The proper functions and processes done by each organ and parts of the body should be understood before discussing the significance of endocrine vs exocrine glands. It is the specialized tissue or group of cells which acts as glands within the human body. The hormones are being secreted by these glands, which would help in carrying out the important metabolic functions. The hormones are majorly transported to various locations via bloodstreams. The glands within the body could be classified into endocrine vs exocrine glands. Though most of the glands serve the common purpose of sustaining the human body’s proper health, their mode of operation varies significantly.
Definition of endocrine vs exocrine glands
The whole endocrine system is composed of endocrine cells. Any sort of ducts are absent in the endocrine glands, and the hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream. The functioning of exocrine glands are different, and the hormones are introduced directly to the epithelial cells through the specialized ducts.
The same factor contributes to being the major classifying factor in between endocrine vs exocrine glands. The human body would fail to work properly in the absence of endocrine vs exocrine glands. This report’s below discussion would focus on the organ, which is closely associated with these glands. We recommend our readers diligently follow the discussion provided in the below section of this report to understand the basic difference between endocrine vs exocrine glands.
The glands that would come under the classification of the endocrine system
Adrenal glands are situated on the top of the pair of kidneys. The adrenal glands secrete a wide range of hormones. Aldosterone and cortisol are secreted by the adrenal glands which are situated over the pair of kidneys. The secretion of the cortisol hormone controls the emotional and mental state of the organism.
The pituitary gland is situated in the base area of the brain. The gland that hangs from the brain is covered or enclosed by the brain. The gland could be segmented into two sections of the posterior pituitary which is a neutral portion, and the anterior pituitary, which is the glandular portion that secretes the enzymes. It could also be stated as the extension of the hypothalamus. It is the hypothalamus that decides the hormonal output from the posterior section of the anterior gland. The posterior section of the gland is used for storing the hormonal discharge, which could be further exported to the body parts when needed.
The thyroid glands are placed on the thyroid cartilage in the anterior section of the neck. The glands are formed in the shape of a butterfly, and the wings are attached to the central isthmus. The secretion of the thyroid gland plays a major role in the overall cellular metabolism of the body. By evaluating the TSH hormone, the gland would move on with the secretion from the gland.
The glands that would come under the category of exocrine glands
The hormones are secreted directly into the bloodstream via the exocrine glands. Below are listed down the major exocrine glands that are present in the human body.
The further classification could only be done by considering the type of hormones secreted by them. The definition and classification of the exocrine gland would keep on changing with the type of cells comprised in it.
The basic difference between the endocrine vs exocrine glands
As per the definition provided in the academic stream of biology, the glands secrete the hormones through ducts that could be classified as the endocrine. The major example of the secretion made by such glands is sweat, semen, saliva, etc. The following discussion would mention down some of the basic differences between the endocrine vs exocrine glands.
As per the medical experts, very subtle characteristics make variations in between the endocrine vs exocrine glands. As mentioned earlier, the hormones are secreted by means of a duct. The hormones are targeted directly via the tubes to the targeted tissue or position. The best example of it is the secretion of saliva in the mouth.
The presence of any sort of duct is absent in the endocrine glands. It is directly to the bloodstream that the hormones are delivered from the endocrine glands. The imbalance in the hormonal level leads to the most serious illness in the human body.
Some of the characteristics of the exocrine system could also be observed in the endocrine glands. Such type of glands is termed as mixocrine glands in the medical field. The pair of pancreas and liver has both of the characteristics of the exocrine system and endocrine system, and hence could be classified under this category. The balance between these two systems is very crucial for sustaining the health of the body.
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