Health Care Assignment: No School No Pool policy in Burringurrah Community
Watch the video “No School No Pool” and write a health care assignment answering the 4 questions listed below:
1) Identify and discuss how two social determinants of health that helped to determine the need for the project in the video. Provide one example from the video for each social determinant and include at least one scholarly reference for each determinant.
2) Identify and explain how two primary health care principles guided the project in the video. Provide one example from the video for each principle and include at least one scholarly reference.
3) Identify and discuss one strategy from the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion that relates to the project in the video. Provide at least one example from the video.
4) Define cultural competence and discuss why it is important in determining the success of the project. Provide at least one example from the video.
Two significant social determinants of health impacting the Burringurrah community:
From the assessment and analysis of the case study video of the Burringurrah community of northwestern Australia undertaken in this health care assignment, it has been found that education and physical health care are the two chief social determinants of health that tend to have a major impact on the community.
The social determinants of health of a community account for multiple factors which include, housing, infrastructure, employment, poverty, physical health as well as education and literacy. Though focusing on the younger generation of a deprived community education plays a significant role in building a healthy and effective community. It provides the younger generation to sustain a better opportunity to lead a life less dependent on others, sustains discrimination, and develops the capability to strengthen the community with better education, understanding, as well as the economy (Chenhall& Senior, 2018). Poor education tends to increase the vulnerability of the population as people lose their ability to understand their health needs, complications, andfacilitiesavailable, account for their opportunitiesprovided as well as sustain early morbidity and mortality.
It was found in the video session of the Burringurrah community that earlier children were found lacking effective education as well as will to attend school. Though as soonas the no school no pool policy was involved within the indigenous community, childrenwere found taking an activeinvolvement in their schools as it was the only way they were allowed to use the swimming pool. Earlier education was barely a necessity in their life and no proper education and literacy were addressed within the population which was working as a negative factor to amaro their health conditions. In order to get permission to use the pool, children of the community started going to the school regularly and attain education which significantly influenced the community outcome as better health and social condition was promoted(No School No Pool, 2021).
Physical health care:
Health has a major influence and association with the social determinants of health within communities such as the indigenous populations. Deprived health within a community often accounts for thecondition of poor involvement in physical activity and exercise which tends to hamper their healthconditions (De Leeuw, 2018). Lack of physicalactivity, and exercise within the younger generation, as well as the adults, often increases the condition of multiple comorbidities such as obesity and cardiovascular disease, and it has been commonly identified in the indigenous population. it was found that the condition was well explained in the case of the video assessment of the Burringurrah community as before the implementation of the no school no pool policy children were found to have the least involvement in physical activities which often develop them unhealthy and unfit making them susceptible to multiple health issues(No School No Pool, 2021). Though no school no pool policy provided them with the ability to get along with physical activity in daily routine and help them sustain better health condition.
Significant primary health care policies related to the Burringurrahcommunity:
Principle 1- Intersectoral coordination:
One of another chief principle of primary health care includes intersectoral coordination which is known to function as attaining significant health goals for a community with the help of promotion and coordination by multiple stakeholders. It was known to be accepted as one of the guidelines which help in addressing multiple issues within a community with the adaptions of versatile professionals and organization to address the issues. It tends to function in promoting better health within a community by targeting multiple morbidities and complications than functions alongside each other to hamper the strength and development of a community (Burau et al., 2019). Focusing on the video assessment of the Burringurrah community, it was found that the community was witnessing multiple issues within the community people due to poor education, health condition as well as social support. Children and the people of the community lacked appropriate education and literacy as well as had a poor idea about healthy diet, better hygiene, and need of involvement of physical activity in life. Thus, involving no school no pool policy has served as a collaboration of the education sector, social care, and health care originations in order to address every issue faced by the people of the community. It helped them provide education, address the issues faced by the children such as eye infection and skin disease due to poor hygiene maintenance as well as develop physical strength and healthy body which helped them attain active part in state and national level competitions(No School No Pool, 2021). It was found that it helped these children sustain a better position within the community, state, and nation as they were proving themselves equal and strong in form of the world by winning the tournaments.
Principle 2-Social equity:
One of the chief principles focusing on which the primary health acre of these indigenous populations functions includes social equity as it focuses on minimizing and reducing the condition of discrimination and inequality. It tends to function by developing an environment or setting where there is no report of any discrimination based on any factors and service along with care are provided to every one according to their needs and health demands (Castillo et al., 2019). It focuses on delivering care and facilities to every individual within a community with equal respect and dignity. Social equity tends to focus on the social needs of the community despite having diversity based on any factor that can be race, gender, economic status, or education and literacy(No School No Pool, 2021). Thus, in a population of indigenous people who are known to be the most vulnerable population with an increased rate of discrimination since ages, social equity tends to play a significant role.
It was found in the video assessment of the Burringurrah community that the community was provided with a primary health care policy that tends to address education as well as physical health within a community by focusing on the condition of social equity(No School No Pool, 2021). It is so as no children were discriminated against or isolated under the policy and were supported with better education and physical health equity and significantly.
One Ottawa charter for health promotion:
The Ottawa charter for the health promotion strategies has been developed in promotinghealthandhealthybehaviorwith the community in order to ensure better community outcomes. One of the strategiesof the health promotion strategy includes "creating a supportive environment" which has its impact on promoting better health within the community. The strategy functions in developing a healthy and supportive environment for the community people where better health and security will be delivered (Fry &Zask, 2017). Focusing on the video of the Burringurrah community, it was found that the policy no school no pool developed a supportive environment for the people of the community as their children were provided with education, hygiene as well as physical health to sustain better growth and healthy development. Children were provided with education, where they sustained the cognitive as well as behavioral strength in order to take control over their health and lifestyle(No School No Pool, 2021). The condition of skin infection, as well as illness, was also addressed as they started understanding cleanliness and hygiene in their lives. also, physical health services with the help of a swimming pool were promoted in order to keep them fit and free from any health morbidities.
Culturalcompetence and the significance for the people of the Burringurrah community:
Cultural competence has been defined to be role and responsibility under which a policy or program function in order to provide serves which are focused on the promoting culturally safe and significant environment.It focuses on providing respect and consideration to everyone's culture and beliefs along with the requirements they seek in order to sustain better health and education for their children as well as adults (Danso et al., 2018). It focuses on involving intercultural values and regulation where every culture is provided with equal respect and opportunity within the population. The Burringurrah community video assessment was provided with a policy for which every culture as their people was equal and no one was discriminated against based on diversity. The school as well as the swimming pool was for every child despite having cultural diversity and are equally address within the premises(No School No Pool, 2021). It explained that the policy was using cultural competence in order to provide education and physical health within the community to strengthen the children for a better future.
Burau, V., Hillersdal, L., Timm, A., &Maindal, H. T. (2019).Intersectoral coordination and diabetes prevention: building capacity through professional agency. European Journal of Public Health, 29(Supplement_4), ckz185-315. Retrieved from: OP-EURP190193 120..121 ++ (silverchair.com)
Castillo, E. G., Ijadi-Maghsoodi, R., Shadravan, S., Moore, E., Mensah, M. O., Docherty, M., ...& Wells, K. B. (2019). Community interventions to promote mental health and social equity. Current psychiatry reports, 21(5), 1-14.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-019-1017-0
Chenhall, R. D., & Senior, K. (2018).Living the social determinants of health: Assemblages in a remote Aboriginal community. Medical anthropology quarterly, 32(2), 177-195. https://doi.org/10.1111/maq.12418
Danso, R. (2018). Cultural competence and cultural humility: A critical reflection on key cultural diversity concepts. Journal of Social Work, 18(4), 410-430.https://doi.org/10.1177/1468017316654341
De Leeuw, S. (2018). Activating place: geography as a determinant of Indigenous peoples’ health and well-being (pp. 187-202). Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press. Retrieved from: Determinants of Indigenous Peoples' Health, Second Edition: Beyond the Social - Google Books
Fry, D., &Zask, A. (2017).Applying the Ottawa Charter to inform health promotion programme design. Health Promotion International, 32(5), 901-912.https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/daw022
No School No Pool. (2021). [Image].Retrieved 24 April 2021, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqZtQEe9maY.