An abstract is the first paragraph of a paper or a report; therefore, it is important that you pay special attention to learning how to write an abstract effectively. It enables the author, to present an overview of their thesis and central topic of the whole paper, and grasp the reader’s attention. It is also, through the abstract, that many readers and researchers will judge the contents of the paper, and make a decision about whether the article is relevant to them or not. That is why, in this article, we are going to explore different aspects of an abstract, which will guide you in understanding how to write an abstract which serves the contents of your paper efficiently.
In this article, we will look:
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What is an Abstract?
An abstract is a 150 to 500-word paragraph, which is provided at the starting of any research paper, or report. It is usually brief and concise and may be divided into one to two paragraphs. It consists of brief and to the point sentences which explore different sections of the following paper.
To understand how to write an abstract, you must first understand the necessity, importance and purpose of an abstract. So let us have a quick look at it:
Since, a report, research paper and other scholarly works are quite large and focussed in terms of contents; readers would want to learn about the paper before they invest their time in going through the whole paper. It is where the need for an abstract arises. An abstract serves as a guiding point, which lets the audience know about the main topic, scope, methodology and possible implications of the current paper.
With the help of this important information, readers can evaluate whether the following paper pertains to their field of interest or not. An abstract is also quite an important segment of a paper, as it is this small paragraph which sets the paper apart and introduces it to the audience.
Since there are thousands of research documents being published every single day around the globe, the libraries and databases have a hard time finding the article relevant to your search. Since an Abstract is an overview of the whole paper, it consists of specific keywords and terminology which are specific to the research and allow the audience to identify its relevancy. It also enables the various online libraries, and databases, to navigate through the millions of research documents present on it and shortlist the research article, which you search for. The search bots, of these databases, are designed in such a way, that they are able to read vast amounts of data in a single second, and with the help of the keyword, select the documents which seem relevant.
It is why learning how to write an abstract is an important task, as it introduces the paper to the audience, presents the key information about the paper, helps in expanding the audience of your article, and grabs the attention of the reader through specific information. Therefore, since an abstract serves, multiple purposes, it is important that you take your time in formulating the abstract and learn about how to write an abstract effectively every single time.
Key Components of an Abstract
In order to learn how to write an abstract, it is important to start from the basics and understand the key component of an abstract. So let us dive in!
An abstract can be divided into Purpose, Methodology, Observation, Result and Implications. Each of these sections enables the readers to get a complete understanding of the following paper and presents a comprehensive overview. Let us have a look at each of these components individually:
The first couple of sentences of your abstract should be focussed around presenting the main topic of the research, and introducing it to the readers appropriately. In order to do that, you much first explain why this research is important, by presenting a few sentences on purpose. The purpose of an abstract can be made evident by discussing, about the significance of the topic, or its background. It will allow the readers to understand more about the importance of the research.
Following the purpose and introduction of the research topic, an abstract must talk about what this paper contains, and how you have explored the topic, in order to answer the key questions raised in the thesis statement. The best way to do that is to describe the methodology of your research. In a few brief sentences, talk about the research methodology you adopted for this research. You can also put some emphasis on why this method is most suitable for yielding accurate results. Describe your experiments and research phase and the various avenues you have explored.
Next, without going into the specific details, present an overview of the key observations forms the experiment. Remember, your main purpose is to simply grasp the curiosity of the research and not give out all of the important information about the research in the abstract.
After exploring the observations, present a few brief sentences about the results you have found from your research. Talk about how the results are positive or negative in nature. It would serve as an important few sentences when you discuss the results of the research. Irrespective of the result presents the information in a way which intrigues the readers and prompts them to read on.
The final segment of learning how to write an abstract is to discuss the present and future implications of the research. While deciding whether the research paper or the report, is relevant to the reader, it is vital to discuss the possible implications of the results and observations. It will put emphasis on the importance of the research and make it more impactful.
Tips on How to Write an Abstract
When you are learning how to write an abstract, you should always consider the above components and pay attention to those elements, and you will be able to make an effective abstract for your paper. In addition to that, we have compiled a list of tips and things to avoid, which will help you in the task of how to write an abstract:
We hope this article helped you in understanding how to write an abstract! You can check out our other articles on essay writing and academic help services to receive guidance and support on your college or school assignments.
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