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Enterprise Resource Planning Assignment: ERP Implementation Using Iot In Tesco


Task: Select a recent academic paper related to ERP implementation using IoT and prepare a critique report on enterprise resource planning assignment.


The current article is about IoT Based Framework for Enhancing the Capabilities of Educational ERP System that has been presented by [11].The article presents an efficient approach through which the capability of the legacy ERP solutions can be achieved using IoT. These solutions are further integrated through the web service assistance that further results in a dynamic building within real-time analytics. The article has focused on developing IoT architectures that can be directly linked with the education ERP system model for its implementation in Tesco. This would help in generating an efficient modern LMS (learning management system). The author in the paper has proposed to develop a smart architecture that can keep the pace with the legacy system of the institute. In the current appearance, the Profmax education ERP package has been considered which has various sets of modules such as a portal of team leaders, project managers,employees, company head as well as administrative head.

Intent and content of the article
According to [4], the human being is surrounded by different objects being arranged in the form of networks known as the Internet of Things (IoT). There are extensive applications of the internet of things in day-to-day life which have made human life much more comfortable. Currently, there are various applications of IoT like smart city applications, smart homes, smart parking. The point should be noted that the Tesco campus stands out to be an ideal place for creating a smart environment[11]. There is a list of properties within the smart community like devices for being sensible, accessible, connectable, sociable so that choice for IoT infrastructure. IoT adoption is not that simple if the device is not interoperable as IoT devices are found to be highly heterogeneous in nature [8].

The second aspect is due to the absence of acceptance at a worldwide level. For an IoT based infrastructure where the devices need to be interoperable which highlights that device receive and send the signal simultaneously. In this paper, an overview has been given for IoT depended on the semantic model that provides interoperability among devices within the healthcare industry [12]. Using this framework, all the information for the module for the educational institute within semantic annotated. Integrating the system with educational ERP packages can improve the capability of the legacy system.

In information technology, ERP solutions can be easily integrated and automated for both academic and non-academic sources of the institute. The academic module is needed for different services like registration, recruitment, and job [3]. For some of the non-academic sources, ERP can be used for different services like HR, billing, and library [12]. ERP system will be used for tracking down all the records by using a centralized database. This system provides opportunities where users can work simultaneously. As per [7], there are different modules of ERP software needed for carrying out a range of functions like admission, library, fees management attendance, inquiry for hotel management, and lastly SMS. The given technology can be combined using web-based dynamics. The dynamic semantic link makes different techniques like ontology matching and RFID. Technologies like RFID can be used for addressing visibility, traceability, and controllability for all smart objects. Dynamic semantic linking is useful for the generation of dynamic binding within real-time [9]. This is helpful in both functional and non-functional aspects which help in the computation of different suitable compositions for service requests. This is helpful in increasing overall features for the present system used in educational ERP packages [16]. Semantic web ontology is needed for knowledge representation in a much common reusable and shareable way. This can even provide support for ongoing activities within the education setting like course content and accessing learning levels.

Benefits and challenges associated with ERP implementation
As stated by [9], Tesco readiness fortheeffective implementation of ERP considers certain key success factors namely the systemintegration, project management and trainingas wellas education. There has been significant research work in the areas of ERP and SAP and Oracle offers the possiblebenefits as a package of ERP. The current stet for the adoption of ERP in the organisation has shown extensive growth irrespective of the firm’s size [8]. Thereare certain firms that have successfullyimplemented ERP by analysing the costs and have mitigated the possible risk to reap its benefits. As highlighted by [12], there are various recommendation for the effective ERP implementation, however it comes with risks. Thereis certain practical suggestion that canhelp in reducing the risk. Thisincludesconsideration and effective implementation of technical, operational, and legal factors that are acceptable for the ERP implementation.

For this, software alignment with the goals and objective of the implementation must be fulfilled toachieve full results. Most advancetechnologies must be used which wouldreflect the firm’s practices prior to implementation.As stated by [13],the ERP implementation in firm drives significant benefits that cannot be ignored due to its high costs. Even thoughERP requires large investment, it can successfully unify the costs and thereby improve the efficiency of the business. It includes plenty of functional areas such as CRM and supply chainmanagement that can be made modular. Apart from this, it offers high range of transparency and enhanced reporting as well as planning of documents. ERP are capable enough to reduce the costs and time needed by the workforce [16]. With the cutting-edge technologies, the advance functionality can easily manage the business. It also offers improved data security as wellas quality alongside enhancedcollaboration in the areas of workflows.

As far as the challenges are concerned, [3], highlights the key issue that is associated with ERP implementation. It includes the huge costs, resistance in ERP, dependency on the software experiences and lackof purchase for a customisedsystem.

Research method
The author in the article has considered secondary sources wherein various opinions of the author relating to the framework for ERP solution integrated with IoT is considered. The author has proposed an IoT based semantic interoperability framework which would be providing semantic interoperability across the heterogeneous IoT devices in the education sector. The framework shall be driving significant benefits in the areas of information integration [6]. Apart from this the author also opinions to integrate the system with the Profmax educational ERP package that improves the current legacy of the system. The author in the current research work has considered an algorithm for the set of courses that shall help in designing a robust system.

Issues highlighted by the author
The current paper revolves around IoT based model that can leverage the capabilities of the education ERP system in Tesco. The author has pointed out certain issues that are commonly faced in the case of conventional ERP systems [9]. The author has put forth that even if IoT offers basic assistance or makes the institute intelligent, the integration of ERP systems with IoT can be supportive. However, there are significant challenges that the author has failed to address in integrating IoT with ERP systems.The paper highlights the system shall be supporting the online payment withinhighly secured environment thereby mitigate the issue that is commonly faced in each of the entry. Herein thee has bee issue with manual upgradation that can be easily overcome with the efficient usage of sensor network that supports IoT. The author in the paper highlights that IoT with ERP shall make the system more flexible and thereby produces real-time outcomes.the framework developed by the author through DSL offers processor to work in smarter way. It has further enhanced the tool by 30% which would make the LMS more convenient s well as efficient in nature. The author in the current paper has also illustrated that the integration with IoT shall develop a lack of trust as a new technological trend [12]. Data security is further the most concerning issue in this regard. The Tesco is investing in ERP solutions that are more accurate as well as assures data reliability form the IoT system. Thus, it is risky on the part of universities to implement such new technology.

The author further feels that there must be the existence of direct communication between the ERP system and IoT to achieve more advanced cases for IoT [15]. The author also adds further that the integration of more technologies with the system shall increase the complexities. Universities need to handle large amounts of data and in this regard, large datasets can cause mismanagement and might disrupt the system. Apart from this, the paper also illustrates that there can be issues with the insecure connection that can put the data in the ERP system at risk [8]. This might cause huge data loss and significant risk that might hamper the reputation of the university.

Discussion and Findings
The current paper has proposed a model wherein the details regarding basic infrastructure regarding Tesco that comes with various modules. These modules come with significant responsibilities such as exam cells for conducting various sets of activities. It has been found that the current educational system supports Profmax educational ERP [5]. This shall help in supporting various entities wherein the semantic interoperability of the device is evaluated. The signal that generates from the IoT device further spreads to the location in the institutes. These are later processed as well as matched semantically through the web-based on the data categories [3]. Thus, with the semantic concept, in the current situation, the data items exchange can be initiated between the system such as library messages as well as IoT signals.

The message generated on the mobile of the student is a SOAP header that comes with an envelope as well as context [13]. The author in the paper has used a certain algorithm that needs the dynamic changes in the scenario within the data. The author has successfully developed the framework that for instance, if the employees have dropped the course, then it shall be then dynamic up-gradation within the system. In this case, the alternative course is assigned to a team leader. These shall be further reflected through RFID based attendance records for the employees [10].

It can be stated that the author has covered the details and has presented the major findings of the framework through the proposed framework models. Thus, it can be stated that the dynamic Semantic Link further requires development that can easily propagate through the sensor data resulting from IoT based devices [14].

The paper also points out that there can be situations wherein IoT sensor data can be dropped and for this, an alternative path shall be selected. The algorithm considered for DSL relating to sensor data demonstrates the ways in which the data is selected dynamically. The author has successfully highlighted the key element that act as a barrier in implementingand integrating the technologies. Based on this, it can be stated that the ERP software is a central ingredient towards the development of successfulbusiness as in the current case for Tesco [16]. The benefits that are achieved form the implementation andintegration of ERP education system for the employee shall make them aware regarding certain key concepts relating to customer behaviour and preferences. This shall further develop in-depth insights which would generate successful outcomes after its successful implementationand integration.

The current article has evaluated the proposed system that would be the integration of IoT with the education ERP that improves the capabilities of the system. It can be stated that the author has considered the minute details and discussed them through the paper. The use of IoT by the author for enhancement of the system has been due to its key characteristics of intelligence, generates real-time information, and flexibility.

Apart from this, the system also tends to improve the learning experiences, campus security as well as other key aspects of the Tesco. The current framework proposed in the paper has considered a Dynamic Semantic link that offers the processor to work in a smart manner. Thus, the considered system shall significantly enhance the conventional tool by 30%which would make the modern LMS more efficient in Tesco. Thus, it can be stated that, organisation needs to integrate the IoT and ERP system for delivering robustsystem that would ensure profit generation in the long-termbusinessperspective.

[1] A., Löffler, B., Levkovskyi, L., Prifti, H. Kienegger, and H., Krcmar. Teaching the Digital Transformation of Business Processes: Design of a Simulation Game for Information Systems Education, 2019.


[3] C.H. Davis and J., Comeau. Enterprise integration in business education: Design and outcomes of a capstone ERP-based undergraduate e-business management course. Journal of Information Systems Education, 15(3), p.8,2020.

[4] D., Fernandez, Z. Zaino, and H., Ahmad. An investigation of challenges in Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) implementation: The case of public sector in Malaysia. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 7(3), pp.113-117, 2018.

[5] F., Osimani, B., Stecanella, G., Capdehourat, L. Etcheverry, and E., Grampín. Managing Devices of a One-to-One Computing Educational Program Using an IoT Infrastructure. Sensors, 19(1), p.70, 2019.

[6] L.J. Janczewski and G., Ward. IOT: Challenges in Information Security Training, 2019.

[7] M. Soliman and N., Karia. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Systems in the Egyptian Higher Education Institutions: Benefits, Challenges and Issues. In International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2016.

[8] M., Arriagada-Benítez, M., Sepúlveda, J. Munoz-Gama, and J.C., Buijs. Strategies to automatically derive a process model from a configurable process model based on event data. Applied sciences, 7(10), p.1023, 2017.

[9] R., Regmi, Z., Zhang, S., Khanal, H. Zhang, and J., Kim. An empirical study on user acceptance of ERP system by international employees in Chinese HEIs: A TAM approach. International Journal of Higher Education Management, 6(1), 2019.

[10] S. Sangkhapan and P., Nilsook. Integrating the Internet of Things with Enterprise Resource Planning System for Management Educational Institutes. Princess of NaradhiwasTesco Journal, 11(2), pp.181-196, 2019.

[11] S. Tiwari and M., Darbari. IoT Based Framework for Enhancing the Capabilities of Educational ERP System. In International Conference on Intelligent Data Communication Technologies and Internet of Things (pp. 160-167). Springer, Cham, 2018, August.

[12] S., Strecker, D., Kundisch, F., Lehner, J.M. Leimeister, and P., Schubert. Higher education and the opportunities and challenges of educational technology. Business & Information Systems Engineering, 60(2), pp.181-189, 2018.

[13] M.A., AbdElmonem, E.S. Nasr, and M.H., Geith. Benefits and challenges of cloud ERP systems–a systematic literature review. Future Computing and Informatics Journal, 1(1-2), pp.1-9, 2016.

[14] S., Gupta, S.C., Misra, A., Singh, V.Kumar, and U., Kumar. Identification of challenges and their ranking in the implementation of cloud ERP. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 2017.

[15] K.B., Osnes, J.R., Olsen, P.Vassilakopoulou, and E., Hustad. ERP systems in multinational enterprises: A literature review of post-implementation challenges. Procedia computer science, 138, pp.541-548, 2018.

[16] D., Menon. Critical challenges in enterprise resource planning (ERP) implementation. International Journal of Business and Management, 14(7) , 2019.


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