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Health Promotion Assignment: Health Education For COVID-19 Prevention In Aboriginal Community


Health Promotion Assignment Instructions: Write a 2000 word essay describing the development, implementation and evaluation of a health promotion project/activity for your chosen community based on the health need.


1. Introduction
It is evident herein health promotion assignment that during comparison to metropolitan regions, a solitary incidence of COVID-19 contamination within a specific region might generate a substantial outbreak throughout the entire region. The previous report regarding the aboriginal population throughout the Kimberly region indicated a perceived requirement that the population possesses a considerable educational gap between the indigenous and non-indigenous populations who reside in metropolitan areas (Australian Government, 2019). By fulfilling the highlighted requirement, the following essay intends to create a health promotion initiative in order to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic within the Kimberly region. The precede-proceed health promotion framework will be implemented in this essay. Description of the health promotion project, design, action plan, objectives, execution, as well as analysis of the project will be presented using credible data, for example peer-reviewed articles and journals, government sites, including reports those are less than six years old will be utilised for this essay. Here, nursing peer groups are the intended audience. In order to develop such health promotion programme, all the information must require to be lined with PHC Priorities, which main concern is to ensure the highest level of well-being and maintain a good health by fulling the needs of the people, such as offering appropriate medication, health-related services, rehabilitation or palliative care (Gardneret al., 2018). During the development of such health promotion programme, the role of “Ottawa Charter” is quite significant as this framework monitors the most effective factors which might be both positively effective and harmful for a population, such as political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, behaviour, as well as biological factors (Thompson, Watson & Tilford, 2018). In order to develop a health promotion programme to educate the people of Kimberly region about the detrimental impact of COVID-19 on health and to minimise the negative impact of this pandemic on health, these five factors must be taken into consideration.

2. Detailed Description and Development of Health Promotion Programme
The precede-proceed framework will be implemented in this very essay in order to develop the health promotion programme. The programme’s primary goal is to increase health-related education for aboriginal people throughout the Kimberley regions in order to mitigate the possible impact of COVID-19 pandemic. According to social assessments, the aboriginal communities within the Kimberley regions possess poor educational qualifications (LoGiudiceet al., 2021). About 14% of Western Australians have achieved tertiary as well as higher level education, such as university degree; however, just about 4% of Kimberley residents have achieved tertiary as well as university education, which is comparatively very low than the Western Australians (Tigheet al., 2017). Poor health education results in lower health outcomes, and simultaneously, such poor education level about health enhances the rate of the mortality.

The epidemiological analysis has established the relationship between the environment and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Residents of rural places have indicated that they have big families and they live in cramped conditions (Australian Government Department of Health, 2020). The average proportion of indigenous persons within a home is 3.5, while the amounts of non-individuals within a household is 2.8 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2017). Because social distance is essential for preventing COVID-19 contamination, living in overcrowded areas increases the chance of inflammation (Moodie et al., 2021). Furthermore, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the effectively most common disorder amongst indigenous Australians. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease are the predisposed variables which COVID-19 or coronavirus may have a significant influence on, which potentially leading to deaths.

In order to avoid social gathering, people do not necessitate gathering in a place, as gathering in a place raises the possibility of transmission from one human to another. In such a situation, media, as well as social networking sites may be the greatest alternatives for marketing assistance for spreading COVID-19 awareness, preventive, including diagnosis (Al-Dmouret al., 2020). Because many aboriginal communities depend on tv and radio commercials, such online media with multi-indigenous language channels may be useful in raising COVID-19 awareness, along with its preventive measures. Additionally, as indigenous, as well as Torres Strait Islanders utilise higher social media applications in comparison to non-indigenous Australians, social media platforms might be useful in health promotion programmes (Riceet al., 2016). Indigenous peoples use different types of social media platforms in order to express their aboriginal identities, seek assistance for suicidal thinking as well as self-harm, keep up with current events, and combat oppression. Nevertheless, the demographic category of social media platform users is not stated; consequently, health programme promotion through social networking sites may be another strategy to spread awareness regarding COVID-19 prevention (Karasnehet al., 2021). In order to deliver trustworthy information, COVID-19 data ought to be evidence-based as well as reliable. Furthermore, simple terminology should be employed to assist aboriginals in comprehending health information. Around 60% of Australian adults exhibit health literacy, which has an influence on interpreting health-related data.

3. Objectives and Action Plan
The initial objective of this health promotion programme is to increase the aboriginal community’s range of literacy regarding COVID-19 and its impact throughout the Kimberley region. The description of COVID-19, its symptoms and clinical signs, preventative approaches, such as utilisation of face mask, washing hands, maintaining social distancing, along with risk groups must be communicated using social networking sites (Kamenidou, Stavrianea & Liava,2020). Surveys could be used to assess the amount of COVID-19-related proficiency among aboriginal groups. A pre-COVID-19 educational assessment as well as a post-COVID-19 educational survey must be done in order to deliver objective data on the level of educational proficiency of the indigenous inhabitants within the Kimberley regions.

Furthermore, a feedback discussion may be added throughout the overall survey session in order to allow participants to contribute supplementary thoughts or viewpoints on the education. Surveys provide statistical information and simultaneously, surveys are cost-effective in data collection (Rahmanet al., 2020). Additionally, numerous aboriginal peoples’ health literacy abilities may be evaluated in a short amount of time, and generating survey questionnaires is simple for the assessors. The survey respondents will have no problem while downloading and filling out the questionnaires of the surveys. The initial objective requires more than one month to deliver a handful of training sessions, as well as obtain post-education survey data.

The second objective of this health promotion programme is to construct a COVID-19 prevention-friendly atmosphere for the aboriginal people and their communities. Banners, along with signage encourages the use of face masks as well as frequently hand washing and hygiene the hands can be circulated to raise infection control practices knowledge around the communities and the people. Information regarding COVID-19 screening locations might be shared over social media platforms (Wahbehet al., 2020). An online panel discussion might be beneficial in making indigenous people feel more sophisticated while asking questions about COVID-19 or coronavirus. Because of the surge of COVID-19 information from the workplaces, neighbours, relatives, governments, online sites, and social networking sites, large numbers of people seem to believe in misconceptions or misunderstandings concerning COVID-19 pandemic and its vaccination process.As a result, the live discussion may assist in clarifying misunderstandings or inappropriate concepts and obtaining precise and authentic information. Aboriginal language translators must also be present during the live discussion and promotion of the health promotion programme as large numbers of indigenous communal people still speak in their native languages, which makes it strenuous to comprehend health-related information in English language.

The success of creating an adequate and supportive atmosphere can be evaluated by observing the changes in behaviour within indigenous peoples. In order to supervise the behavioural changes within the indigenous people’s lifestyles, hand washing and proper sanitisation, as well as use of proper face mask while going outside must be observed, especially in crowded areas, for instance hospitals, schools, supermarkets, playgrounds, including entertainment facilities before and after creating a conducive atmosphere (Gardneret al., 2018). Since it is impractical to supervise numerous people in several areas, community representatives throughout the Kimberley regions may be recruited. Furthermore, such representatives will have an outstanding understanding of the individuals throughout the community, and on the basis of that they will be capable of identifying the following behavioural changes within the people’s thinking or lifestyle. The second objective necessitates continual assessment of communal people’s behavioural changes as well as needs at least one month afterwards building a positive atmosphere.

The third objective of this health promotion programme is to generate different types of activities during lockdown, for instance indoor workout videos, nutritious food cooking films, as well as horticulture-related videos. People can simply obtain the directions and video clips by publishing these into social networking sites. COVID-19 has had a considerable effect on humankind’s manner of living. A large number of people have experienced gaining weight throughout the lockdown or during the quarantine phase, which has enhanced their potentiality of obesity-oriented disorders, for example, hypertension, high blood cholesterol, heart-related issues, and type 2 diabetes. Obesity-oriented health issues have been identified as serious health issues amongst aboriginal groups throughout the Kimberley regions. As a result, such types of activities or exercises will be helpful to the community and the people’s health. A quick survey session at the end of each activity-related programmes can be utilised in order to monitor the number of aboriginal people, who have participated in these activities. The goal might be accomplished at the completion of the quarantine and lockdown phase.

4. Implementation
Individuals with inadequate or little amount of health-related education may struggle to understand new health-related information. According to an Australian bureau data from 2017, the aboriginal communities throughout the Kimberley areas have a substandard academic background (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2017). As a result, it is critical to give greater emphasis to provide adequate support, along with education to Kimberley’s indigenous populations. In order to raise awareness of the health promotion programme, it needs to be published on different social media sites, television, and should broadcast on radio channels. The posters of the programme can be displayed in high-traffic areas such as general practitioners’ workplaces, institutions, malls, and entertainment venues.

In order to avoid the possibility of getting infected, COVID-19-relaated educational programmes should be emphasised. It requires at least two weeks to collect reliable information, create instructional resources with aboriginal language translations, as well as place preventative signs. Following the educational event, a live discussion and question-answer activity might be held to help individuals in comprehending coronavirus-related knowledge. As the Kimberley region is not presently under lockdown; therefore, the community does not require an immediate planned to generate video clips. Lockdown or quarantine-related video clips can be produced after the educational programme. Nevertheless, it is advised to make the recordings as soon as possible because lockdown can arise at any stage in near future. Furthermore, to comprehend aboriginal traditions, behaviours, including beliefs, the nurse should develop the initiative, which must be collaborated with community leaders (Moodieet al., 2021). Indigenous language translators are required to be employed in initiative to assist people in comprehending and understanding the new health-oriented directives. In addition, to effectively implement the health promotion project, the nurses must engage with stakeholders and community leaders from the Kimberley regions in order to clarify their issues and share the programme’s initial intention. The nurses may design an anonymous online questionnaire to enable indigenous peoples to submit their issues and opinions.

5. Evaluation
Evaluation of the process must require to be utilised in order to establish whether or not the programme and interventions were carried out as expected. Furthermore, the result evaluation could be implemented to assure the programme’s efficiency and to contrast both before and after educational survey results. Furthermore, community leaders and community representatives may provide viewpoints or opinions on the programme addressing the improvements within aboriginal peoples’ lifestyle, for instance use of face mask, hand hygiene and sanitisation, along with participation in programs. The amounts of COVID-19 vaccinations and testing rates will also provide statistical information on the efficacy of preventive education. Additionally, outcomes of the surveys, COVID-19 vaccination, as well as testing findings must be continually supervised in order to detect the changes. Within the documentation, the nurse in charge of the programme must keep a track of all the educational results, opinions, and vaccination as well as testing rates’ numbers.

6. Conclusion
Aboriginal communities and its people throughout the Kimberley region possess a very poor educational background, as well as cultural and linguistic variations, which may make it difficult to comprehend health-related information. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and accommodation troubles are effective risk variables, which may enhance the possibility of getting infected from coronavirus or COVID-19. As a result, the initiative consists of COVID-19-related educational programmes, encompassing preventive measures, testing, vaccination, as well as the development of a positive atmosphere to assist the community. and its people. COVID-19-related education is one the most important interventions. As a result, different activity video clips and a supporting atmosphere should be created. The entire study will take more than one month to complete in order to conduct many instructional sessions and assess the communities’ changes in behaviour. The process performance assessment methodologies will be used to assess the programme’s impact. Additionally, community leaders, including representatives will provide opinions on the project. The entire programme’s process and outcome will be tracked.

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