The average temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit is sustained in the human body when it is considered to be a healthy and robust one. The same condition is one of the most significant parameters of homeostasis. The balanced sustenance of the appropriate physical and chemical processes in the human body within an optimal environment is termed to be the situation of homeostasis. The students who are pursuing their academic course in the medical stream, especially the sub-branch of physiology frequently come across the term, homeostasis. The article on “why is homeostasis important” would provide the readers with greater insight into homeostasis’s process and condition.
What is homeostasis?
Our readers should understand what is homeostasis, before moving on to the discussion of why is homeostasis important for our body. It is the sustenance or the preservation of the required physiological environment within the body to facilitate the normal activities that are termed to be the concept of homeostasis. The balance among the various body activities is attained by sustaining a particular environment within the body.
The condition of homeostasis could also be termed as the ability to oppose the variations that could imbalance the internal physiological environment. The American physiologist, Walter Cannon first coined the term homeostasis. As per the definition provided by him, the condition of homeostasis is attained as per the human body’s effort to maintain the dynamic equilibrium. It is very crucial for the survival of the human body in hostile living conditions.
We hope you would have understood what is homeostasis, now let us move on to the discussion over why homeostasis is important.
As mentioned in the previous section of this article, it is the mechanism that maintains the parameters like appropriate pH level, metabolism, temperature, etc. that would be termed to be homeostasis. The concept is clear cut, for sustaining life in a body, homeostasis should be maintained. It is the major reason behind the question, ‘why is homeostasis important for the human body?’ The body will die if there is an imbalance in homeostasis. The body’s requirements are very accurate, and the consequences would have to be faced if there is even a minute change in its value. The level of metabolism should be in a balanced form to sustain a particular temperature within the body. The instance could be evidently observed in the warm-blooded organisms. Along with this, the parameters like accurate pH and other dynamics would also play a crucial role in maintaining the body’s balance. Any narrow deviation from these parameters would lead to the accumulation of waste, unintended molecular breakdown, and even the organism’s untimely death.
Why is homeostasis important in the maintenance of pH level?
The pH level within the body is minutely scrutinized and maintained by its system. By the secretion of various compounds and enzymes, the level of pH is maintained within the body to carry out necessary functions for its survival. The uniform level of pH is not maintained within every part of the body, and they are varied as per the respective chemical and physical processes undertaken. The body is composed of different types of tissue, and the cells present in the stomach are evidently different from that present in the blood. To retain the proper level of haemoglobin within the blood, a certain level of pH should be maintained within it. Even a slight variation in pH level would make a greater impact on the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood cells.
The balance of glucose level in blood could be taken as a very good example of this context. The homeostasis process plays a crucial role in blood glucose regulation, and any imbalance in it would raise the Diabetic condition. The medical condition or diseases that arise from these conditions would be very injurious for the human body. Hence, they should be controlled and avoided at any cost. The higher level of glucose would lead to the damage of tissues at various parts of the body. It is the major reason why the medical team tries to maintain homeostasis within the diabetic patient primarily.
Biological processes that maintain the homeostasis within a body
The process of homeostasis majorly focuses on the deterrence from various detrimental processes to be happening within the body. There is a particular set point of the target for every process undertaken within the body for which the homeostasis provides the favourable environment. Though the positive feedback would instigate the stimulus in homeostasis, it leads various processes away from its initial stage.
It is by sustaining various parameters within the body that the status of homeostasis is retained. A detailed description of these parameters is given in the below section of this article on why is homeostasis important.
Calcium – The particular level of calcium should be sustained within the blood. Though 99% of it is deposited in the teeth and bones, the remaining 1% keep on circulating within the bloodstream. Any imbalance in the level of calcium in the bloodstream would create damage to various tissues. Hence it is very crucial to sustain the level of calcium within the bloodstream via homeostasis.
Temperature – The sustenance of a particular level of temperature within the body is very urgent. The system commences the process of vasodilation to bring down the temperature when the body enters a hot environment. Under the process of vasodilation, the expansion happens to the blood cells, which helps in the easy dissipation of the temperature through breathing and through skin pores.
Toxins – The balance in the homeostasis would get upset if toxins are present within the bloodstream. The body would secrete specific enzymes in this context so that the toxins could be totally excreted from the body.
pH balance – The pH level within the body is maintained by manipulating the base and acidic components. The carbon dioxide is expelled actively by the lungs when the blood enters into acidic nature. The same process decreases when the pH level of the bloodstream signifies basic nature.
Blood Pressure – The damage to the blood capillaries would happen if healthy blood pressure is not sustained. The nervous system’s appropriate impulse signals are conveyed to the heart tissue to manipulate the level of blood pressure in such instances.
Glucose – Glucose molecules act as the primary source of energy within the human body. The tissues within the body will only form when the glucose level fluctuates heavily in the blood. The imbalance in the level of glucose would lead to various complications within the body. The dynamics in the body would always strive to sustain the proper level of glucose. A higher level of insulin is released by the body when the presence of glucose is very high in the bloodstream. The secretion of the same will decrease if the level of glucose is low in the bloodstream.
Why is homeostasis important in sustaining the internal conditions of an organism?
The body’s internal environment could be balanced to maintain the proper level of operation within various organs. It is the appropriate secretion of enzymes from the endocrine system that makes it possible in maintaining the exact balance of homeostasis within the body.
The stage of homeostasis is maintained within the unicellular and multicellular organisms in different methods. Processes like metabolism and excretion are commenced in a very simple manner. There is utmost simplicity in the biological process of the unicellular organisms. However, the processes would get complicated when the body is multicellular in a manner. Hence similarly, the process of homeostasis is very complicated in the human body. It depends on the negative feedback loops in which the process of homeostasis would depend upon. Thus, the balance of homeostasis would get upset when this feedback mechanism would get imbalanced within society.
For a better understanding, the biological stage of diabetes could be considered for analysis. The feedback loop, which is associated with the release of the insulin hormone, gets disrupted in the case of diabetes. The disruption of this broken feedback loop would make it impossible to sustain blood sugar/ glucose level balance. It is crucial for the proper level of homeostasis that the negative feedback loop is properly maintained. We hope that this detailed discussion on “Why is homeostasis important” has provided you with detailed insight.
Need help with your homeostasis assignments?
The concept of homeostasis is a little bit convoluted, and hence students find it a little hard to understand the concept behind it. The lack of clarity regarding the subject often creates challenges for the student while drafting the academic paper on the topic of homeostasis. To avoid attracting high penalties in the academic evaluation in such instances, we recommend you to opt for the academic aid service of totalassignmenthelp.com. The experts in the totalassignmenthelp.com have prolonged experience in providing premium quality academic service all over the world. Hence, they could present you with a high-quality solution even in a couple of hours. You could ask for technical help, any time you want.
We hope that this article on why is homeostasis important was quite helpful for you. Thank You.
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