-esteem (Rountree & Smith, 2016). It is also noticed that a welcoming attitude from family members can impart to the well-being of children. Promoting well-being also concern with understanding children or youth over their physical, social, behavioral, and cognitive spheres. Moreover, a strong connection with family members can assure a happier and healthier life along with greater independence.

Well-being also refers to the experience of a higher level of opportunities and human rights. Various studies have evidence that for family well-being four keep factors are crucial that includes attitude, inclusion, belonging, and a fair system (Gauthier, 2019). It is seen that a positive attitude from dear one gives a sense of belonging within families or population. People used to appreciate making others feel welcomed or give a commitment of companionship and inclusion within the community which is also very helpful to enhance well-being. Moreover, a fair family system makes an individual feel cared for, loved and increases confidence to explore new ideas. A good relationship supports identifying the needs of the family in different circumstances, negotiate complex beliefs and stay responsive always. Family well-being is also responsible for individual well-being, family resources, and cultural as well as the social context of an individual. According to Stress Processed Theory, positive or negative scenes of a relationship can impact the well-being of a person. There are few sets of influences (such as family type, family processes, individual characteristics, and family circumstances) that can affect the well-being of children as well as parents (Zhang, Padilla & Kim, 2017). Having a good connection with family members can foster quality care, help to make financial decisions, promote health literacy, improve the living atmosphere and provide emotional support.

Relationship and communication with family are very much essential for well-being throughout life. Keeping in touch with dear one gives a motivating force to old people and help them to feel affectionate and valued. Quality time (such as sharing a laugh, eating, or talking together) with family members can help to resolve disagreements and respect on different views of others. Besides, positive relationships (like sharing problems, developing empathy, or giving time) can reduce frustration, anger, or anxiety (Turney & Goodsell, 2018). Supportive networks, connections, and positive relationships were proved as creating a distinct and being available when things are happening well for the household.

Reference list
Gauthier, A. H. (2019). 16. Family Policies and Families' Wellbeing: An International Comparison. In Our Children's Future (pp. 251-274). University of Toronto Press. Retrieved on 23rd April 2021. Retrieved from

Rountree, J., & Smith, A. (2016). Strength-based well-being indicators for Indigenous children and families: A literature review of Indigenous communities' identified well-being indicators. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research (Online), 23(3), 206-220. doi: 10.5820/aian.2303.2016.206. Retrieved on 23rd April 2021. Retrieved from

Turney, K., & Goodsell, R. (2018). Parental incarceration and children's wellbeing. The Future of Children, 28(1), 147-164. Retrieved on 24th April 2021. Retrieved from

Zhang, A., Padilla, Y. C., & Kim, Y. (2017). How early do social determinants of health begin to operate? results from the fragile families and child wellbeing study. Journal of pediatric nursing, 37, 42-50. Retrieved on 25th April 2021. Retrieved from

Meditation and/or mindfulness

Mindful meditation can be considered mental training that involves consciousness of mind along with deep breathing. Mediation can reduce the impact of stress and anxiety on lives and behavior. Regular meditation supports to increase compassion as well as empathy are essential for fostering a positive mind. Meditation not only helps to control stress-related symptoms but also supports to treat of post-traumatic disorders, fibro-myalgia along Bowel Syndrome (Sun, 2019)

Research papers have evidenced that mind-full meditation leads to success in various settings (such as in school, workplace, or society) by developing awareness and acceptance. Meditation is also useful for clinical settings to reduce illness, pain, inevitable fair of the patients. Old-aged people are recommended to perform spiritual meditation for reducing unhealthy stress, increase creativity and achieve inner peace (Diaz, 2018). Mind-full meditation also supports to control of age-associated memory loss and hence it is prescribed for a dementia patients to cope with their mental challenges. Meditation therapy props up to come across emotional well-being and develop self-image. Moreover, regular meditation can increase strength, attention span and improve perfection level during the execution of any task. Meditation holds up to generate kindness and forgiveness that are essential for better interpersonal interaction and compassionate behavior towards else (Smith, 2021). Meditation also supports to increase of self-control, maintains mental discipline, and helps to fight against addictions. Apart from that, mediation enhance impulse, develop understanding and contribute to control psychological inflection. Mindlessness meditation can develop a sleeping schedule and it is helpful to treat severe insomnia, release tension allowing an individual to get a peaceful mind. It is examined that, regular meditation can control pain, reduce the sensation of discomfort and assure mental well-being. Moreover, visualization along with mind-fullness meditation support to achieve athletic performances (control blood pressure, emotional stability and stressful state), boost memory (which is vital for being counter-productive), combust negativity and encourage an individual for being diffuse thinker (Kapadia, 2018).

Mediation supports getting a regime of relation, enhances emotional well-being, and overcomes challenges Moreover, regular meditation helps to reduce stress, anxiety and increase the patience of n individual. Recent studies have shown that mind-fullness deals with quality whereas meditation is the exercise that succor to achieve emotionally calmness and focus on a definite activity (Kapadia, 2018). Therefore, ,meditation can provide a realization of inner harmony and provide progressive relation which are essential in physical and mental well-being along with social interactions.

Reference list
Diaz, F. M. (2018). Relationships among meditation, perfectionism, mindfulness, and performance anxiety among collegiate music students. Journal of Research in Music Education, 66(2), 150-167. Retrieved on 25th April 2021. Retrieved from

Kapadia, A. (2018). Meditation and mindfulness: A call to action in elevating primary care. The Permanente Journal, 22. Retrieved on 24th April 2021. Retrieved from

Smith, J. C. (2021). The psychology of relaxation, meditation, and mindfulness: An. Principles and practice of stress management. 4th ed. NY: Guilford. Retrieved on 25th April 2021. Retrieved from,+J.+C.+(2021).+The+psychology+of+relaxation,+meditation,+and+mindfulness:+An.%C2%A0Principles+and+practice+

Sun, Q. (2019). Eastern thoughts, western practices: Meditation and mindfulness relaxation activities for learning and well?being in adult and higher education. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 2019(161), 45-55. Retrieved on 23rd April 2021. Retrieved from


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