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30 Year Plan For Greater Adelaide: Enhancing The Accessibility Of A Geographic Region

Question

Task: The 30-Year Plan for Greater Adelaide was introduced and gazetted in 2010 by the Government of South Australia is the context for this assignment. The plan was revised and released in 2017.

Topic of the assignment should be based on Movement and accessibility. It should include types of transport infrastructure, society’s transport choices, degree of accessibility and planning for the movement of people.

Assignment can be in a form of essay with sub-headings. My professor has given an example of the structure of assignment as follows:

  1. What is accessibility and how does it relate to transport infrastructure?
  2. How transport network/infrastructure shape urban structure?
  3. What are the main transport strategies and policies of the 30-Year Plan for Greater Adelaide?
  4. In what ways housing strategies and transport strategies are linked to each other?
  5. In the plan, how different modes of transport are proposed to be integrated?
  6. What is the role of TODs with respect to transport?
  7. How does the 30-Year Plan propose to improve the share of public transport?
  8. How do the 30-Year Plan strategies compare with planning strategies for other capital cities in Australia, for example, Melbourne or Sydney?

Answer

Introduction
Transportation is one of the most significant aspects that help in enhancing the accessibility of a geographic region. Increased accessibility is beneficial for enhancing the living standard of the place as people are well connected from one another and therefore, business scan prosper. This 30 year plan for greater Adelaide will discusses regarding the importance of transportation system and will evaluate about the 30-year plan for greater adelaide which has been proposed by the Australian government in order to improve the public transportation, accommodation and living standards of Adelaide. The plan will be compared efficiently with the plans of other primary cities such as Sydney, Melbourne and more in order to understand about the beneficial of the plan and the way it will help in improving the lifestyle and economic development of the city.

Accessibility and transport infrastructure
Accessibility as per social planning refers to the people’s ability of using services and opportunities. In context of transportation the accessibility is the mobility or the movement of people and goods from a special geographic location. Accessibility is a major part of transportation infrastructure as roads, and transportations systems are developed in a manner so that places can be accessed by people in an easier manner. For example, transportation systems such as road, railways airlines are developed in a region so that it can be made more accessible and business in that region can improve.

The role of transport infrastructure in shaping urban structure
Transportation infrastructure plays a significant role in enhancing the urban structure and contributes towards urbanization. The process of urbanization involves a number of significant trips to the urban areas. It is observed that the cities have traditionally responded to the growth and development in the mobility by expanding the supply of transportation, by building new transit lines and highways. The transportation infrastructure helps in connecting a number of geographic regions from one another. With the increase in connection of the geographic regions, the business and lifestyle is observed to improve. Therefore, with the development of transport in a region people are more inclined towards residing in these region n develop it in order to make it more comforting and beneficial for them. As the business improves due to transportation infrastructures the public is able to secure more job opportunities for themselves and the living standards of the region gradually enhances. Therefore it can be analyzed that transportation can help in the development and growth of a region in a significant manner.

The main transportation strategies and policies of the 30-Year Plan for Greater Adelaide
The 30- Year Plan for Greater Adelaide is aimed towards increasing the sustainability and the living conditions of the place. There are a number of strategies and policies adopted in the plan in order to improve the infrastructure of Adelaide. The policy theme of this plan includes Transit corridor growth that will help in delivering a compact urban form by taking initiative of locating the Greater Adelaide’s urban growth within the existing built-up, the activity centre that will assist in introducing an appropriate zoning for the old Royal Adelaide Hospital that helps in stimulating investment in the east end of Adelaide (Xia et al., 2015). Design quality is a policy that aims at encouraging urban renewal projects that adopts an all inclusive approach in order to develop the place by including public realm, streetscapes, infrastructure and public art. Heritage is another policy that recognizes the value of communities place on the heritage and it ensures that the new developments are all implemented in a sensitive and respectful manner. Housing mix helps in providing affordable and diverse housing choices for the different lifestyle and household types. Health wellbeing and inclusion policy is dedicated towards developing a healthy neighborhood that will promote walking, cycling and public life. The economy and job policy supports economic growth and helps in attracting potential investment opportunities. Transport infrastructure are inclined towards improving the accessibility through road, railways, air and water transportation systems, biodiversity policy is dedicated at valuing the environment and the nature and will help in enhancing the biodiversity., open space, sport and recreation will ensure a diverse range of quality public places and open space. Climate change water and emergency management are part of the policies of this plan that are aimed at maintain the natural resources and the power source so that these can be utilized in the most efficient manner (Zeppel, 2011).

Housing strategies and transport strategies
The 30 year plan has a unique housing and transportation strategy that has been discussed below:

Housing strategy: Historically it was analyzed that the Greater Adelaide was dominated by the detached housing on large land pieces and on the other end it had large multiple apartment. . however, there are their significant housing type that are missing in this region that could offer an affordable, well designed as well as well located housing options for the changing demographics and household types. The plan focuses on offering a diverse range of housing option that are affordable, universally designed, and supports ageing in place while reflecting the changing requirement of the community (Bunker, 2015). As discussed in this 30- Year Plan for Greater Adelaide the housing strategies are inclined towards using government owned lands and larger undeveloped areas as a catalyst in order to stimulate higher density development and in addition innovate building form.

Transportation strategy: The transportation strategy will be aimed at delivering a more connected and more accessible services to Greater Adelaide. The policies of the transportation strategy will ensure that the development does not affect any transportation function of freight or the major traffic routes and is able to maintain access to the market (Liu & Robinson, 2016). The transportation system will improve and extend walking and priorities cycling infrastructure by providing a universally safe and accessible and convenient connection to the activity centre, public transport and open space. The policies will encourage the use of electric cars by building electric charge points within the transit corridors and car share schemes. This will help in reducing the carbon prints and air pollution significantly.

The integration of different modes of transportation
This 30- Year Plan for Greater Adelaide is taking initiative of including sustainable transportation options in order to improve the lifestyle. The plan is developing new cycling infrastructure with the assistance of Arterial Road Bicycle Facilities program, public bike and greenways bicycle boulevards schemes. In addition, it is focused on increasing the security at railway station by implementing CCTV cameras, increasing amenities, lighting and more (Soltani et al., 2019). There is also a plan of AdeLink tram network that will increase public transport uptake. On the other hand, the plan will be delivering new road infrastructure and connect will be connecting the 78 kilometer North-South corridors that will help in increasing connectivity. The plan is also considering the waterways in order to enhance the accessibility of the place in a better manner. Overall tit can be stated that all the primary mode of transportations have been considered in this plan and the infrastructures are being developed in the most efficient manner that will help in improving the accessibility and the business interactions will improve.

The role of TODs with respect to transport
Transit oriented development is a type of community development system that involves a mixture of office, housing, retail and other amenities that is integrated into a walk able neighborhood and are usually located within half-mile of quality public transportation (Renne, 2016). The Union Urban Development Ministry took the initiative of formulating this National Transit Oriented Development Policy in order to address the various challenges associated with urbanization. This policy framework is aimed at promoting living close to the mass urban transit corridors such as monorails, Metros and bus transit corridors. The population in Australian cities is highest among anywhere in the world therefore, the most efficient repose to this urban sprawl is to increase the urban densities and plan a growth along the transport corridors. The Tod acts as a key component in developing such strategies (Newman, 2016). This strategy used in this 30- Year Plan for Greater Adelaide helps in developing medium to high density residential housing, employment opportunities and key services around the key transport hubs. This initiative helps in developing a strong link between the commercial and residential spaces that eliminated the need to travel long distances. Therefore, it is evident that TOD helps in serving as an appropriate guideline for the transportation infrastructure that assists in developing a well enhanced and systematic system of transportation and residential.

The 30-Year Plan propose to improve the share of public transport
The city of Adelaide Transportation strategy outlines the Councils desire to improve the movement and transport for the city and there have been suggestions in the strategies in order to achieve this in the coming ten years. The strategy is inclined towards making the city more accessible by increasing the travel choices in order to meet the needs of the different users. Since the release of the 30 year plan the state government introduced the Integrated Transport and Land Use Plan which helps in supporting a compact urban form that is underpinned by the network of quality public transport and trams. In order to support the public transport investments like AdeLink tram network it is essential that the Greater Adelaide’s population must be concentrated to the key planned an existing public transport routes. Facilitating new innovations and high quality design in different housing type is essential in order to ensure that the increased density can be efficiently accommodated close to the public transportation while maintaining and conserving the character of areas that are valued by the community.

30-Year Plan strategies compare with planning strategies for other capital cities in Australia, for example, Melbourne or Sydney
Growing cities need a careful planning and management system in order to ensure that they remain livable and attractive so that the ecosystem services are well maintained. The changing pattern of the population and settlement, transportation and the consumption patterns are all essential factors for appropriate planning process (Coffee, Lange & Baker, 2016). Historically it was analyzed that Australian cities grew primarily through low density housing at the edges of established urban areas. In recent times the government is more focused towards increasing the level of grey field or brown field developments in order to increase the medium density housing that occur in many inter cities. It is analyzed that the government in Sydney, Melbourne and other cities are more focused towards balancing the housing services and the employment services. They are interested in sustainable services and management. On the other hand the 30- year plan for Adelaide is more focused on maintaining the transportation system along with the housing services. They are making use of TOD and their sustainable strategies that will assist the, in bringing their commercial and residential closer so that public is not required to travel much. This is a more focused planned that requires a number of resources and great effort in order to be implemented in an appropriate manner.

Conclusion
This 30- Year Plan for Greater Adelaide helps in gaining detailed information regarding the planning and development initiatives that are being considered by the Australian government in order to balance the populations of their cities and urban areas. The initiative of improve housing and transportation facilities is analyzed to be beneficial as it will link the commercial and the residential sector in manner so that public will have to travel less and the issue of traffic and pollution can be reduced. In addition, the housing initiative will help in marinating the population growth, the plan of 30-years have been discussed in a detailed manner. The significance of accessibility and the importance of TOD have been mentioned in this assignment. The 30- Year Plan for Greater Adelaide is important in order to improve public transport, housing facilities, sustainability, population, so that the living standards of the city can be improved. Urban planning assignments are being prepared by our civil engineering assignment help experts from top universities which let us to provide you a reliable assignment help Adelaide service.

Reference list
Bunker, R. (2015). Can we plan too much?–the case of the 2010 metropolitan strategy for Adelaide. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 74(3), 381-389.

Coffee, N. T., Lange, J., & Baker, E. (2016). Visualising 30 years of population density change in australia’s major capital cities. Australian Geographer, 47(4), 511-525.

Liu, Z., & Robinson, G. M. (2016). Residential development in the peri-urban fringe: The example of Adelaide, South Australia. Land Use Policy, 57, 179-192.

Newman, P. (2016). Planning for transit oriented development: strategic principles. In Transit Oriented Development (pp. 33-42). Routledge.

Renne, J. L. (2016). Transit oriented development: making it happen. Routledge

Soltani, A., Allan, A., Nguyen, H. A., & Berry, S. (2019). Bikesharing experience in the city of Adelaide: Insight from a preliminary study. Case Studies on Transport Policy.

Xia, T., Nitschke, M., Zhang, Y., Shah, P., Crabb, S., & Hansen, A. (2015). Traffic-related air pollution and health co-benefits of alternative transport in Adelaide, South Australia. Environment international, 74, 281-290.

Zeppel, H. (2011). Climate change governance by local councils: Carbon mitigation by Greater Adelaide councils. In Proceedings of the 2011 Local Government Researchers Forum: Local Governance in Transition (ACELG 2011). Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government.

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