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Enterprise Systems Assignment: Framework Reference Of Sensing, Smart & Sustainable Product Development


This enterprise systems assignment expects the student to submit a critique report on a research article related to Enterprise applications and its current trend technologies. This assessment is designed to improve student presentation skills and to give students experience in researching a topic and writing a report/Critique report relevant to the Unit of Study subject matter. The research articles would be tasked to explore further research trends relevant to the unit content. As further research findings the unit lecturer may supplement or substitute these to keep the research delivery current and updated.

For this component you will prepare a report/critique on an academic paper related to Enterprise Systems or Enterprises systems technologies, etc. The paper you select must be directly relevant to one of these major topics. The paper can be from any academic conference or other relevant Journal or online sources such as Google Scholar, Academic department repositories etc.


Executive Summary
It is essential to note that the enterprise systems assignment is a business report that would be investigating upon the various concerns and the prospects related to S3 products. It is essential to note that the document relates to a corporate term while investigating on the mentioned concepts and the related prospect or the future placement of the price of technology. This has been completed with the extensive use of secondary data that had been available over the open source databases with appropriate terms of use. The investigation has been completed through ethical means and concerning the various prospects related to the venture.

1.0 Introduction
Social problems global are enlarging the Global opposition which is suddenly in the market. Different types of advanced manufacturing industries are asking the companies to adopt different types of new Strategies and pushing the companies to face different challenges which are increasing the demand for competition in the marketplace [1]. Search strategies mainly provide a variety of tools, and they were revealed that their principles are built on information communication technologies. This kind of revenue Information and Communication Technologies has some digitisation process and what people mean by information communication technology is a digital design, digital customers, digital logistics, digital manufacturing, and digital services. This report will discuss new product development and their study and strategy and then what are the main goals of S3 development and what kind of offers they will apply to the new generation will be discussed over here.

1.2 Background
While considering global business it is essential to note that there would be specific challenges consisting social and sustainability challenges. Various sorts of cutting edge fabricating ventures are requesting that the organizations embrace various kinds of new Strategies and pushing the organizations to confront various difficulties which are expanding the interest for rivalry in the commercial centre. The prospect of search systems provides numerous tools and techniques that would be essential for innovations. This sort of income Information and Communication Technologies has some digitisation cycle and what individuals mean by data correspondence innovation is an advanced plan, computerized clients, advanced coordination, advanced assembling, and computerized administrations.

1.3 Research Question

  • What is the sustainability prospect concerning the enterprise systems?
  • What is S3products and how can it aid the economy?
  • What are the data design approach related to sensing, smart and sustainable products or S3 products?
  • What is the lifecycle of S3 products?

2.0 Literature review
Product evolution and new technical products are followed by a variety of activities that relate to other stages of product lifestyles.Their main goal of these pursuit is to cause their task and gather different types of information and collect the details together to make a new product and describe its effect [2]. It can also be said that some approaches support these venture and their main purpose is to support those activities through multi-domain interrogation. Search approaches facility some exchange information and creates a product development process after selecting that information according to discipline. This section covers sensing, smart and sustainable product development of design approach.

2.1 Sensing, Smart, and Sustainable product development of design approaches
According to the authors, technological products have some complexities due to which design approaches domain interrogation engineering to improve their product development process [2]. Sensing products and smart products adhere to some engineering empire and control such as mechanical, software, or electrical, these approaches are involved with the mechatronics product development and their help in CPS development too [3]. Sustainable product development requires some sustainable application that are designed along with specific tools or techniques for the environment and are considered Eco design and life cycle assessment. Some design accept these cross-domain challenges to their product evolution process.

At the moment some authors are keeping an eye on the developing approaches and they are supporting a decision-making process so their approaches are publishing true managing information, exchange, and adhering two different domains and disciplines. The author states that the main function of graph-based approaches is to generate pre-existing knowledge and describe a decision-making process about NDP [2]. The main function of approaches is to further improve the life cycle of products they develop and to combine the kind of effective information the received with the heterogeneous environment [4]. There are other attempts to improve semantic organisational interoperability just to ensure the kind of effective information they are starting share. This literature review has helped to provide a review of the different types of methodology and that research design helps to clarify the methodological area about the product development process.

3.0 Concept of applying Sensing, Smart, and Sustainable products
This section will provide a review of sensing, smart, and sustainable products of what kind of illuminating these products provide and helps to know about the potential scope and scale.

3.1 Sensing products
Sensing products used sensors to identify a variety of incidents and also help to make a major change in the type of environment it creates. Data Collection is processed through the control unit and it helps to create the right decision and it also adds functionality to product improvement. As per the statements of the authors, it could be clarifiedthat the fact that their most common application is the monitoring system so they control the monitoring system through autonomy and optimization [3]. Sensors are nearly related to smart technology as they can interrogate with their interconnected environment and support any kind of decision-making smart module. Advanced sensors health technology to increase their abilities and they consume their size, energy and thus give an idea of the amount of effort required to increase technology development [5].

As per the opinions proposed by the author, this type of technology is commonly used in sensor networks and wireless sensor networks, so that interconnected applications can monitor and educate temperature sound and vibration, pressure or motion according to the physical or environmental conditions [6]. Wireless communication technologies also enable a variety of implementations and wearable implementations that provide biosensors. It also helps to embed newly created development, and they enable intelligent systems through computing to enable designs in cloud computing and lead to higher-level systems of implementation and development for IoT systems [7].

3.2 Smart products
As per the statements of the author it could bearticulated that the fact that smart products equipped physical products with their help to create drafts of sensors [5]. Smart products refer to mobile and sensor Technologies that use different types of physical entities to create digital representations and their parameters are always over time anywhere. Search technologies are used for intensive viewing and are typically used in ground digital representations that only express physical entities through geographical references [7]. Usually, the physical world and digital representation combine to form interconnected words that help to manipulate other products. Smart products help to specialise in different types of hybrid products and they provide product categories and descriptions of digital products through physical realisation which provide different types of characteristics.

Smart products can recognise different types of processing and create community context depending on the situation. This product affects all types of consumer needs from tailoring to buyer's and can personalize search rules. According to statements proposed bt the author, it could be stated that smart products have a variety of adaptive capabilities that can be changed according to consumers' responses and tasks [12]. These products can effectively anticipate any business and understand the plans for the intentions of consumers. Being smart products, they can understand different types of network communications and maintain a network capability with other products [8]. The demand for such smart products includes a variety of research areas such as marketing products, computer science, engineering, economics, economics, consumer psychology, innovation management, cognitive science and many others. Smart products are dominated by by-product services because such products are associated with a physical additional service and that come primarily through the product-service system.

3.3 Sustainable products
Sustainable products refer to products that provide social, environmental, and economic benefits and it always conducts a life cycle over the public health environment to help extract all kinds of raw materials until final disposal. The sustainable product means that it is maintaining the balance of the products and it is optimised. Their performance considered social and environmental objectives and consequently the kind of environmental impact their reduction is efficient for their use of materials. Sustainable products have many benefits. These products are eco-friendly as an example of a sustainable product, clothes are made from recycled fabric [9]. Also, footwear made of wool is used for reuse, still drink bottle making and recycling and which is an example of a sustainable product.

Sustainable products are very easy to identify because these products are related to a variety of sources and the time of access so that their materials provide all the information about the product's originals, as well as reuse capability through cost, manufacturing, lifespan transportation and so on. It is understood whether the product is sustainable or not. Although sustainable products have some specific principles which are the foundation, representation, and concept. Sustainable products are made based on these three principles. This is why sustainability is built on three pillars: society, economy, and environment. Sustainable products are used in informally profit, people and planet as a result of adhering these principles.

4.0 S3 products
S3 product is any composition of physical system that is a component of hardware or software. S3 product can be referred as several different products for an application. The S3 concept is considered as a kind of design that helps to develop new-generation products. In this case, the sensing products showing the boundary of a product and the functionality that this product can monitor. The concept of smart product refers to a design that enables different types of products to be applied and act as an interconnected environment [10]. The meaning of sustainable product is a product that can be recycled in any way. Sustainable products refer to products that provide social, environmental, and economic benefits and it always conducts a life cycle over the public health environment to help extract all kinds of raw materials until final disposal. These types of products are very useful for any business or organisation and as a result, they are constantly developing new types of products. Various types of researches are being made to make such products more advanced and these products are being manufactured following IoT systems.

5.0 Result
Different objectives, techniques have been used to meet sustainable situation. For example, Dfe is the systematic consideration to minimise any environmental impact. LCE used here only to add different concepts and to bring out the three aspects. These three aspects are-

  • Use stage: It involves a kind of instruction of raw materials for any manufacturing, processing, transportation and it helps to distribute those extracts.
  • Manufacturing stage: It includes resource consumption and try to maintain this [11].
  • Life-of-End stage: It is involved between disposal, and recycling systems.

Genetic Model in enterprise 1

Figure 1: Genetic Model
(Source: Miranda et al., 2019)

Fencing products are bound by the core source of consumption and it maintains the development of new types of product. Smart products follow the instruction of all types of raw materials and their manufacturing process, transportation helps to distribute them.

Sensing, Smart, and sustainable concepts are helps to create the art and they are developing new products in various ways. The meaning of concept is monitoring the space of a product and creating a newly interconnected environment with smart products so that such designs cannot be extracted through a product [12]. Users of these products have created simple navigation that enables them to create the based Home Automation app that can control all types of devices. Sales consumers pet a variety of goats and they loved this kind of on-pack sustainability so that their business can grow steadily. The main idea of these products is to develop all kinds of correspondences and create a physical structure with the new design. The main goal is to develop such correspondents in a variety of ways so that any organisation using such products will improve their technology evenly.

7.0 Discussion
From this complete report, it is clear that sensing, Smart, and sustainable products are slowly improving and their improvements are coming to the benefit of various organisations or companies and such improvements are increasing [13]. These types of products can be promoted in different ways and in this regard the correct idea about the formation of the main shorts is available.

Genetic Model in enterprise 2

Figure 2: Conceptual Design
(Source: Miranda et al., 2017)

Using such products increase the reputation of an organisation and improve its business. Sensing technologies help to give multiple benefits as they further enhance the technology through deploying sensors. Not only does it measure measurement but it also speeds up data transmission and helps to enhances asset health. These sensors respond to the distinctive manner known as the sensing element.

7.1 Methodology
The section of the study would be related to the precise methodology and the tools and techniques that has been used for the completion of the venture. Additionally, this would be related to the progress of the study and would be concerned with the possibilities associated with the venture. Thus, the tools to accomplish the primary methodology of the venture are as follows:

  • Research method: This study utilises a mixed method as it takes account of qualitative data from the secondary sources of data yet promotes a quantitative method of data analysis.
  • Research approach: The research follows a deductive approach. This could be accounted with the deduction and appreciation of an existing theory.
  • Research design:The chosen research design for the study could be associated with the quasi-experimental research type.
  • Research paradigm: The appropriate research paradigm associated with the specific study could be mentioned as the positivism.
  • Data analysis: The data analysis techniques associated with the study could be observed to be primarily descriptive. However, root-cause analysis techniques has been used for better representation of the results.
  • Sampling: No potential sampling of primary data has been conducted, yet, collection of secondary data has been qualitative data has been done.
  • Ethical consent: This would be related to the culmination and the integration of all ethical standards that would be associated with the research. Hence, all ethical standards has been maintained while collecting and analysis of the data has been conducted for the completion of the study.

8.0 Conclusion
Within this framework, researchers have focused on sensing, smart and sustainable product development. Researchers have provided complete information on how these products have improved and what the main functions of these products are. Researches have discussed in various ways how this kind of S3 development has improved. They took the help of various journals, books, magazines and helped to uncover various information about it through its accurate literature review. They have completed this research using the qualitative research method and have made this research more interesting by providing different types of data. As a result of providing these types of data, they have provided a variety of information that reflects the various improvements that have been made to this S3 product development. They also highlighted the advantages of these three types of products through a discussion which has given a complete idea about these products.

9.0 References
[1] J. Miranda, R. Pérez-Rodríguez, V. Borja, P. K. Wright, and A. Molina, “Sensing, smart and sustainable product development (S3 product) reference framework,” Int. J. Prod. Res., 2019, doi: 10.1080/00207543.2017.1401237.

[2] J. Miranda, R. Pérez-Rodríguez, V. Borja, P. K. Wright, and A. Molina, “Integrated Product, Process and Manufacturing System Development Reference Model to develop Cyber-Physical Production Systems - The Sensing, Smart and Sustainable Microfactory Case Study,” IFAC-PapersOnLine, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2017.08.2006.

[3] H. Mauricio-Moreno, J. Miranda, D. Chavarria, M. Ramirez-Cadena, and A. Molina, “Design S3-RF (Sustainable x Smart x Sensing - Reference Framework) for the future manufacturing enterprise,” 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.06.058.

[4] J. Miranda, P. Ponce, A. Molina, and P. Wright, “Sensing, smart and sustainable technologies for Agri-Food 4.0,” Comput. Ind., 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.compind.2019.02.002.

[5] M. Lom, O. Pribyl, and M. Svitek, “Industry 4.0 as a part of smart cities,” 2016, doi: 10.1109/SCSP.2016.7501015.

[6] Y. Zhang, S. Ren, Y. Liu, and S. Si, “A big data analytics architecture for cleaner manufacturing and maintenance processes of complex products,” J. Clean. Prod., 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.123.

[7] S. S. Kamble, A. Gunasekaran, and S. A. Gawankar, “Sustainable Industry 4.0 framework: A systematic literature review identifying the current trends and future perspectives,” enterprise systems assignment Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.psep.2018.05.009.

[8] L. Liu, “IoT and a sustainable city,” 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2018.10.080.

[9] J. Zhang, H. Liu, D. S. Sayogo, S. Picazo-Vela, and L. Luna-Reyes, “Strengthening institutional-based trust for sustainable consumption: Lessons for smart disclosure,” Gov. Inf. Q., 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.giq.2016.01.009.

[10] T. M. Vinod Kumar and B. Dahiya, “Smart Economy in Smart Cities,” 2017.

[11] M. Sinclair, L. Sheldrick, M. Moreno, and E. Dewberry, “Consumer intervention mapping-A tool for designing future product strategies within circular product service systems,” Sustain., 2018, doi: 10.3390/su10062088.

[12] D. Chavarría-Barrientos, R. Batres, P. K. Wright, and A. Molina, “A methodology to create a sensing, smart and sustainable manufacturing enterprise,” Int. J. Prod. Res., 2018, doi: 10.1080/00207543.2017.1386333.

[13] Y. Liu, Y. Zhang, S. Ren, M. Yang, Y. Wang, and D. Huisingh, “How can smart technologies contribute to sustainable product lifecycle management?,” J. Clean. Prod., 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119423.


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